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A Timeline of French-English Relations
Transcript of A Timeline of French-English Relations
• The french Canadians did not feel any tie or connection to Britian or France. WWI - 1914 Conscription Crisis 1917 • French Canadians did not like the idea
of conscription because they did not feel
any relation between themselves and GB
• English Canadians thought that the French
Canadians were acting disloyal to Canada
and the two groups resented each other over
this issue. Union Nationale - 1921 • Duplessis wanted more provincial power
over Quebec's economic policies & ownership
• 30% of Montreal's workforce was unemployed,
French Canadians blamed the English speaking minority in Quebec and the federal government. WWII - 1939 • Once again the french canadians were against fighting
in World war Two because they did not feel any need to
risk their lives with foreign affairs that did not concern them. Conscription crisis - 1944 • This time around, Primeminister King made huge efforts
to avoid further tension between french and english Canada.
• To make everyone happy King said, "Not neccessarily conscription,
but conscription if neccessary."
• When conscription was enforced the French Canadians were not as
violent or mad because they recognized that PM King had paid attention
to French Canadian's opinions. The Quiet Revolution - 1960 • A time of significant change in Quebec took place with Jean Lesage as their leader.
• Three main improvements that Lesage focused on were:
(1) Improved economy
(2) Improved social standards
(3) Recognition of the large French speaking Quebecois.
• "On est capable" , "We can do it" and "Maitrez chez nous", "Masters of our own house" were
popular phrases during this time that represented a new, can do attitude that the French Canadians
adopted. Jean Lesage - 1960 • Lesage was elected the premier of Quebec as a Liberal leader.
He accomplished a number of great things including the nationalization
of Hydro-Electric, improved working conditions, and transformed Quebec
from being traditional to more secular. He created the Ministry of Education
and gave the provincial government control over Quebec's own affairs FLQ - 1963 • Radical group of seperatists
• Used terrorism to achieve their ultimate goal (soveignty)
• Thier famous expression was, "Quebec Libre" - Free Quebec Bi AND Bi Commision - 1963 • Pearson set up the "Royal Commision on Bilingualism and Biculturalism"
to examine French - English relations in Canada.
• Pearson feared a break up so he made up a number of recommendations to
try and improve French - English relations.
• The recommendations included the following:
- That Ontario and New Brunswick become officially bilingual.
- That bilingual districts be created in regions of Canada where members of the minority community, either French or English, made up 10% or more of the local population.
- That parents be able to have their children attend schools in the language of their choice in regions where there is sufficient demand.
- That Ottawa become a bilingual city.
- That English and French be declared official languages of Canada. New flag - 1965 • French Canadians hated the old flag, the Union Jack and the
Red Ensign because of the flags close association with the British
Empire, and as well as the conquest of New France in 1759. Parti quebecois / Rene Levesque - 1968 • Rene Levesque formed this party and he was the Quebecois hero because the sole purpose of this party was
to seperate from the rest of Canada.
• He passed Bill 101 to make French "the normal and everyday language of work, instruction, communication, commerce and business."
• The party failed to have Quebec seperate in the 1980 referendum. Official Languages Act - 1969 • Trudeau declared bilingualism the most important issue in
French - English realations.
• The Act guarenteed both english and french canadians could
deal with the federal government in their own language. 1980 Referendum • This referendum was a vote that the province of Quebec participated in to determine if Quebec would seperate or not
• The province of Quebec was 60% against seperation and 40% for seperation.
• This referendum tore families and friends apart and increased tension between
the french and english canadians.
• Trudeau made a promise to the french speaking people of Quebec to make a reform
the constitution in favour of the french speaking Quebeckers. Meech Lake accord - 1987 • Mulroney promised to end bitterness between Quebec and the rest of Canada.
• He proposed that Quebec was to be recognized as a distinct society in Canada and
was to be given a few special powers of it's own.
• By June 23, 1990 the agreement was dead. Charolettetown Accord - 1992 • Quebeckers interpreted the defeat of the Meech Lake Accord as a
rejection of Quebec by the rest of Canada.
• A new agreement was written out and this time included:
- aboriginal rights, and protection of minorities and the same
kinds of offers that were included in the Meech Lake Accord.
• Canada voted 54.4% NO and 44.6% YES so the agreement failed
once again Bloc Quebecois - formed in 1991 but elected in 1993 • Like Parti Quebecois this party had only one aim: for Quebec to seperate from
the rest of Canada.
• Reform leader said, "People are saying yes to a fair language policy, but no to
forced bilinhualism. 1995 Referendum • Public opinion across Canada was deeply divided.
• "No" supporters came to Montreal from every corner of Canada for a unity rally
a week before the referendum.
• 50.6% NO / 49.4% YES
• Canadians were alarmed at how close Quebec came to seperating from Canada. Timeline of French English Relations