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"Children's knowledge of a different language or language va

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Transcript of "Children's knowledge of a different language or language va

BILINGUALISM:
Bilingualism in Education
What is 'The Language of Education' in the UK?
Modern Foreign Languages
In many educational situations, no other option available.
One language is chosen as the language of education.
[Lightbown & Spada 2013:171]
Lightbown & Spada 2013:214
At the moment there is great stress on the literacy in primary schools throughout the country.

"Too many primary schools are failing to teach children how to read, write and spell properly, an Ofsted report said yesterday".
This is pretty much known in the media and throughout the country. Schools are seen to be failing students with their English language.


The National Curriculum
& English Language
Presented by: Lyba & Zuleikha
References:
The Addition of Modern Languages:
The use of adding extra languages is to develop a child's skills in various ways. One is that a person is known to be more "cultured" from learning another language thus being able to travel (Omniglot 2013).
The above quotation does imply that we need the skills required and taught when learning MFL; it is not only imperative in a child's learning, but extremely helpful in today's multilingual society.

However, studying a foreign language is still viewed by many as a middle class pursuit that might come in handy on a foreign holiday. (The Guardian 2012).

Bilingualism education in the UK
Children in the UK, who speak more than one language, sometimes have great problems with their learning. There are many reasons such as not being able to express themselves on paper, struggling with the English.
"bilingualism is strongly associated with special educational needs"; this is suggesting that at times, bilingualism is an SEN.
On the other hand, research has shown "that bilingualism is beneficial for children's development and their future... become more aware of other cultures, people and other points of view... better at multitasking".
This is why the government are investing into modern language's for children now.
http://www.omniglot.com/language/articles/reasons.php
Statistics
According to recent research two thirds of the world's children grow up in a bilingual environment.
More precisely, of that, approximately 570 million people worldwide who speak English.
Over 41 percent or 235 million are bilingual in English and in one if not several other languages.
So, if bilingualism and multilingualism are currently the norm throughout the world, why is it so difficult in England to encourage students to learn another language?

http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2012/feb/23/learning-languages-multilingualism
"Languages would take up a lot more time in the curriculum" (The Guardian 2013). This article implies there is an unnecessary need to learn further languages; and doing so, only confuses people. Speaking only one language is needed for this country.

"Error prone" is also mentioned with knowing a few languages (Life as a bilingual 2011). Again adding to the confusion in languages.
http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2012/feb/23/learning-languages-multilingualism
Conclusion
Overall, we find that although bilingual students do struggle with their education, it also gives them the skills needed to travel and expand their knowledge. This goes the same for all students who choose to learn another language; research proves that it is an advantage in the long run.

Perhaps it is crucial, that all students should learn at least one other language; this could be done along with learning about other cultures. This could be helpful in many ways, not only would it minimize racial barriers but help with globalization.
BEING BILINGUAL 'BOOSTS BRAIN POWER'
There is "scientific evidence that proves learning a second language can boost brain power... protects the brain... and is seen as a mental workout for the mind..." (BBC 2012)





http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-17892521
".http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-81287/Literacy-letdown-primary-schools.html
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life-bilingual/201110/what-is-it-be-bilingual
This quote suggests that bilingualism is in fact a great advantage. Learning another language is an intellectual exercise in which students put in a lot of effort. A students' individual succession in learning a second language outweighs any difficulties faced acquiring it.
Translating is a generally exhausting aspect to being bilingual, "get tired, angry, or nervous when using the "wrong" language (Life as a bilingual 2011).

This article also mentions how it is incredibly hard to translate and "interpret" from time to time. It is not fair to have frustrate students and learners into learning another language. It is better that we do not put them through this stress.

There are so many disadvantages as to why learning and maintaining a language are not seen to be of benefit compared to the energy put in.

And many feel they do not know either of their languages, having not enough in depth knowledge of both.
What is it truly like to be Bilingual?
tired....
Pro's and Con's
Proposals
The Coalition government from August 2008, propsed schools have greater flexibility when deciding which languages to offer at key stage 3. There is a non-statutory explanatory note in the course of study indicating that the study of languages may include major European and world languages such as Arabic, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Mandarin, Russian, Spanish and Urdu. Schools may teach other languages in addition to, or instead of, the languages featured in this list.
We personally propose that in the following years, the government should make a student learn at least one language. This is so students are not pressured or exhausted; are proficiently confident enough to speak with fluency..
These proposals not only give schools flexibility, but students more control in their education as to which language they would like to learn.
Thank you very much for watching our presentation, we hope you enjoyed it.
League tables 2013:
Hundreds of schools below new targets
Hundreds of primary schools in England have failed to hit tougher literacy targets brought in this year.
http://www.ioe.ac.uk/56528.html
Definition:
The ability to use more than one language.

Bilingual Education:
Schooling in which students receive instruction in two (or more) languages, usually their home language and second language.

http://www.bilingualism-matters.org.uk/
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life-bilingual/201110/what-is-it-be-bilingual
theGuardian 2012
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-framework-for-key-stages-1-to-4/the-national-curriculum-in-england-framework-for-key-stages-1-to-4
"Teachers should develop pupils’ spoken language, reading, writing and vocabulary as integral aspects of the teaching of every subject. Fluency in the English language is an essential foundation for success in all subjects. "
The quote above is taken from the government's framework; it is included in the curriculum for key stages 1 to 4. This suggests the importance for any pupil in the UK, to understand and be able to read, write and speak fluent English.


http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-25332808
http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/teacher-blog/2013/mar/21/overhaul-modern-foreign-languages-teaching-british-schools
http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/teachingandlearning/curriculum/secondary/b00199616/mfl/languages
Bates, J. Lewis, S. Pickard, A. (2012): Educational Policy, Practice and the Professional. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.
2)
http://www.ioe.ac.uk/56528.html
http://www.bilingualism-matters.org.uk/

3)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-17892521
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life-bilingual/201110/what-is-it-be-bilingual

4)
http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2012/feb/23/learning-languages-multilingualism

5)
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-framework-for-key-stages-1-to-4/the-national-curriculum-in-england-framework-for-key-stages-1-to-4
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-81287/Literacy-letdown-primary-schools.html

6)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-25332808

7)
http://www.omniglot.com/language/articles/reasons.php
http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2012/feb/23/learning-languages-multilingualism
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life-bilingual/201110/what-is-it-be-bilingual

8)
http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/teachingandlearning/curriculum/secondary/b00199616/mfl/languages
Articles [Accessed 17 December 2013] Online
Lightbown, Patsy M. Spada, N (2013): How Languages are Learned: 4th ed. China: Oxford University Press.
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