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Hinduism & Buddhism
Transcript of Hinduism & Buddhism
Major Points of Hinduism
Reincarnation - appeared in Hinduism by the 6th century B.C.
Karma - The force generated by a person's actions. It will determine how a person will be reborn.
Dharma - Divine law, different for certain castes.
Caste System - reincarnation provided a religious basis for caste system in Hinduism
Major Points of Hinduism Cont.
Yoga - a method of training and meditation to help achieve oneness with God. Ultimate goal to leave the earthly cycle for union with Brahman. Union seen as dreamless sleep.
Hundreds of different deities in Hinduism
Brahma the Creator
Vishnu the Preserver
Shiva the Destroyer
Siddhartha Gautama - Born around 563 B.C.
Son of a ruling family
Became aware of pain, illness, and death and decided to dedicate his life to finding the cure to human suffering.
At first practiced self denial (ascetics)
Next turned to meditation where he reached enlightenment to the meaning of life.
Buddhism most widely practiced in China, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Cambodia.
Originated with the religious beliefs of the Aryan people but no single founder.
Vedas - collections of hymns and religious ceremonies passed down orally
Dominant religion of India and Nepal
Map of Religions in India
Brahma the Creator
Basic Principles of Buddhism
The pain, poverty, and sorrow felt by humans are caused by attachment to material things.
Nirvana - achieved by letting go of these things and gaining wisdom
Reincarnation - Buddhism does have it but no caste system based on previous reincarnations.
Four Noble Truths
Ordinary life is full of suffering
Suffering is caused by desire to satisfy ourselves
To end suffering one must end desire for selfish goals and see others as extensions of ourselves
The way to end desire is to follow the middle path
Buddha or "Enlightened One"
Basic Principles of Buddhism Cont.
The Middle Path or Eightfold Path
Right View - know the Four Noble Truths
Right Intention - need to decide what we really want
Right Speech - speak the truth and speak well of others
Right Action - do not kill, do not steal, do not lie, do not be unchaste, do not take drugs or drink alcohol.
Right Livelihood - do work that uplifts our being
Right Effort - exert ourselves to develop good qualities and release bad ones
Right Mindfulness - keep our minds in control of our senses
Right Concentration - meditate to see the world in a new way
No specific gods worshiped in Buddhism. Sometimes thought to be more of a philosophy than a religion