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TIGERS

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Gemma Radford

on 16 May 2015

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Transcript of TIGERS

Presented by: Learning Group 81
Group 2

Dounya Chami
Cindy Louw
Gemma Radford
Avneet Rani
Sumatran tiger
BENGAL TIGER
Malayan tiger
Siberian Tiger
Description
TIGERS
Siberian Tiger
Endangered/Threats
The Siberian Tiger are listed as endangered with approximately 400 left in the wild. The key threats they face are illegal poaching and habitat loss due to logging, urban expansion and road construction (Amur Tiger, 2015).
SIBERIAN TIGER
Habitats
The Siberian Tiger primarily lives in the southeast of Russia around the Sikhote-Alin mountain range close to the Amur River. However, few do exist in north-eastern China and the Korean Peninsula and have been sighted as far as Mongolia.
SIBERIAN TIGER
Conservation
Scientists revealed that the Siberian tiger’s
population is declining at an alarming
rate. Habitat loss is the main cause.
Annual surveys are conducted to
find out the actual situation of these
animals, so that adequate efforts can
be done to protect these animals.
tigers
siberian tiger
SUMATRAN TIGER
SUMATRAN TIGER
SUMATRAN TIGER
Conservation
A high proportion of Sumatran Tigers were found in unpatrolled national parks. A group of local Indonesians formed the Sumatran Tiger Trust Conservation Program. The program focuses on patrolling these areas, supporting specific breeding programs as well as informing the public of the plight of the Sumatran tiger (Sumatran Tiger Trust Conservation Program, 2015).
Nutrition/ Diet
Sumatran Tigers are carnivores. They eat small animals, birds and fish. They are the only known breed of Tigers to enjoy the water for food and play. Sumatran Tigers can consume animals as large as Wild boars and deers.
Endangered/Threats
Considered to be a ‘Critically Endangered’ species, it is unfortunate their number is rapidly decreasing. It is estimated only 500-600 Sumatran Tigers remain in the wild (Kasnoff, 2015). The two major threats to the Sumatran Tiger are Habitat loss,the forest cleared and destroyed for agriculture and settlements, and Poaching, illegally hunting and killing tigers for fur and body parts (Our Endangered World, 2012).
Bengal tiger
Bengal tiger
Bengal tiger
Description
Nutrition/Diet
Habitats
The Bengal Tiger is a carnivore and are known to be the largest members of the cat family. They can weigh up to 227 kilograms and their roar can be heard from 3km away. Bengal Tigers live in India and are commonly referred to as Indian Tigers.
Bengal tigers are very powerful in nature and can travel for many miles to find its food. They feast on buffalo, deer, wild pigs, and other large animals.
A hungry tiger can eat up to 60 pounds in one night.
These tigers avoid eating humans.
The Bengal tiger is found mainly in India, however they have also been found in areas such as Bangladesh, Nepal, China and Myanmar. These tigers enjoy living in rainforests and grasslands. They prefer living in areas which offer them greater camouflage and concealment (Bengal Tiger, 2015).
MALAYAN TIGER
MALAYAN TIGER
MALAYAN TIGER
MALAYAN TIGER
Description
The Malayan Tiger can be found in the Peninsula and Southern tip of Thailand. These animals are approximately 500 in number. The weight of adults measured up to 120kg and females can be measured 100kg in weigh and DNA testing distinguished them from Indochinese tiger.
Endangered/Threats
There are only around 500 Malayan tigers left in the wild. Humans and Human activities are what constitute the only threats to the Malayan Tiger (ourendangeredworld.com). There is a large amount of organised crime in relation to the poaching of Tigers as they are a huge part of traditional Vietnamese and Chinese medicines. Poachers also eat tiger meat. It is said that if you eat the Tiger meat, you’ll gain the strength of the Tiger.
Habitats
The Malayan Tiger’s natural habitat is in the Malayan Peninsula of Southeast Asia. They are found in tropical and sub-tropical moist broadleaf forests.They also enjoy spending time in the water and are excellent swimmers. The Malayan Tiger conceal themselves in hidden areas of the forest, stalking their prey and retreating back to safety in their hiding spot (Gibson, n.d).
Nutrition/Diet
The Malayan tiger enjoy taking down medium to large prey, which will offer them the sustenance and energy they need. These tigers prey mainly on wild boars and deer, however will take down smaller prey if need be. They have also been known to kill livestock, which creates ongoing issues with humans (Malayan Tiger, 2015).
Indochinese tiger
INDOCHINESE TIGER
INDOCHINESE TIGER
INDOCHINESE TIGER
INDOCHINESE TIGER
Description
The Indochinese Tiger is traditionally smaller when compared to other tiger subspecies. It has a golden base coat colour, however their stripes are not as bold as the Bengal Tiger’s. Males are roughly 2 metres long and weigh approximately 150kg, whereas the females are slightly smaller, measuring in at 2 metres and weigh in at 100kg (Gibson, 2015).
Endangered/Threats
Growing commercial demand for wild meat in restaurant is big threat for these tigers. The parts of tiger’s body are used in traditional medicines and new folk tonic. Economic development such as roads and mining is also a big threat for the existence of this subspecies.
Nutrition/Diet
The Indochinese Tiger is a carnivore, hunting medium and large animals. Its primary prey include wild pigs, antelope, buffalo and deer. They also hunt smaller animals when their primary prey are limited, although it doesn’t provide enough energy. They hunt baby elephants, baby rhinoceroses, porcupines, birds and monkeys (Milburn, 2015).
Conservation
The Dawna Tenasserim landscape on the Thailand- Myanmer border which is the Indochinese Tigers best chance at survival. The landscape is a controlled conservation project run by the world wild life organisation and is home to 250 wild Indochinese tigers.

BENGAL TIGER
Conservation
Many tiger conservation groups have been reaching out to the community to help protect and conserve tigers and their habitats. Panthera and Save the Tiger fund are two organisations joining forces to conserve and protect the Bengal Tigers. Reforestation will help the tigers live without threats from poachers and create a natural habitat, in hope to increase their population and be safe from harm (Oppel, 2011).
The Siberian Tiger also known as the Amur Tiger, is ranked amongst the biggest living cats. Male tigers weigh up to 320kg and female tigers weigh up to 180kg. Their appearance is different to other breeds of tigers. Their stripes are paler and they dont have as many stripes compared to other breeds. They also have manes. The mane, as well as their thick fur, keep them warm (Smith, 2014).
SUMATRAN TIGER
Habitat
Sumatran tigers are critically endangered animals. The island of Sumatra is the only place where these tigers can be found. Their existence in these forests shows biodiversity. WWF and Indochinese state government planned to save these tigers through Nilo tiger landscape.
Tigers are the largest cats in the world. They are amazing, from their physique to their lifestyle. Unfortunately they face a questionable future as their numbers are decreasing around the world. Subspecies of the Tigers are considered ‘Endangered’ and some even ‘Critically Endangered’.
In our presentation we provide an overview of five different breeds of Tigers and summarize their description, diet, habitats, threats and conservation.

INTRODUCTION
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
Our presentation reveals the beauty of Tigers. Providing a descriptive summary of each of the five subspecies and the way they live. The Tigers future needs help from across the globe. With help from conservation organisations and communties, the tigers suffering can end. The Tigers could have a chance at having a safe and secure existence.
IMAGES



Adelaide Zoo. (2015, April 30).
In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
[Photograph]. Retrieved 05:06, May 1, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adelaide_zoo&oldid=660138336

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In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
[Photograph]. Retrieved 05:13, May 1, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengal_tiger&oldid=660003346

Fort Worth Zoo. (2015, April 8).
In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
[Photograph]. Retrieved 05:20, May 1, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fort_worth_zoo&oldid=655507254

Inhabitat (2015, April 21) retrieved from http://inhabitat.com/endangered-sumatran-tiger-and-two-lions-poisoned-in-indonesian-zoo/

Siberian Tiger. (2015, April 22).
In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. [Photograph]. Retrieved 04:46, May 1, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siberian_tiger&oldid=657941763

Sikhote Alin (2015 April 21) from Wikitravel retrieved from http://wikitravel.org/en/File:Sikhote.jpg

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In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
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Zaher, Raghda (2015) Video www.youtube.com/watch?v=8BtBEX8COM4
Gibson, A. (n.d).The Malayan Tiger.
Tigers, The Most Majestic Cats In The World
. Retrieved from www.tigers.org.za/malayan-tiger.html

Goodrich, J. (2015). Wildlife Conservation Society: Siberian Tigers Fade Away. Retrieved from http://www.wcs.org/news-and-features-main/siberian-tigers-fade-away.aspx

Global Tiger Initiative. (2015). Bengal Tiger Nutrition. Retrieved from http://globaltigerinitiative.org/about-tigers/indochinese-tiger/

Kasnoff, C. (2015, April 23).
Tigers in Crisis.
Retrieved April 16, 2015 from www.tigersincrisis.com/Sumatran_tiger.htm

Long, B. (2015). Indochinese Tiger. Retrieved from https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/indochinese-tiger

Metzger, M.J. (2007). Making sense of credibility on the Web: Models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research.
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58
(13), 2078-2091.


Millburn, N. (2015). What do Indochinese Tigers eat?
.Pawnation, Animals by Demand Media
. Retrieved from animals.pawnation.com/Indochinese-tigers-eat-2632.html

National Geographic Channel (2015) Bengal Tiger retrieved from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bengal-tiger/

Oppel,R. (2011, July 7).
Panthera partners with Save the Tiger Fund to ensure a future for Wild Cats.
Retrieved April 16, 2015 from www.panthera.org/sites/default/files/STF-PR1-pdf

Our Endangered World
. (2012). Retrieved April 16, 2015 from www.ourendangeredworld.com/species/land-mammals/Sumatran-tiger/

Save the Tiger. (n.d) Timeline. [Facebook Page]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/savethetigerindia/timeline

Siberiantiger.(2015,April 11).
In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
. Retrieved 05:03, April 16, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siberian_tiger&oldid=655914650

Smith,P.A. (2014, August 24).
Animal Fact Guide.
Retrieved from www.animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/Siberian-tiger/

Tigers in Crisis (2015), Siberian Tiger retrieved from http://www.tigersincrisis.com/siberian_tiger.htm

Wildlife Convervation Society (2015) Sibeirian Tiger retrieved from http://www.wcsrussia.org/en-us/projects/siberiantigerproject.aspx

World Wildlife Fund. (2015). SUMATRAN TIGER. Retrieved from http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/sumatran-tiger







Overview of credibility of sources
As we collaborated our information together to create our presentation on Tigers, it was important that our consumers were to receive credible and reliable information. To ensure we are providing accurate and trustworthy information we used Critical Evaluation Skills (Metzger 2007). The five criteria to evaluate and assess the credibility of the information we put in the presentation are Accuracy, Currency, Objectivity, Authority and Coverage. The sources we retrieved our information from appeared to be free from error and quite reliable. The websites were recently updated, as current as this year 2015. Our sources were sufficient in providing the information needed for our topic and its themes. The Authors in some of our sources were clearly identified, including their qualifications and experiences. For example, P.A Smith (Animal Fact Guide, 2014) is a middle school Language Arts Teacher. The facebook page, Save the Tiger, has 3,316,457 Total page likes and 530,319 People talking about their page. The coverage of information from our sources were concise, providing enough information to complete our presentation.
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