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From Cell to Gym
Transcript of From Cell to Gym
The endoplasmic reticulum in a cell is responsible for assembling parts of the cell membrane and the rest of the cell.
The Golgi apparatus modifies, sorts, and packages proteins and other materials for storage in the cell to be released outside the cell.
Mitochondria are the "power plants" of a cell. They convert chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for a cell's use.
Lysosomes are small organelles that contain enzymes, a lysosome is able to remove waste that might clutter up the cell.
In plant cells, there are large sacs containing fluids known as vacuoles. The purpose of a vacuole in a plant cell is to allow the cell to support heavy structures such as leaves. In an animal cell, the vacuole's purpose is to contract rhythmically and pump excess water out of the cell.
Chloroplasts, in plant cells, take energy from sunlight and use it to form photosynthesis to produce nourishment for the cell.
The ribosomes of a cell are the site of protein synthesis and DNA reading.
Ribosomes are like the planning station of a gym, because it's where all the events and routines are managed.
The endoplasmic reticulum is like the spring floor of a gym, where routines are created/performed.
The Golgi apparatus is like the office where all the funds and paperwork are handled so gymnast can perform.
The mitochondria is like the generators in a gym that give the equipment and lights power.
Lysosomes are like the custodians in the gym who get rid of all the waste the gymnast accumulate.
A vacuole in a gym are like the chalk bowls that the gymnasts use to prevent from slipping on apparatuses.
Chloroplasts are like the spring boards that absorb the shock from a gymnasts jump and propel them up.
In plant cells, the cell wall gives the cell structure and regulates the entry and exit of molecules, it also prevents the cell from exploding because of hypotonic solutions.
The cell wall is similar to the outer ring of the gym floor where people walk.
Cilia and Flagella
In protists, the cilia and flagella help the cell to move from place to place.
The cilia and flagella are like the buses that are used to take the gymnast to events.
The rough ER surrounds the nucleus, lined with ribosomes, the cell's energy source, and to carry newly produced proteins.
Therefore, the rough ER would be aisles/seats in a gymnasium. The aisles/seats in a gymnasium would help get people to where they need to be, just like the rough ER helps get proteins to the Golgi apparatus.
The smooth ER is responsible for the synthesis of lipids and steroids.
A team doctor would represent the smooth ER. Sometimes when a player is injured, a doctor will create and or give players steroids.