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kate higgins

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of THE GREAT WAR

Every Major European Power
Due to the Russians withdraw from the war, the Germans decide to make a final gamble. In July of 1918, the Germans are able to get within 35 miles of Paris, but an Allied counter-attack defeats the Germans at the Second Battle of the Marne. The Allies then begin a slow march towards Germany. When the Allies deny the sue for peace, the Germany government goes through reform and armistice is agreed. The war never truly ended though.
Monday, July 28, 1914
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Tensions in Eastern Europe have reached the limit
Did it really end?
The struggle to gain overseas territories between the great powers of Europe promotes rivalries between countries. Nation states in this process only tend to look out for themselves.
Internal dissent
The ethnic minorities in Austria-Hungary are being oppressed but are showing a lot of national pride in an attempt to gain their own independent state.
Growth of large armies makes countries nervous, especially the enemies of these large armies, so they build a large army as well. Army growing puts army leaders in a position of more power and influence.
Crisis in the Balkans
The states in south eastern Europe free themselves from Ottoman rule. Austria-Hungary and Russia compete for the possession of these new states.
Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
The Black Hand, Serbian nationalists, assasinate the heir to the throne of Austria and his wife.
Woodrow Wilson attempts to shift the discussion of war aims from territorial gain to a higher ground with his plan of the "Fourteen Points". Final peace settlement consists of agreements with the 5 defeated nations - Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire with the Treaty of Versailles. Germany and Austria are declared responsible for the war and Germany has to pay reparations. Germany also looses a large amount of their army and territory (including overseas territory). Austria-Hungary empire is disbanded and new independent nations are created. The ending of the war created a 20 year period of tension that resulted in a second world war.

Austria seeks Germany's help, and Germany responds with a blank check. The chief of Austria-Hungary General Staff sends Serbia an ultimatum with the threat of war. Serbia rejects the severe demands of the ultimatum, so Austria declares war on Serbia. Russia joins the war of alliances by supporting Serbia, they then order a full mobilization of the army to entice Germany to join the war. Germany sees this as a threat and joins the war. Germany declares war against France with the Schlieffen Plan. This was a plan to attack France by moving troops through Belgium, a neutral state. Britain then declares war on Germany because they violated the neutralization of Belgium. The ultimate outcome is all of the great powers are now engaged in a war that has divided up Europe. The Allies: Russia, United States of America, Great Britain, France. The Central Powers: German Empire, Austria-Hungary, Italy.
Spielvogel, Jackson J. "Chapter 25." Western Civilization, Alternate Volume: Since 1300 (AP® Edition), 9th Edition. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print.
French troops with their machine guns amongst the ruins of a church near the Marne, driving back the Germans.
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