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Industrial Revolution

BY: Kate Nick Winter Lissette & Jonathan
by

Bethany Franklin

on 27 February 2015

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution

Timeline of Inventors:
Factory System:
Use of Machinery & Workers Together, in a large scale in a centralized location.
Effect on Workers (Factory Systems)
Market Revolution
Outwork Systems
were small parts of a larger production process and were carried out in individual homes (Important in shoe and boot making).Early Innovators of this approach were known as
The Boston Associates

Defining Characteristics:
Use of Unskilled Workers

Economies of Scale

Centralization

-1793 Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin
-1797 Whitney invents interchangeable parts for firearms
-1807 Robert Fulton invents the steamboat
-1823 Lowell Mills opens in Massachusetts
-1825 Erie Canal is completed
-1828 First U.S. railroad appears
-1834 Cyrus McCormick invents the mechanical mower-reaper National Trades Union forms
-1835 Samuel F. B. Morse invents the telegraph
-1837 Cumberland road (National Road) is completed
-1838 John Deere invents the steel plow
-1842 Massachusetts legalizes labor unions in Commonwealth v. Hunt
-1844 New England Female Labor Reform Association forms
-1846 Elias Howe invents the sewing machine
-1858 First transatlantic telegraph cable unites Europe and the Americas

$0.50
Monday, February 2, 1835
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Workers & Their Conditions
Labor Issues
Hours were long and wages were low
No
unions
existed to address these issues

Because of long hours, people became less intelligent and lost their communication skills
The New York Workingmen's Party
formed in 1829 and its goal was to reduce daily working hours to ten and people wanted no more than 60 hours of labor per week. Because of this, President van Buren established a ten hour working day.

was one of the important unions that formed during this time.
Case of Commonwealth vs. Hunt
As the economy improved, American labor took a step towards labor organizing and this resulted in new unions being formed.

The Order of the Knights of Labor
was one of the important unions that formed during this time.
Labor Issues & Women in the Workforce
1836 article on the New England factories: “The operatives work thirteen hours a day in the summer time, and from daylight to dark in the winter. At half past four in the morning the factory bell rings, and at five the girls must be in the mills. . . . So fatigued . . . are numbers of girls that they go to bed soon after receiving their evening meal, and endeavor by a comparatively long sleep to resuscitate their weakened frames for the toil of the coming day" (page 301).
child labor was 50% of the industrial force
desperate men, women, children = cheap labor
long hours
punishment (for speed)
fatal and maiming accidents
company towns
cheap rent & low wages
trapped the employee (could afford to live & a built in job)
garment industry:
sweatshops
horrible conditions
seamstresses sat side by side doing
piece work
crowded, hot, infestations, fires, strictly quiet
wage labor
strike:
a refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest (popular in 1830s)
a textiles sweatshop
WOMEN IN THE WORK FORCE:
-many women worked in textile factories/mills/education
-usually younger women (not married yet)
-1 out of 8 women of the age of eight called to work
-a small part were paid with goods rather then money
-paid ⅓ that man were paid
-new family roles
-no nurses on hand, wounds or injuries usually wrapped in cloths ripped of clothing

child laborers
CONTINUED:
Continued:
Market Revolution:
Due to the lack of skill and strength needed for a machine workers were seen as "easily replaceable"
Factory owners demanded fast production and since the machines and the methods were not designed for safety these actions ended in many fatal accidents and maimings.
The lack of labor laws allowed employers to force workers to work for long hours and little pay
Conditions in the factories such as high temperatures, lack of windows, cramped space, lack of breaks for workers, loud and dangerous machinery combined with the employers demand for faster work led to sickness, injury, and death
WORKS CITED:
"American Labor Movement." American Labor Movement. Web. 19
Feb. 2015.
Bailey, Thomas A., David M. Kennedy, and Lizabeth Cohen. The
American Pageant. 13th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006. Print.
"Economic Growth and the Early Industrial Revolution." US
History. Independence Hall Association, Web. 20 Feb. 2015.
Shmoop Editorial Team. “The Market Revolution.” Shmoop.com.
Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 25 Feb. 2015 Shmoop Editorial Team.
SparkNotes. SparkNotes, Web. 25 Feb. 2015.
"Working Conditions." The Social Studies Help Center. Ed. Bill
Jackson. Web. 22 Feb. 2015.

Guarantee of Supply

Standardization

LOWELL, MASSACHUSETTS (1823)
-was a textile mill
-preferred female labor because they paid the young
girls less than men ("LOWELL GIRLS")
-girls somewhat benefited by experiencing independence outside
the traditional male-dominated farming lifestyle
Factors of the Market Revolution:
-New Inventions
-
Cotton Gin
-
Mower-Reaper
-
Steel Plow
-Innovations
-Steamboat
-Different methods of productions
-Factories
-New
roads
and
canals
-American economy reached its climax





women working
Effects of the Market Revolution:
-Western Wheat farming
increased
-Factory amounts has increased
-Roads and Canals are more
commonly used
-Products we see today?
Activity:

You will be passed a card with a term and a definition from the presentation written on opposite sides (These do not match.) One of the presenters will call out their term someone in the audience will have the definition, they will read it and then read the term they have on their card. Someone else will have their definition and read it and so forth. There will be two rounds, (You will get a different card the second time) to match all of the terms and definitions up! This will test how well you payed attention & comprehended the presentation.
Full transcript