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Immigration to US: 1800-1860

Maya K, Phoebe R, Jenny C

Maya Kapur

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Immigration to US: 1800-1860

Immigration to U.S. 1800-1860 Who Immigrated The immigrants were:
60% male
mostly between the ages of 15-29
looking to escape European poverty since there was more labor in the US The two largest groups who immigrated were
the Irish and the Germans. The large floods of immigrants didn't start arriving until 1830. That's also when the US started recording more precise immigration statistics. German Immigration Who were the German Immigrants? over 5 million came in the during the century
many came after a revolution in 1848 in Germany
most were somewhat wealthy
most were Protestant, but a significant minority was Roman Catholic
they moved mostly to the Midwest (St. Louis, Baltimore, NYC)
many became Democrats Germans in America Irish Immigration Antiforeignism & Nativism What is Antiforeignism? antiforeignsism and nativism started as a prejudice against Roman Catholics
it peaked between 1830-1850
stimulated by fears of French and Spanish in the New World
it created a political party whose main goal was to stop the flow of immigration Know-Nothing Party also known as the American Party, they felt that immigrants posed a threat to natives (Protestants)
their goal was to limit the amount of immigrants allowed into America through laws
ex. they attempted to increase the time you had to wait before being allowed to apply for citizenship to twenty-one years
lasted for about ten years; peaked in 1855 but fell apart the next year over the issue of slavery Affects of Antiforeignism foreigners were treated poorly, but the Irish were treated the worst due to their poverty, religion and their drinking
Irish were often discriminated against when it came to work; many job offers would say "No Irish Need Apply" or NINA
nearly all Irish were Roman Catholic, as were a significant minority of the Germans
nativists wrote books filled with propaganda that accused the Catholics of doing horrible things, including killing babies. These books sold many thousands of copies.
i834-Catholic Covenant in Boston was burned down by a mob
1844- two churches were burned, with dozens killed or wounded over two days of fighting in Philadelphia Who were the Irish Immigrants? Ireland was affected by European wars from 1793-1815 and lost money and jobs after food prices dropped at the end of the wars
1845 Potato Famine lead to starvation and death across Ireland
they came to the US in order to escape extreme poverty and starvation.
while typically young, the Irish were unprepared for urban life as they had previously been farmers
most were very poor
most were Catholic
they moved primarily to the eastern seaboard cities (Boston, NYC) because they could not afford land Irish in
America worked low skill jobs
men were house servants or construction workers
women were domestic servants
life expectancy was low
because of lack of money, education was not a priority; however, parish schools were created in order to ensure their children's faith
In the Old Country, the Irish Catholic resistance against English denomination taught the Irish poitics
they got political control over Tammany Hall (political corruption) Other Immigrants French most immigrants moved to the North East
about 470,150 French immigrated between 1840-1860
many left to avoid high taxes or military service
many traveled in families
mostly worked as farmhands, lumberjacks or bricklayers Chinese started in 1850s
came for a better life and economic opportunities (jobs)
attracted by Gold Rush in the West
most built railroads, gold mines, garment factories and farming
a few hundred thousand came British large scale immigration began in 1850's
250,000 British immigrated in the 50's, which was 10% of total immigration
unknown amount were Irish who immigrated to Britain first
came because of huge growth of British population and a slowing of the industrial revolution Impact on American Culture by 1860, an estimated 1.3 German-born immigrants were in the US
200 German-language magazines and newspapers
nearly one million Germans arrived in the 1850s
1821- Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny and eggs were introduced to America
First kindergarten founded Other Influences 1857- Adolphus Busch founded Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association, an industry giant with holding across the country
German wealth helped stimulate the economy
affected Presidential race
founded first diocesan school in America
German immigrants created many utopian societies
also invented Conestoga wagon and the Kentucky rifle
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