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Transcript of Dreams Presentation
Dreams in Elizabethan Times
Dreams in Our Time
dreams today can mean many different things.
Superstitions and Myths
Superstitions date back to traditions and beliefs from much earlier times and are usually based on trust in magic or chance
By: Elaine, Tyler and Michael
Some people believed dreams were simply pieces of the day retold or the result of something they eaten or drank
When people dreamt others thought that:
They were expressions of guilt or something one has done
The dreams came directly from God, angels of demons
They exposed a persons character as virtuous/wicked
If people could unlock the meaning of dreams they were told that they could know the future
through prayer or through a healthy diet
if they wore certain gemstones or drank potions that included fancy ingredients
There is an irrational belief that an object, action or circumstance which are not logically related to a course of events can influence its outcome
Some believed they could control their dreams
Fear of the supernatural & forces of nature of God resulted in belief of superstitions in the Elizabethan Era
Elizabethan persecution came due to the fear of witch craft & persecution of witches
Images objects and colors
Many blamed unexplainable events as the work of witches
depending on color of your dream it can mean something good or bad
whatever objects in your dreams can mean many things too like money, family etc...
the Bubonic Plague
unexplained deaths or unpleasant illnesses
bad harvest or crop failures
death of animals
the setting in your dream is also important to pay attention to
Those who accused of witches were usually - old, poor, unprotected single women, widows, wise women
many kept pets "families"
The Idea of the Dream
List of a few superstitions some used back then and now:
Saying "God Bless You" after a sneeze
Black cat to cross your path
7th sone of 7th son was possessed with supernatural powers
To keep the feather of a peacock
Shoes of table
Dreams are believed to be images, ideas, emotions, and superstitions that occur voluntary in the mind during a certain stage of sleep
Why do we dream?
To organize the brain:
Queen Mab Speech by Mercutio
What is your most recent dream?
What do you think you dream meant?
Interpretations from books and doctors
Male of Female
Status in Society
What they do for a living
Interpretations were based on:
A fairy who appears in Romeo and Juliet
Described as a miniature creature who drives her chariot into the noses and into the brains of sleeping people to oblige them to experience dreams that fulfill their wishes
Dreaming of certain objects meant something significant would happen to them
Dreams in Elizabethan Literature
Background on studies of dreams
Research on dreams began very late, because it was deemed "too difficult".
The first dream related experiments were carried out by a French man named Louis Alfred Maury.
The first published work on dreams was by Sigmad Frued.
Freud's studies on dreams.
Freud stated that you are unconscious when you sleep.
In Freuds work, he argued that:
1)Dreams are the fulfillment of a wish
2)They're disguised as a fulfillment of a wish.
3)They're disguised as a fulfillment of a repressed wish
4)They're disguised as a fulfillment of a repressed, infantile wish
"Dreams are thing which get rid of physical stimulation disturbing sleep, by the method of hallucinatory satisfaction." Meaning that it is a wish or desire that has come up during the day, that has remained unsatisfied.
An example: If a child had wanted ice cream during the day, ice cream could appear in a dream.
Dreaming is the result of random impulses coming from the brain stem.
It is the brains way of understanding noisy electrical signals, which makes dreams seem random and meaningless.
Those which do seem to make sense follow certain plots, however, this is illogical.
EEG machines are used to research with this method.
Dreams might give away little hints for problems from the previous day.
It could be to cope with trauma, depending on the intensity of it. (ex: car crash, heart attack, etc.)
We could dream to de-clutter our brains.
We are bombarded by information, consciously (learning) and unconsciously (seeing an advertisement)
The theory is that dreaming files away useful information, and throws away useless data.
Scientists say that it's just thinking in our sleep, yet it is still unclear.
Since dreams were such a fascination, and seemed mystical and magical, they were popular in literature.
Examples of various pieces of literature with the concept of dreams being an influence to the story:
A Midsummer Nights Dream
Romeo and Juliet
Philosophers like Bacon, Locke, and Hobbes eventually lead to the downfall of dreams being used in literature.
In MacBeth, there is an
implied theory about dreams, nightmares to be specific. Lady Macbeth, after convincing her husband to kill the king of Ireland, has guilt fueled nightmares. Shakespear used dreams to explain sleepwalking, saying that it can be caused by anxiety.
That dreaming is created by the brain stem.
Rapid Eye Movement (REM) happens during the 60-90 minutes that dreams are most remembered.
Nightmares can represent opportunities for healing and insight, warn of psychological imbalances that we need to deal with, or behaviors or decisions that need to be fixed.
A person who smoked 2 packs a day dreamed of having inoperable lung cancer, and not be able to see his kids grow up. This dream changed him, and he quit.
Dreaming is unclear, but there are plenty of theories to why we do dream:
To solve problems:
So why do we dream?
Because of Impulses:
"To Sleep, Perchance to Dream." Folger Shakes Library. N.p., 30 May
2009. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.folger.edu/documents/Dream%20Layout%20for%20Web.pdf>
"Elizabethan Superstitions ." Elizabethan Era . N.p., 20 Mar. 2012.
Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-superstitions.html>.
"Mysteries, Ancient Civilizations and Artefacts." Mysteries24.com. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. <http://mysteries24.com>.
"Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More -
eNotes.com." enotes.com. enotes.com, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://www.enotes.com>.