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The Constitution

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Trevor Buscher

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of The Constitution

SEVEN ARTICLES
1. Legislature Branch

2. Executive Branch

3. Judicial Branch

4. Relations Among the States

5. Provisions for Amendment

6. National Debts,Supremacy of National Law, Oath

7. Ratification of Constitution
The Constitution
Article 1
Legislative Branch
Establishes the Legislative Branch which is also called the Congress
Congress is made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives
Article 1 gives Congress its powers and limits.
Congress is the branch of the government who make laws for the country

ARTICLE 1 SUMMARY
A Senators term is for six years and there are two per state for a total of 100.

Each Senator will have one vote

A House of Representatives term is for two years with a total of 435 members.

The number of representatives each state has is based on the population.

Larger states have more members and more votes.

Article 1 How it work
It describes how the Congress is setup
How laws are made
Explains the power that Congress has

1. Taxes are collected
2. Print the money we use.
3. The regulate the United States Post Office
4. They can call out the National Guard for Natural disasters
5. Regulated trade between states and other countries.

Summary Of Article 2
 Creates the Executive Branch
 Made up of the President and Vice President
 States the Powers and Duties

How Article 2 Works
• States how the President and Vice President are elected
• Enforces the laws that are created by congress and interpreted by the judicial branch
• The President has sworn to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States of America.

Article 2
Important to Know
• Learn About the Presidential Election Process
• The Powers of the President
• Duties of the President

Article 2
How It Works Today
1. The Electoral College is still used to elect the President

2. The President is the Commander of all the Military forces

3. Appoint Judges to the Supreme Court

4. You must 35 years old, and be a born in the United States to become President

5. Makes treaties

Article 3
Judicial Branch
Article 3
Summary
• The Judicial Branch is made up of one Supreme Court many inferior courts.
• The Judicial Branch interprets the law
• States what power that the courts have
• Defines Treason and states that Congress has the power to set the punishment for traitors.

Article 3
How It Works
Article 2
Executive Branch

Article 1
At Work Today
Article 1
Important To Know
People bring disagreements to the court
The Judges determine whether the law and case are constitutional
They follow the law to decide what the outcome of the case should be
Article 4
Relation's Among
The States
Article 5
Provisions for Amendment

Article 6
National Debts, Supremacy of National Law, Oath
Article 7 Ratification of Constitution
Article 3
Important To Know
Article 3
At Work Today
The constitution gives the courts the power to hear cases
The Supreme Court and higher courts don't have power over most cases.
Deal with Treason's
Jurisdiction of state
Trial by jury
Deal with Lower courts
Article 4
Summary
Article 4
How It Works
Article 4
Important To Know
Article 4
At Work Today
Article 5
Summary

Article 5
How It Works


Relations among States.
Responsibilities and duties to the federal government for each State.
Protection against invasion
United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government.
Protect each of them against invasion.
Application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence
States are not able to start wars between themselves and that they are protected by the government.
1. Helps with trade between states.
2. Keeps peace between states.
3. Helps with how money runs in the states.
4. Helps make brand new states in the country.
5. You have Credit and Full Faith.

The only way the Constitution can be changed is by adding an amendments.
House of Representatives and the Senate must approve a two-thirds supermajority vote.
Joint resolution amending the Constitution.
Amendments approved do not require the signature of the President of the United States and are sent directly to the states for ratification
Article 5
Important to Know
Without this law people would change the constitution.
Thousands of proposals have been made to amend the Constitution.
33 obtained the necessary two-thirds vote in Congress. Of those 33, only 27 amendments (including the Bill of Rights) have been ratified
Article 5
At Work Today
1.How we submit new laws today.
2. Makes it hard to make changes.
3. Has not change at this time.
4. Not one group will have more power.
5. 2/3 of the states have to agree.

Article 6
Summary

Debts or engagements that the country had before adopting the Constitution are valid.
Constitution is the highest law and that all officers and judges have to uphold the Constitution.
Article 6
How it works
Establishes the Constitution, the laws, and treaties of the US made as law of the land.
Forbids a religious test for holding a governmental position.
Holds the United States under the Constitution responsible for debts incurred.
Article 6
Important to Know
Mandates that all state judges must follow federal law when a conflict arises between federal law and either the state constitution or state law of any state
Article 6
At Work Today
1. Makes it so we have laws.
2. Court’s Check and Balance.
3. Conflicts with laws
4. Judges takes oaths to protect the law
5. Treaties are considered valid

Article 7
Summary
This is the final article of the Constitution.
Article explains how states need to ratify the Constitution if unanimous.
Article 7
How it Works

Ratification process is that the approval of no less than 9 states – out of the total 12 – would be required for the ratification of Amendments.
Article 7
Important to Know

The years were 1787 and 1788. Great debates took place through the America’s thirteen states in the state ratifying conventions.

Seven Principles of the Constitution

Goals in Use

• Definition – A government, in which the people rule, based on the idea of classical liberalism.
• This means they participate by voting.
• Example – People can run for office, campaign for individuals who run, or protest decisions made by others.

Popular Sovereignty
Limited Government
• Definition – Everybody has to follow the same laws, even members of the government.
If a Representative killed a man, he would face a trial just like everybody else

Separation of powers
• Definition – Divides the roles of government into 3 branches, Executive, Legislative, and Judicial.
• Why? So that one person or one group of people do not control everything and become too powerful

Checks and Balances
• Definition – Each of the 3 branches of government has a little control, or check, on the other 2 branches.
• This balances power between the 3, ensuring that none of the branches get out of control.

Example – Federal judges are nominated by the President, but have to be approved by Congress
Republican
• Definition – People vote for people to represent their views. (Representative Government)
• You can’t have the whole population vote on everything, so you vote on people who share similar beliefs and allow them to vote

Federalism
• Definition – A system of government in which powers are shared by the state and national government.
• In our system, the national government does have ultimate authority, but states have a lot to say in what goes on as well.
• Powers for the national government = delegated powers,
• Powers for the state government = reserved powers,
• Powers shared between the national and the states are concurrent powers.

Individual Rights
• Definition – Personal liberties and privileges that people are born with and cannot be taken away.
The Bill of Rights, the first Ten Amendments, was created to list out all of these rights so people know when the governments tries to take them away

The purpose was to develop a democratic nation with all peoples given the same rights
More Perfect Union
Establish Justice
Treat every individual fairly without regard to race, creed, heritage or financial means. All citizens must follow the same laws and be given equal protection under them.
Ensure Domestic Tranquility
The primary goals of law enforcement are to protect the lives and property of citizens.
Provide for the Common Defense
A defense system has been necessary since the founding of the country Ex: Army, Navy,
Marines.
Promote the General Welfare
Federal programs exist to promote the well being of Americans.
Ex:Social Security
Secure the Blessings of Liberty
United States wanted to live a life of liberty with the freedom to do as they wished.
Constitution Today
The government maintains its efforts to guarantee the rights of the citizens and protect their lives and liberties.
Full transcript