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Transcript of Government Elections
To explain the electoral processes in the UK
To investigate the voting process
Most Common types of Election in the UK
1. General Election
2. Local elections
3. Police Commissioners
4. Mayor of London (London only)
5. Election to the Scottish Parliament
6. Election to the European Parliament
Election to offices in the House of Commons and Lords
This occurs when ALL the seats in the House of Commons are contested
The next General Election will be on 7 May 2015
The Bill which received Royal assent on 15/09/2011 provides for five-year
It can occur sooner if there is a vote of no confidence in the government or 2/3 of the House vote for a change
Usually every 4 years
Not all elections are at the same time
Who can Stand in a General Election?
1. You must be over 21
2. You must be a British Citizen
3. You must be nominated by at least 10 registered electors in the constituency you wish to stand
4. You must have authorisation from the party you are representing (unless standing as an independent)
5 You must pay a deposit of £500 (you get this back if you gain 5% of the vote
You cannot stand if you are serving a prison sentence of over 12 months
An MP (Member of Parliament) represents a constituency
MP's and Constituencies
What is a constituency?
There are 650 MPs - how many constituencies are there?
N.B there are only 146 female MPs
Your Local MPs
Jamie Reed MP for Copeland
Jamie is Shadow Health Minister
Tony Cunningham MP for Allerdale
Voting in a General Election
How to cast your vote
Proxy - get someon else to do it
First Past the Post System
This is used in most elections in Britain
When you enter the polling station you are checked to see if you are on the
You are given a card with the names of the candidates on it.
You select the candidate you want to vote for and put a Cross by the candidates name.
You then put your voting slip in a sealed box
This usually takes place in the Town Hall, Civic Hall or a Sports Hall in the main town of the constituency (Whitehaven Civic Hall)
All the ballot boxes from the polling stations are brought here
The votes are counted by tellers. Candidates or their reps watch and the returning officer ensures fair play and that no boxes have been tampered with
And the Winner is?
The candidate who polls the most votes is the winner and will represent that constituency in Parliament
As a result of this, Jamie Reed was elected
The Big Picture
The party with the most MPs is asked by the Queen to form a Government provided they have an OVERALL majority
In 2010 general election the Conservatives had the most MPs, but did not have an overall majority. They formed a coalition with the Liberal Democrats.
What is a General Election?
Think of or find out as many political parties as you can.
(Don't forget Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland)
Give some examples of Local Elections
What are Police Commissioners?
What is the name of our local police commissioner.
What does he do?
In your groups can you think of the advantages and disadvantages of fixed terms?
Debate:- Should ex-convicts be allowed to stand as MP's
Should all prisoners be given the vote in a general election?
Question:- If the Conservatives had the most MP's why did they not have an overall majority?
P3 - Explain the electoral processes in the UK
M2 - compare the electoral processes used in different levels of government in the UK
Task:- In your groups can you work out how you cast your vote in the UK at a general Election. Use the cards on the table to help