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Dark Romanticism

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Kristen Barrett

on 8 November 2013

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Transcript of Dark Romanticism

American Gothic
Edgar Allan Poe
During a life marked by pain and loss, he wrote haunting tales which explored the dark side of the human mind.

With a morbidly sensitive nature, Poe’s feelings of sadness and depression were the basis of his writing.
Romanticism led to Dark Romanticism (or, Gothicism)
Romanticism developed as a reaction against the rationalism of the Age of Reason.
The romantics freed the imagination from the hold of reason.
When looking at the individual, most romantics saw hope.
For some Romantic writers, the imagination led to the threshold of the unknown.
The Gothic focused on the fantastic, demonic, and insane.
When the Gothic saw the individual, they saw the potential of evil.
Dark Romanticism (Gothicism)
While many Romantic writers celebrated the beauties of nature, Gothic writers were peering into the darkness and the supernatural.
Gothic Movement in America
The Gothic Tradition was established in Europe.
By the 19th century, Edgar Allan Poe, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Washington Irving, and Herman Melville were using the Gothic elements in their writing.
Edgar Allan Poe
His stories include:
Settings that featuring
Dark, medieval castles
Decaying ancient estates
Characters that are
Female—beautiful and dead (or dying)
Plots that include
Live burials
Physical and mental torture
Retribution from beyond the grave
For Poe, it was only in these extreme situations that people revealed their true nature.
The Gothic dimension of Poe’s fictional world offered him a way to explore the human mind in these extreme situations and so arrive at an essential truth.
The Fall of the House of Usher
page 262 in Elements of Literature
Conscious vs. Unconscious
Mind vs. Body
Summarize the plot of the narrative poem “The Haunted Palace.”
How are the house and Roderick alike? Be specific.
What instances of foreshadowing can you find in this tale? Start with the title.
While referring back to the themes,
identify examples from the text and explain.
The use of an object to represent another object or meaning beyond its basic definition
Bell Work: Write for 10 minutes about your reactions to one or all of the following: ROMANTICISM, GOTHICISM, EDGAR ALLAN POE, NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE. (Prompts to get you started: Define the first two words. How do you think the writers named fall under the labels above? Are they Romantic? Gothic? Both? Why?)
New Seating Chart (1st Period)
1. Jose
2. Colin
3. Kory
4. Thomas
5. Bailey
6. DJ
7. Jordan A.
8. CJ
9. Danny
10. Thomi
11. Kaylee
12. Dustin
13. Tori
14. Courtney
15. Kylie
16. BJ
17. Ashley
18. Drew
19. Austin
20. Jacob
21. Danielle
22. Larry
23. Logan
24. Ryan
25. Joel
26. Aaron
27. Alexis
28. Lane
29. Jordan K.
30. Brett
31. Shelley
32. Emily
New Seating Chart (2nd)
2. Justyn
3. Brandon
6. Ryan C.
7. Shawn
10. Destinee
12. Tasha
13. Alyssa
14. Ryan F.
15. Nikki

16. Cassie
17. Kaitlyn
18. Brittany
19. Maria
20. Katelyn
21. Kenzie
22. Hunter
24. Autumn
25. Jeremy
26. Alisha
28. Jacqueline
29. Evan
32. Kody
New Seating Chart (3rd)
1. Kaitlyn
2. Virginia
3. Michael
5. Jesse
6. Reanna
7. Tristan H.
9. Destiny W.
10. Morgan
11. Travis
12. Blake
14. Timmy
15. Cody B.
16. Zach
17. Destiny D.
18. Elizabeth
19. Ty
20. Jonathan
21. Angela
22. Cody T.
23. Shelby
24. Cade
25. Devon
26. Tristin M.
27. Allison
28. Kendra
29. Destiny N.
30. Shon
31. Ms. Lozier
32. Brady
New Seating Chart (5th)
2. Meghan
3. Zach Baxter
5. Caedmon
6. Haley
7. Morgan
10. Austin
11. Katie
12. Amber
13. Zach Brinker
14. Travis
15. Whitney
16. Emily
17. Jason
18. Kendrick
19. Tyler
20. Zack M.
21. Seth
22. Adam
23. Sam
24. Chelsea
25. Brent
26. Mckenzie
27. Jeremy
28. John
29. Taylor
30. Christina
31. Alyssa
32. Noah
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Born Nathaniel Hathorne in 1804 - Salem, MA.
Ancestors included John Hathorne, the only Salem Witch Trials judge who never repented for his actions.
It is widely believed he added the 'w' to his name to hide this relation.
Hawthorne's Writing:
-Set in New England
-Features Puritan inspiration (remember his birthplace!)

-Themes center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity

Vocabulary Activity
(It's not about love.)
As you listen to the audio recording of "Young Goodman Brown," underline/highlight characteristics of Dark Romanticism in your copy of the story.
Some characteristics include:
+Travel by innocent characters
+The devil
Bell Work:
Spend 5 minutes brainstorming symbols. Write down (or draw) as many symbols as you can think of. The symbols could be something you see every day or something you have seen in a movie or book. Consider the characteristics of the symbols. Do they need to be a certain color for the meaning to be evident?
Formative Assessment

"Young Goodman Brown" is an allegory. One characteristic of an allegory is that almost everything in the story is a symbol. Some of the symbols in "YGB" are very obvious.

On the chart, write what the following might symbolize. USE COMPLETE SENTENCES:

+Young Goodman Brown
+Faith (hint: think of their NAMES)
+The forest

If you finish early, write on the back of the sheet what you think THE STRANGER'S STAFF symbolizes.

Bell Work:
Take the worksheet titled "Bell Work: Allegory" from the front desk. Can you identify each story, character, or historical event being described? The first person to raise their hand and CORRECTLY identify all 5 gets a prize!
Review of SYMBOLISM in "Young Goodman Brown"

+Goodman Brown symbolizes a young man with good intentions. (He could be any man.)

+Faith symbolizes Goodman Brown's Puritan faith.

+The forest symbolizes TEMPTATION, because the devil leads Goodman Brown into the forest despite his protests.
+A story in which characters, settings, and actions stand for something beyond themselves.

+In some types of allegories, the characters and setting represent abstract ideas of moral qualities. (Which character in YGB fits this description?)

+In other types, characters and situations stand for historical figures and events.
An allegory can be read for two meanings:



+Often intended to teach a moral lesson or make a comment about good and evil.
What is the difference between allegory and symbolism?

-A symbol can be a word, place, character, or object that means something beyond what it is on a literal level.

-An allegory involves using many INTERCONNECTED symbols in such a way that everything in the story relates to other symbols in the story.
"Young Goodman Brown": An Allegory
Complete all 3 parts of the handout. (Complete Part 1 as a class; Part 2 with your shoulder partner; and Part 3 individually.) Place the handout in the class bin when finished.
The late 19th-century debate regarding monetary policy. The "Yellow Brick Road" represents the gold standard (the idea that U.S. money is backed up by gold. Dorothy—naïve, young and simple—represents the American people. She is Everyman, led astray and seeking the way back home. Moreover, following the road of gold leads eventually only to the Emerald City, which may symbolize the fraudulent world of greenback paper money that only pretends to have value. It is ruled by a scheming politician (the Wizard) who uses publicity devices and tricks to fool the people (and even the Good Witches) into believing he is benevolent, wise and powerful when really he is selfish and cruel. He sends Dorothy into severe danger hoping she will rid him of his enemy the Wicked Witch of the West. He is powerless and, as he admits to Dorothy, "I'm a very bad Wizard." The Scarecrow is a representation of American farmers and their troubles in the late 19th century. The Tin Man represents the American steel industry's failures to combat increased international competition at the time. The Cowardly Lion is a metaphor for the American military's performance in the Spanish-American War.

The Matrix suggested a parallel between Neo and Christ, both of whom are resurrected. Neo is referred to throughout the Matrix trilogy as the One, that is, the chosen one, which also describes Christ—a messiah, sent to deliver salvation. References to Christianity proliferate in the films, and the Matrix films are an allegory for the Christian faith and that Neo is a modern-day Jesus.
In a old English play called Everyman, the main character is named Everyman (he stands for exactly what his name indicates.)
One day Everyman is summoned by death to give an accounting of his life.
Everyman asks his friends Fellowship, Beauty, Strength and Good Deeds to go with him to tell death that he has led a good life.
Only Good Deeds stays with him until the end.

Today, you will take a practice quiz over an excerpt from "Young Goodman Brown" with your face partner. Do the following with your face partner:
1. Re-read the attached excerpt with your partner, completing annotations together.
2. Talk through the multiple choice questions, 1-7, and agree on an answer. Debate the answers, rule out possible answers. READ THE QUESTIONS CAREFULLY. Circle your final answer.
*strategy: underline or circle words that appear in CAPS ("EXCEPT")*
3. Together, write a constructed response to the final question.
You will receive credit based on the following:
-Answering M.C.
-Constructed response

Make sure BOTH partners' names are on the completed quiz. Staple one annotated page to the bottom of the quiz, and place it in the class bin.
Bell Work: Write about a time that you were associated with rumors. Reflect on your part in the rumor. Were you the victim? Was a friend the victim? Did you start or spread the rumor? If there is a rumor being spread about you, what is the best way to deal with it?
The Scarlet Letter (Chapters 1 & 2 - SparkNotes)
+You have 3 minutes to read the summary of Chapter 1 (paragraph 1) with your shoulder partner. After you read it, try to define each underlined vocabulary word.
Somber - gloomy
Incongruity - contradiction
Spend 3 minutes reading paragraph 2, Summary of Chapter 2, with your shoulder partner. As soon as you finish reading, try to define the underlined words.
(In Vocab section of binder)
Ornateness - the quality of being flashy or showy

Inadvertently - accidentally
With your shoulder partner, you have 6 minutes to read paragraphs 3 and 4. When you finish reading, try to define the underlined words.
Inherent - ingrained or built-in
Utopia - a community or society possessing perfect qualities

Permeates - spreads throughout

Iniquity - immoral behavior

Scapegoat - a person who is unfairly blamed for something others have done
Voyeuristic - the quality of enjoying
watching something considered private
With your shoulder partner, spend 6 minutes reading paragraphs 5 and 6. Try to define the underlined words.
Atone - To do something good to make up for a bad deed
Redundant - Needlessly wordy or repetitive
Pettiness - The quality of being unimportant
With your shoulder partner, spend 6 minutes reading paragraphs 7 and 8. Try to define the underlined words.
Acquisition - the act of obtaining an object
Juxtaposed - placed close together for contrasting effect

Ideology - a system of ideas
Bell Work: Use yesterday's reading passage, from The Scarlet Letter, to answer the following questions. When you are finished, place them in the class bin in the back of the room. (Write in complete sentences, of course!)
1. Name and describe the symbol the reader finds in Chapter 1 of The Scarlet Letter.
2. What is the significance of the scaffold in Chapters 1 and 2?
3. Why do you think the color scarlet was chosen to represent Hester’s ‘transgressions’?
4. Write one possibility for Hester's Facebook status at the end of the day described in the reading. Use at least one new vocabulary word.

Formative Assessment: (Complete individually)
Consider your knowledge of Hawthorne based on class notes, discussions, and the class activities related to “Young Goodman Brown.” What is one similarity you notice between “YGB” and The Scarlet Letter? (Answer in complete sentences.)
Why Scarlet?
Scarlet is often associated with immorality and sin, particularly prostitution or adultery, largely because of a passage referring to "The Great Harlot", "dressed in purple and scarlet", in the Bible (Revelations 17: 1-6)
The connection of red or scarlet with sin was very common in Europe and America. Prostitutes were obliged to wear red in some European cities, and even today areas in European cities where prostitutes can work legally are known as red-light districts.
"Easy A" (As you watch the preview, write down any similarities you see/hear to The Scarlet Letter)
The Scarlet Letter Excerpt
Read, annotating (NOT highlighting) the following:
-Circle words you don't know, and try to define them.
-Note Hester's physical characteristics. (As you read the description, try to picture her in your head.)
The Scarlet Letter - Movie Poster
+You and a partner (either your face partner or shoulder partner) will imagine that you are in charge of casting and advertising a new film version of The Scarlet Letter, and use your knowledge of the novel, Hester Prynne, and Nathaniel Hawthorne to create a compelling poster advertising the movie. Before you begin, let's look at some examples.
Your movie poster must include the casting. (Who will play Hester Prynne? Re-read the description of her that you annotated. You MUST pick an actress who fits that description.)
Consider the following details when designing your poster:
+Catchy tag line
+Images to evoke a TONE
+Better to give away the story, or to leave something to the imagination?
+Name dropping (Director, Stars, Author)
Along with your movie poster, you will turn in a narrative (written on a separate sheet of paper) that explains your casting choice. CITE TEXTUAL EVIDENCE from The Scarlet Letter that explains why the actress you cast is the best choice for the role. In addition, explain the color choices, tag line, tone, and/or imagery on your poster. This narrative should be between 3/4 and 1 page.
If your neighbor has their head on their desk, please tap them and tell them to put their head up!

Movie Poster/Narrative Rubric
+Creativity/Originality of poster - 2 points
+Textual evidence to support the actress you chose - 2 points
+Discussion of other aspects of poster (tone, imagery, colors, tag line) - 1 point
Bell Work:
Spend the first 5 minutes of class reviewing for your vocabulary quiz.
When finished with your quiz, please put it on the bin on Ms. Barrett's desk. Then, take the papers titled "Who is Edgar Allan Poe?" and "Edgar Allan Poe Scavenger Hunt" from the front desk and begin completing them. (Hint: Skim for the answers.) First one to CORRECTLY complete the scavenger hunt gets a prize!
Learning Target:
I can interpret details in a text to determine how they support/contradict key points and/or the main idea of a text.

Formative Assessment:
Of the 17 questions on the worksheet, chose the five that best support the key points about Poe’s life.
On a sheet of paper, provide the five questions you have chosen and explain why they are most important.

Movie Poster Grades: P = Poster, T.E. = Text Evidence, and N = Narrative.

Bell Work:
Can you solve this riddle?

The clever butler needs some extra cash, so he tells his master, "I know almost every song that has ever been written."
The master laughs at this, but the butler says, "I am willing to bet you a month’s pay that I can sing a song that you have heard of with the lady's name of your choice in it."
"Deal," says the master. "How about my mother's name, Felicity Jane Ashley?"
The butler sang and earned himself an extra month’s pay.
What song did he sing?

Are you good at solving riddles? Do you enjoy mysteries? Do you know (or perhaps you are) someone who seems to have a gift for solving riddles or mysteries? What is the most important skill or talent in solving a mystery?
The Witches' Sabbath
Francisco Goya
Formative Assessment: Edgar Allan Poe's "The Murders in the Rue Morgue"

Read the 5 paragraphs on the worksheet for an introduction to Poe's famous murder mystery, then answer the 5 multiple choice questions.
P.S. - Tomorrow, bring an electronic device with Internet access to class if you have one. We will be using Facebook in class. (Send a friend request to our class page, GCHS English Barrett, or search for my email, kristen.barrett@grant.kyschools.us) Make this easy and fun for everyone. Do not post on this page before tomorrow's class, and be sure that tomorrow's lesson exhibits respectful and appropriate use of technology, so that we can use this page in the future. Thank you!
Bell Work: Answer these riddles on a piece of paper. (Do not say the answers out loud until you are asked!)

1. Johnny’s mother had three children. The first child was named April. The second child was named May. What was the third child’s name?

2. If you were running a race and you passed the person in second place, what place would you be in now?

3. A clerk at a butcher shop stands five feet ten inches tall and wears size 13 sneakers. What does he weigh?
Thursday, November 7, 2013

Learning Target: I can interpret details in a text to determine how they support/contradict key points and/or the main idea of a text.
Go to http://todaysmeet.com/Barrett1

Name: Your first initial and last name.
Today's Meet: Today's art discussion will take place online. It will be like a class discussion, but you will type your comments instead of speaking them.
-Everyone will share something new that they learned within five minutes, and they will comment on at least two people's posts within an additional five minutes.
-Do not share information that a classmate has already shared.
-All comments will be in complete sentences.
-When you are responding to a classmate's comment, be sure to include their name in your response.
-Try to make your comments constructive. Ask questions, or ADD TO what your classmate said. Do NOT just agree or make vague comments ("That's interesting.")
-Convince me by your comments that you read and thought about what they said!
"The Murders in the Rue Morgue"
Read and annotate the sheet you are given. It contains details about the murder in the story, along with one witness's account. (There are a total of 11 witness accounts.)
MITRM Witnesses:
Find the name of your witness at the top of the front page. There should be one or two other people who have the same witness as you. Take 30 seconds now to find that person, or those people, and sit by them. Take 1-2 minutes to compare your annotations of that witness's account (found on page 2.) What did that person describe seeing or hearing at the murder scene? What did you learn about the victims from your witness? Add this to your annotations.
Your witness on Facebook:
Only ONE person in your group should use their electronic device to locate the class Facebook page, Gchs English Barrett.
On that page, you will leave one post with the following information:
1) The initials of the people in your group
2) The name of your witness
3) What your witness would have posted about the murder. (USE the annotations you made with your group!)
Do this in 3 minutes.
It might look something like this:
SR, KB. C. Auguste Dupin: I need to put together all the clues, and found out what all twelve witnesses say. I know I can solve this murder mystery.
The other witnesses:
Now, read what your classmates have posted on the Facebook page. As your witness, comment on at least two other posts. Argue with other witnesses if you disagree with them. (Don't forget to leave your witness's name in the comment.) Take five minutes to do this.
We will complete the chart on the board that describes each witness's testimony. (Volunteer to write the testimony on the board?) Each group needs to be ready to share two pieces of information from their witness about what they saw, heard, or know.
Formative Assessment (to be completed individually)
Please answer in complete sentences.
-What do you know about the murders?
-Do you have any idea who the killers might be?
-If so, how did you come to this conclusion?
-If not, what information might help you solve the mystery?

Saturn Devouring His Son
Francisco Goya
Spend 5 minutes researching "Saturn Devouring His Son" by Francisco Goya. Share something you learned in Today's Meet.
Put your laptop back on the cart.
Full transcript