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V.C tactics against the USA; Underground tunnels.

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Sam Phillips

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of V.C tactics against the USA; Underground tunnels.

How effective were Underground Tunnels and booby traps in the fight against the USA? Use of Australian Sappers to help identify and defuse booby traps also discovered underground tunnels; Sandy Macgregor.
Use of tear gas to flush out the VC and smoke to find entrances. Tunnel rats with gas masks. Explosives used to destroy the tunnels .
The tunnel rats would also sieze important documents which provided intelligence for US forces.
From history.com http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/operation-cedar-falls-is-launched on OPERATION CEDAR FALLS 'The operation ended with 711 of the enemy reported killed and 488 captured. Allied losses were 83 killed and 345 wounded. The operation lasted for 18 days'. This shows US were combating the tunnels.
Following the failure of the Tet offensive 45,000 NVA/VC killed - tunnel system in the Iron Triangle was left un attended as the VC could not man them, VC used caves instead or went across the border to Cambodia. They needed enough men to defend the tunnels from US tunnel rates and they also needed lots of men to rebiuild tunnels that took up to 20 years to make. Evidence they were not effective, evidence that the US developed strategies to combat the tunnels Tunnels so deep that close to half of those in tunnels survived the bombs of B-52's meaning they were effective against US tactics.
Tunnels were under bases by 1967 tunnels had expanded despite efforts of the sappers and there were tunnels under Saigon for example the commander of VC would operate undetected in Saigon - his house was next to the US embassy and the tunnel entrance too - TRAN BACH DANG
TET offensive - Dang 'tunnels served as the staging area for the Tet offensive' The Tet offensive was a turning point for Vietnam, as the US public began to question the war and led to a de-escalation of the war in the long term. Walter Cronkite for example.
Chu Chi tunnels now a national monument , Le Van Quang - 'Chi served not only as a battlefront but was a symbol of determination and gave the VC courage to fight the American soldiers. Evidence that the tunnels were effective Shows American troops were frustrated by use of Booby traps and underground tunnels.
The guerrilla tactics led to paranoia that could the book argues led to atrocities and the feeling that all Vietnamese were helping the VC.
The massacre and other atrocities then had the effect of turning the Vietnamese peasants against the US troops and so more likely to help VC. This makes VC tactics effective…….. 4 hours in My Lai by Michael Bilton, Kevin Sim Evaluation? How effective were underground tunnels and booby traps? Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Vietnam in HD - EPS 3 'Tet' VIP PROGRAM

The VIP (Volunteer Informant Program)proved to be an effective counter-measure tothe enemy's mine and boobytrap efforts. This program rewarded Vietnamese individualswith cash who turned in dud and abandoned munitions, or reported the location of mines or
booby traps.

This program significantly decreased the Viet Cong capacity to employ US ordnance against free world forces. During one period,188 of 259 payments in the III MAF area were made to children who turned in explosive suitable for the manufacture of boobytraps. In1968 alone, 103,521 pieces of ordnance that could have been used as mines and boobytraps were located. Booby Traps

36 Sniper Teams Sniper Teams
One of the most effective counter-measure was the employment of scout-sniper teams.Sniper teams consisted for the most part of two men; a sniper and a spotter. The sniper was armed with an accurized M14 rifle with a sniper scope mounted. The most successful use of the sniper was with ambush patrols. Snipers would either accompany a platoon on an ambush or, when provided with a security element of five to eight men, established their own ambush sniper position. They were situated in many cases near known or suspected rice caches or tunnel entrances. Using such tactics,the sniper picked the time and place to engage the enemy, thereby maintaining the initiative.In addition, sniper teams were sometimes left behind to engage Viet Cong who were following a moving unit

The team established positions that would allow long-range observation over the route that the unit had traveled.This technique was effective because the sniper could engage targets as far away as 900 meters and because the Viet Cong tended to be lax about their cover at extreme ranges. Thus, the Viet Cong presented excellent targets. Snipers also could operate at night with the help of "pink light," an infrared search light that illuminated an area for a person looking through an infrared scope or by using a star-light scope. The starlight scope intensified the available light, from the moon and stars, rather than emitting a light source of its own. In situations where no natural light was available for the Starlight scope, artificial illumination from searchlights, flares, and other light sources were used. These scopes allowed the sniper to operate anytime of day or night, especially considering that the Viet Cong placed most of their mines and boobytraps during the night. Specially trained scout dogs were used to detect the scent left by the individual emplacing a mine or boobytrap. This scent was detectable one to four days after emplacement. Since boobytraps were generally placed shortly after initiation of friendly operations, the chance of discovery by dogs was good.A scout dog team consisted of one dog and one handler, trained to work together and in-separable for operational purposes. Scout dogswere German shepherds and normally worked on a leash.A trained dog used his vision to detect trip-wires and unnatural elements, and his hearing to detect sound waves created by trip wire vibration. Many dogs detected a tripwire when it touched the body hair of their forelegs or chest. Most dogs were agile enough to back away before the device was tripped.Of 119 dogs killed in South Vietnam be-tween January 1967 and June 1969, only seven were killed by boobytraps. Dog teams
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