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Comparing Government in New France to Government Today
Transcript of Comparing Government in New France to Government Today
Who Ruled the Land
Who Makes the Decisions/Laws
The king of New France/France makes the decisions/laws, but it's hard because he's so far away and the royal decrees are often outdated by the time they reached the colony. Here in Canada, the prime minister makes his decisions at the parliament building, in Ottawa, so sometimes other areas farther away don't get the message as fast as people who live closer.
In New France they had a king who ruled the land but was too far away, so he hired the Sovereign Council to help/represent him. In Canada we elect our prime minister but he is like an important "Council" for the queen in England.
Who Helped Rule the Land
In 1663, the King made a Sovereign Council to govern New France. The Sovereign Council included the Governor General, the Intendant, and the Bishop. The Governor General was mainly in charge of military planning. The Intendant was responsible for keeping the law in New France and he controlled land grants and trade. The bishop was in charge for religious life in the colony and changing First Nations to Christianity.
Who Acts Like the Sovereign Council in Right Now?
In Canada currently, we have a Governor General but they are not in charge of military planning, they're the representative of the Queen in Canada. There are many people who act as Intendant such as the department of justice. We don't really have a Bishop because people have different religions, but the closest is a priest because they perform religious rites, and make sacrificial offerings.
House of Commons
Supreme Court of Canada
One of the differences is that our government right now has three sections; the Judicial Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Legislative Branch. In New France, everyone is connected because the King overrules the Advisors but the Advisors overrule the Sovereign Council, which consists of the Governor General, the Intendant, and the Bishop
The Militia Captains weren't only military leaders in a emergency, but on several occasions acted as a connection between the people and the government. For example, militia captains made sure that municipal laws were enforced and they kept an eye on public works projects. Militia captains were popular men of well known bravery, because it was known that the Canadians would only obey people they respected. Militia captains were like role models in their communities, because they knew how to read and write. They had to be fairly wealthy , because the Militia Captains didn't get paid.
The Compagnie des Cent-Associes
The Compagnie des Cent-Associes was created by Cardinal Richelieu. They had administrative, judicial and lawmaking powers over regular citizens, and trading privileges. They were created with the idea that they would promote settlement and create a colony.
Differences Between Government in New France and Present Day Canada