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Psychoanalytic Approach to "Winter Dreams" by Fitzgerald
Transcript of Psychoanalytic Approach to "Winter Dreams" by Fitzgerald
Freud & Dreams
Psychoanalytic Approach to "Winter Dreams" by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Psychoanalytic Approach Explanation
Literary criticism which, in method, concept, theory, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud
Freud begins to analyze dreams in order to understand aspects of personality as they relate to pathology.
He believed that nothing you do occurs by chance; every action and thought is motivated by your unconscious at some level.
Urges and impulses must be released in some way
They have a way of coming to the surface in disguised forms: One way these urges and impulses are released is through your dreams.
3 Aspects of Mind
"Winter Dreams" by Fitzgerald
Analysis of "Winter Dreams"
“It is not so simple as that, either. As so frequently would be the case in the future, Dexter was unconsciously dictated to by his winter dreams.”
Dexter’s superego doesn't suppress his id when he dreams. Therefore, he is able to know what he actually wants in life, and he listens to his dreams because of this.
Analysis of "Winter Dreams"
Libido as a driving force for Dexter
“When she assured him that she had not kissed the other man, he knew she was lying-- yet he was glad that she had taken the trouble to lie to him.”
idea of psychosexual development
psychosexual energy, or, libido, was described as the driving force behind behavior
During the earliest phases of childhood, the libidinal drives have no definite sexual object.
Before gender of identity are established there is only the rule of the pleasure principle
Id - centered around primal impulses, pleasures, desires, unchecked urges, and wish fulfillment.
Ego - concerned with the conscious, the rational, the moral, and the self-aware aspect of the mind.
Superego - the censor for the id, which is also responsible for enforcing the moral codes of the ego.
"About Psychoanalysis." APSAA. American Psychoanalytic Association, n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. <http://www.apsa.org/About_Psychoanalysis.aspx>.
Brizee, Allen, and J. Case Tompkins. "Psychoanalytic Criticism (1930s-present)." Purdue Online Writing Lab. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/722/04/>.
Cherry, Kendra. "What Is Psychoanalysis?" About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. <http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/psychodynamic.htm>.
Selden, Raman, and Peter Widdowson. A Reader's Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory. Lexington: Univeristy of Kentucky, 1993. Print.
The Interpretation of Dreams
Freud's Structural Model