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Transatlantic Slave Trade
Transcript of Transatlantic Slave Trade
The Transatlantic slave Trade/The Triangular Trade
~ The three stages of the Triangular slave trade are named after the triangular shape that it created on the map
By: Jade Scully, Shivani Sharma and Monali Patel
~The first stage of the Triangular Trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa like cloth, tobacco, spirit, cowrie shells, metal goods,beads, and guns. The guns were used to expand empires and obtain more and more slaves. All of these goods were exchanged for African slaves.
Consequences For The Perpetrators
Countries Involved In The Atlantic Slave Trade
An overview of the
Transatlantic Slave Trade
~The second Stage of this trading process involved transporting the African Slaves to the Americas
Brazil and The Caribbean were used as trade stops on the way from Africa to America. Both Brazil and The Caribbean had large slave plantations where they harvested sugar cane.
In Brazil sugar cane was a very important crop for export to both the new and old world. It was originally transplanted into Brazil in the 1540s.
Sugar cane plantations first appeared in The Caribbean in the 1640s. It became an important crop for the economy and with it's export there was an import of slaves. Although soon the white plantation owners feared a rebellion due to the overpowering number of black slaves.
Life On The Ship
While being shipped across the Atlantic Ocean, many African slaves died. The slaves were packed in tight, small spaces. They packed as many slaves as they could on a boat to make more profit. They were tightly secured by their wrists and ankles to the hard wooden boards. The space where the slaves were kept were filthy. This caused diseases to be easily spread around to others. The journey from Africa to the different countries took around 35-50 days in the 17th century.
Captains decided how much food was given to the slaves; the more food given to the slaves means a lower profit.
BRAZIL AND THE CARIBBEAN
Between about 1500 and 1900, Europeans forced millions of people from throughout West and Central Africa and shipped them across the Atlantic in extremely cruel conditions. To refer to the Africans who were enslaved only as 'slaves' which stripped them of their identity. They were, for instance, farmers, merchants, priests, smiths and musicians. They were husbands and wives, fathers and mothers, sons and daughters.
~ Africans (mostly from the west)
The Ending Of The Transatlantic Slave Trade
In 1807 the British government passed a bill ending the slave trade. A year later, United States also restricted the transfer of slaves. To enforce these laws both countries patrolled the waters off the coast of Africa, stopping suspected slave traders and taking away the ship when slaves were found. The action did not stop the trading of slaves between nation's, but it did stop trading slaves overseas.
~ The final stage of this stage involved the return to Europe with the slave trade production of plantations such as sugar, tobacco, cotton, and rum
Consequences For The Africans
Africans had been traded as slaves for many centuries before the slave trade. The Transatlantic Slave Trade began around the mid-15th century when the Portuguese interests in Africa moved from gold to slaves. By the 17th century, many countries had joined in and were shipping Africans to their home land to sell as slaves.
~The Africans lost their common language and religion
~Had to face racism and had to overcome life threatening consequences everyday
~Had to be separated from close family and friends
~ Had to live in inhuman conditions
~The unequal relationship was gradually created as a consequence of enslavement for Africans
~ Acquired many diseases
~ More than 12 million Africans died
~ Had to find new people to work in the position of the Africans
~ Deep social divides between Africans and the invading countries
~ People in the slave trade business had to find new jobs
In the Americas, besides their considerable riches, free labor created for others, the importation and subsequent of enslavement of the Africans would be the major factor of resettlement in different countries. American ports sent out less than five percent of all known voyages. Nobody knows the total number of people who died during the wars in Africa or the slave raiding, but
during imprisonment and transportation, the horrendous conditions during the so-called Middle Passage, (the voyage from Africa to the Americas). Over 30,000 voyages have been documented from Africa to the Americas.
The main European countries involved in the Transatlantic Slave Trade were: Britain, France, The Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, and Spain.
Some of these countries in recent years have acknowledge and recognized the pain they caused these people and have compensated some for it with memorials. Although despite the historical importance slavery has there are still very few memorials built.
Britain in the beginning supplied slaves for the Spanish and Portuguese colonists in America. British involvement expanded rapidly in response to the demand for labour on sugar plantations in Barbados and other British West Indian islands. They finally abolished the slave trade in 1807.
France in the slave trade mainly took slaves from Africa and transferred them to the French Caribbean colonies. They also created a decree called
('Black Code') this provided formal regulations for the treatment of slaves. Slavery was finally outlawed in France in 1848.
The Netherlands as well as Denmark and Norway did not have many slaves in their colonies, they were however very involved in the trafficking of these slaves to other countries involved in the slave trade. Slavery was officially abolished in the Netherlands by 1863 and in Denmark and Norway by 1803 (the first countries to abolish slavery).
Portugal was the first European country to trade in slaves from Africa. Mostly these slaves were brought to Portugal to work in fields and on sugar plantations, soon though demand for slaves in Brazil were high so they transferred a majority of them there. Although Spain unlike Portugal did not have forts set up in Africa so they instead had to rely on other European slave trading countries to provide their colonies with slaves. Slavery was abolished in 1886.