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Japanese Internment Camps
Transcript of Japanese Internment Camps
Americans, and to make sure they aren't able to
be used as Japanese spies during World War II. Reasons Americans were afraid
that the Japanese Americans
were spies that were going
against the United States, and
were going to attack the
American people. Locations Interments camps were located all to the west
of the Mississippi.
Most were located on the far west coast but
some were near the Mississippi. Japanese Americans before the war Before the war life was usually the same for Japanese Americans as other Americans. Those who were not yet US citizens were still thought to be less than other Americans though, and were not given land or much freedom, but this was how it was for all "aliens". In a census during 1937 it was found that 126,947 Japanese Americans were citizens by birth, which at the time was 62.7 percent of Japanese Americans. In addition it was found that 157,905 Japanese peope were located in U.S. territories. Beginning of Internment Camps On February 19th, 1942 President Roosevelt signed an order establishing the Japanese Internment camps. This ordered over 110,000 Japanese Americans to leave their homes and move to different camps around the western United States. Life at Internment Camps Life at the Internment camps were extremely indecent and not acceptable for living. Each block had 14 barracks, 1 mess hall, and 1 recreational hall outside, and bathrooms were located inside. The blocks were attempting to fit an extreme number of Japanese into a very small area. Each camp was set up into a series of blocks. There was also a barbed wire fence surrounding every camp to make sure that no one was able to leave. End of Internment Camps In December 1944 there was an official proclamation stating that in
January of 1945 all Japanese Americans would be allowed to return to
their homes, wherever they may be. The Japanese Americans were just expected to go back to their old lifes as though nothing had happened, without any jobs or money. Life for Japanese Americans after camps In 1948 the government made their first small step by paying the Japanese Americans a small amount of money for the property that they had lost during their time of internment. They gave them each 10 cents for every dollar that they had lost. This was a small step for our government though and there was not much action taken after this for quite some time. Then finally, in 1988 and 1993 the United states gave formal apologies and a larger sum of money, a total of $20,000 dollars to former internees. This seems wasted though since most of the people affected by the camps had long since passed away. Internment camp horror stories February 27, 1942
Idaho Governor Chase Clark sates that Japanese would only be welcome in Idaho if they were in "concentration camps under military guard." May 1, 1942
Journalist James Omura writes a letter to a Washington law firm inquiring about legal action against the government for violation of civil and constitutional rights. He was unable to pay $3,500 for something that may have allowed for the camps to be ended.
May 13, 1942
Fourty-five-year-old Ichiro Shimoda is shot to death by guards while trying to escape from Fort Still internment camp. The victim was seriously mentally ill and had attempted suicide twice since arriving at the camp, he was shot despite the guards knowledge of his condition. May 16, 1942
Hikoji Takeuchi is shot by guards in Manzanar. He was collecting scrap lumber and did not hear the guard shout for him to return since he had gone outside of his boundaries he had been facing the guard when he was shot. July 27, 1942
2 Japanese internees are shot to deat by guards who stated the men had been trying to escape. It was later found out that the men had just been to ill to walk from the train station to the camp gate. April 11, 1943
A 63 year old internee is shot to death by a senty when allegedly trying to escape, it was later found out that he was inside the gate and facing the guard when he was shot. The guard was then put on trial and found "not guilty." May 24, 1944
Shoichi James Okamoto is shot to death by a guard after stopping a construction truck at the main gate for permission to pass. The guard was later fined 1 dollar for "unauthorized use of company property"(a bullet). January 8, 1945
The packing shed of the Doi family is burned, dynamited, and shot. The family was the first to be allowed to leave the internment camps. Some 30 more similar instances occured in the following months. Bibliography www.pbs.org www.wikipedia.com www.momomedia.com www.havenwork.com www.bookmice.com