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Transcript of Anne Frank
Anne Frank's parents are Otto and Edith Frank. Anne's father, Otto, was born in 1889. He had grown up in a well-to-do family and attended Heidelberg University. He had been there for only a semester and traveled to New York. He took a job at a Macy's department store. Otto loved the big, lively city but returned to Germany when his father died suddenly.
Edith Frank was the youngest child of Abraham and Rosa Stern Hollander. Her father was a wealthy manufacturer in Aachen, Germany, on the border of Belguim and the Netherlands. She and Otto were married in 1925. Edith devoted herself for making a comfortable home for her husband and daughters. Hoping to be able to survive World War II.
World War II Begins
On February 1934 Anne had joined her family in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to escape Germany. September 1, 1939, Germany had invaded Poland. World War II started two days later. Unfortunately for the Franks on May 10, 1940, Germany invades the Netherlands and makes it a difficult time for the Franks. Jewish people were required to were a six-sided yellow star on April 1942. For Anne's thirteenth birthday she receives a red and white checkered diary. Which she shall treasure later in hiding.
Going Into Hiding
Although there were many things going on in the world, the girls were sheltered from the horrible tragedies outside. Otto and Edith agreed that they shouldn't be robbed from their childhood.Later on Margot was to attend to a concentration camp.That is when they went into hiding on July 6, 1942. They would be hiding in secret rooms above Otto Frank's business. Weeks later the Van Pelses join the Franks. Then on November 1942 Fritz Pheffer is allowed to share the hiding place. Hoping to not get caught by Nazis, and making most of the time and space.
Arrested by Nazis
August 4, 1944, began as an ordinary Friday. Miep (one of the helpers) had stopped at the secret annex to pick up the things the families needed from the stores. After eleven Miep, Bep, Jo Kleiman were working in the front office when Miep turned up to see a man in the doorway holding a revolver. "Don't move" he said boldly. He told them to show him the rest of the building. They led him to Victor Kugler's office. They went upstairs and were standing on the landing by the bookcase. The three Dutch policeman managed to get to the other side and arrest the families. They knew they would soon be on a train to concentration camps.
After only a few days, on August 8, the Frank's, Van Pelses, and Pfeffer (a Jewish dentist that joined the families in November 1942) were put on a passenger train to Westerbork, a transit camp in northeastern Holland. They were given smaller food rations and harder jobs than others. The families just hoped they would not be sent to harsher camps. Then on September 2,1944 their hopefulness ended. The names of the 1,019 men, women, and children that would be boarding a train. The Franks, Van Pelses, and Pfeffer were all included. the next day they arrived at Auschwitz, the most notorious Nazi concentration camp. Life there was harsher and they struggled to survive. On October 30,1944, Margot and Anne were sent to Bergen-Belsen camp in Germany. Sadly they both were sick with typhus, an infection caused by bites of lice, and died with hunger and disease. Like concentration camp prisoner Vera Beger(Left).
The Last of The Franks
Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt-on-Main,Germany on June 12, 1929. Anne had announced her presence to the world at full volume. She had cried right after her birth and weeks later, making nights restless for the Franks. She was the second of the two daughters of Otto and Edith Frank. The first, Margot, was three-and-a-half when Anne was born. Margot had been very quiet when she was a baby, so Anne's bold approach became as a surprise to the Franks.
Margot and Anne
Margot was very alike to her mother. She was intelligent, shy, hardworking, and respectful. Basically the opposite of Anne.
Anne on the other hand was much like her father. She was curious, social, and lively. Always a child who loved being the center of attention.
Author In The Making
Every day Anne would write in her diary. She would write like she was talking to a friend. She named it Kitty, like one of the characters in her favorite book series. Joop ter Heul by Cissy van Marxveldt. A turning point for Anne's writing career came on March 28, 1944, when Gerrit Bolkestein, the Dutch Minister of Education, Art, and Science, broadcast a speech in London. In it he asked citizens to save their diaries and letters to be put in a center for personal documents of the war. From then on Anne started rewriting her entries, which would be published later.
"We are together and we have our peace"-Margot
Otto, the last remaining person in the concentration camps from Anne's family came back to Amsterdam. He then met Eva Geiringer, who went to school with Anne. She introduced him to her mom, Fritzi, whose husband was killed in the camps. Otto and Fritzi became good friends over time and then in 1953, they married. Together they set up the Anne Frank Foundation in Basel, Switzerland. Otto died in 1980 at the age of 91. The Anne Frank Diary was first published in 1947. The English version was published in 1952.