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Copy of The Golden Age of China: The Tang & Song Dynasties

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Elizabeth PC

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Golden Age of China: The Tang & Song Dynasties

The Tang and Song Dynasties
by:Maya Bain
Golden Age?
The Tang Dynasty
The Song Dynasty
depts.washington.edu
paulnoll.com
Built an empire far larger than that of the earlier Han empire
Founded by: Zhao Kuangyin
fearless warrior/military commander
collected books during his campaigns, revealed the revival of education during the song dynasty
was renamed
Taizu
history.cultural-china.com
Government
sought to rebuild and expand the imperial bureaucracy
The many achievements seen throughout the Tang and Song Dynasties provide evidence that their eras were in fact a Golden Age in Chinese History.
The building of the Grand Canal
extension of Tang control into Asia opened up silk routes between China and Persia
merchants and sailors carried Chinese trade overseas
Junks

well built vessels used
by Chineses merchants
and sailors for trade
boatdesign.net
Began using a system known as flying money, which were credit vouchers that could be turned in for reimbursement at cities of destination
Trade
Agriculture
Rulers of both dynasties encouraged the spread of agriculture
established state regulated irragation and embankment systems
canals such as the Grand Canal enabled the transportation of crops throughout the Empire
introduced new seeds
more thorough soil preparation
multiple cropping and improved water control techniques
use of the wheelbarrow made plowing, planting and harvesting more efficient
Emperors
1st Tang Emperor
Li Yuan
history.cultural-china.com
Tang Taizong
son of Li Yuan
brilliant general and government reformer
China's most admired emperor
Wu Zhao
helped restore Han system of uniform government
s14.invisionfree.com
Commerce spread
led to urban growth throughout the rest of China
fiatplanet.wordpress.com
en.wikipedia.org
Women
Women had a higher status during the Tang and Song dynasties
wives/mothers had greater authority
history.cultural-china.com
elders held substantial power, especially males
children faced severe punishment for striking their elders and syblings
enforced order in the household
During the Song and Tang dynasties, Confucian values and beliefs were widespread
the skill of poetry was a key part in expressing these beliefs
Li Bo
perhaps the greatest Tang poet

wrote around 2,000 poems
poems emphasized nature's
importance and the passing
of time
china-tour.cn
history.cultural-china.com
Du Fu
wrote of the horrors of war
absolutechinatours.com
Li Qingzhao
Poetry
asn.am
chinatouristmaps.com
first use of paper money emerged during the Tang dynasty
the Abacus
chinainfoonline.com
invented explosive powder, often was used in fireworks
New Technologies
chinancient.com
Bi Sheng
devised a technique of printing with movable type
aggas2nd.blogspot.com
computersmiths.com
promoted interests of the scholar-gentry class
Education
civil service exams
chinancient.com
number of educated scholars was much greater than those in the Han era
examination system was greatly expanded
many emperors of the Tang era patronized Buddhism and promoted education in the Confucian classics
endowed monasteries and sent
missionaries to India to collect
texts and Buddhist paintings/sculptures
Religion
history.ubc.ca
Empress Wu
huge pagodas were built
web-japan.org
revived Confucian ideas
neo-Confucians emerged, such as
Zhu Xi- influenced the innovation
and critical thinking of the people
of China during the Song dynasty
history.cultural-china.com
Song Dynasty Reforms
Wang Anshi
history.cultural-china.com
Tang Dynasty Reforms
introduced cheap loans and government-assisted irrigation projects
taxed landlord/ scholarly classes
tried reorganizing university education/ the examination system
supervised hours/marketing methods of centers of commerce
history.cultural-china.com
Executive department
six ministries: war justice and public works included
Bureau of Censors
kept track of officials at all levels
and reported their failings/misdeeds
administered by the Ministry of Rites
given every three years
Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism won widespread conversions- refuge for age of war/turmoil


Zen Buddhism was well-liked by the elite/educated classes of China
new laws allowed women to have more defense, such as:
divorce by mutual consent
having more indedendence from the control of their husbands
biography-center.com
similar to the revival of poetry during the Italian Renaissance
compared to famous poets such as Francesco Petrarch
Tang
Song
Emperor Xuanzong
took interest in political and economical reform
pushed for support of the arts
he himself patronized many musicians
Similar to the stress seen on education during the Italian Renaissance:
emphasized humanities: topics such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry and history
education14.blogspot.com
Emperors instituted land reform systems
broke up large agricultural holdings- land given to peasants
thus strengthening central government
allowed for an increased
production of books
Connections to the Italian Renaissance
The Printing Revolution
Johann Gutenberg developed the printing press
more books available due to mass production
more people learned how to read
historyguide.org
renaissanceconnection.org
history.culture-china.com
ensured that they had enough food
for themselves and to pay taxes
Family
political power shared by imperial families and bureaucrats of the civil service system
Key
enlarged civil
service system
We can now conclude....
Due to the many advancements and achievements exhibited throughout the rise of the Tang and Song Dynasties, the era was considered a Golden Age in history. Both dynasties had a lasting influence on the development of Chinese culture and cultures around the world.
educated in the Confucian classics
revived interest in the teaching of the classical learning of Greece and Rome
state.gov
similar to....
Italian Renaissance Trade
Location of Italy encouraged trade with Eastern Mediterranean, Northern Africa, Northern Europe
banking,manufacturingand merchant networks developed
provided wealth that fueled the Renaissance
extended family households were preferred
Additional Sources
Confucianism emerged as the central belief of Chinese Civilization
even unseated her sons for the throne
laid the basis for
the Golden Age of
the Tang
peasant families were
granted plots of land to
grow their own crops
whose works informed the western world of Cicero, Homer, and Virgil
Full transcript