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Interpretation of the Role of a Sports Scientist [Shared]

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Ali Alatas

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Transcript of Interpretation of the Role of a Sports Scientist [Shared]

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Interpretation of the Role of a Sports Scientist
BSc (Hons.) COACHING FOR PERFORMANCE IN FOOTBALL
MOD003594 – Fundamentals of Sport Science in Coaching:
SID 1554570
Lecturer: James Baker

May 8, 2017
What
is
Sport
Science
?
“Sports science is a discipline that studies
how the healthy human body works during exercise
, and
how sport and physical activity promote health and performance
from
cellular to whole body perspectives
."
(University of Western Australia, 2016)
The study of sports science traditionally incorporates areas of:
Physiology
Psychology
Anatomy
Biomechanics
Biochemistry
Biokinetics
The role
of the sports
science departments is to apply techniques to

sporting
performance. 
enhance
Sports scientists:
DEVIS
E
ONDUCT
C
D
E
S
I
G
N
REF
E
R
AS
SIST
treatment and exercise programs that support an athlete's preparation and recovery, and assist sportspeople to return to training or competition
with psychological issues of motivation and stress
clients to medical and paramedical specialists such as orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologists and physiotherapists
or assist in designing training programs for sportspeople to improve sporting performance without causing injury, or to strengthen particular areas of the body
experiments, make observations and interpret data in relation to sporting performances, and communicate findings to officials, athletes, coaches and other support staff
(University of Western Australia, 2016)
The game
is
Changing
Across 7 seasons in the English Premier League, Barnes at al.(2014), reports:
High intensity running
distance
increased by
30%
Number of
actions
increased by
50%
Sprint
distance
increased by
35%
Number of
sprints
increased by
85%
Proportion of
explosive
sprints increased by
9%
Coaches and Sports Scientists
should be mindful of this
when developing training and conditioning plans…
In
my own
landscape
Changes on Sub Rules
heading in to the US Soccer Girls Academy
Means
players are spending more time on the field
coping with the demands of the game.
Roster
Numbers
Moments to make
substitutions
No Re-Entry
in the same half
Where the game is going in
Future
the
Higher
Intensity
So how does
Sport Science
Help?
Increase:
Pressure
S
Power
P
t
r
e
n
g
t
h
Trends of the game ie. Pressing
Repeated Sprint Ability
And rule Changes
How does
Technical
Sport Science
Contribute
Tactical
Biomechanical
Physical
Physiological
Performance Analysis
Physical / Skill Programming
Load Monitoring and Recovery
Musculoskeletal Screening / Pre-Hab
to apply the
Scientific
process into
How
practice
?
Identify what’s important
How do we train to develop these (Theory and Research)
How much time do we allocate with the players to spend on these areas
How to plan and structure the training environment
SPORT SCIENCE DEPARTMENT
SPORTS MEDICINE
PHYSICAL PREPARATION
PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS
MEASURE
PRESCRIBE
EVALUATE
Monitoring
Weekly
Practices
Weekly Questionnaire
Urine Testing
GPS
Heart Rate
Medical / Physio Screening
Neuro-Muscular Fatigue
Strength tests to assess recovery
Unravelling the
performance model
Applied
Sport Science
PERFORMANCE
PLAYER CHARACTERISTIC
TRAINING AND COMPETITION LOAD
ADAPTIVE RESPONSE
Different athletes respond differently to training and competition loads
Research is dedicated to finding how they differ and why
Discussion
Discussion
Finances and investment into sports Science
Buys better Players for the now
or
Patience for Effect
Turnover of Coaches and Their Philosophies / Comfort Level with Medicine and Technology
Teams lose coaches gets fired mixed messages to rest of staff
Owners facing relegation make drastic changes to recoup investments.
Preparation suffers from a short term focus
Application of sport science in soccer needs to deal with challenges and changes of landscape.
Con
fl
ict
at the
Club
level
Coaches are now MANAGERS
Has data taken over scouting of players?
There is an INFORMATION OVERLOAD
Coaches may not be able to make sense of data
Which means they may not be able to apply it effectively
Increases the importance of the Sports Science and Medicine department
More resources are necessary to support each individual player
Has lead to the dilemma of who has the final call, science or the Manager/Coach?
Have players found ways to manipulate the scenarios to affect overall impact of programming?
onclusions
C
At the grassroots level, the research into player development and skill acquisition can aid in the structure of training programs for the youngest player to ensure each stage of development has a sound scientific base.
You have to get the right people on the bus with in the correct seat!
At the highest level of the game…
Coaches can’t manage all of the facets of a functioning professional football club.
“Sports Science is the biggest and most important change in my lifetime”.
- Alex Ferguson (2014)
Full transcript