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Transcript of Boxer Rebellion
In China now, specifically Beijing, and you ask about the Boxer Rebellion, they will only know it as the Foreign Intervention.
Also if you go to China, and ask anything about the rebellion or why they did it. They will put the blame on the missionaries or they will not even recall it. Lasting Effects: Background: The Boxers (Yinequan) original goal was to to destroy the dynasty and get the foreigners that were privileged in China. They were called the Boxers, because they practice boxing and calisthenic rituals because they believe that they will make them invincible. The Boxers decided they needed to increase their power because of economic impoverishment, multiple natural disastrous events, and increased foreign aggression * The Boxer Rebellion was made up of a peasant uprising in 1898 to drive foreigners out of Northern China in Shandong. Where the Boxer Rebellion began. The Yihequan or Boxers were the original name, but later on in the year of 1898 they were hired as militia to the government to defend themselves from the foreigners. Their name changed to the Yihetuan to sound more official. Who were the Boxers? The ruling dynasty at that time was the Qing(also known as Ch'ing and Manchu) dynasty. They were an anti-foreign and anti-mission force. They targeted the Qing dynasty and the influence of European powers in China. They were a secret society of young men that knew material arts and believed that by doing boxing and calisthenic rituals they would become immune to bullets and other types of wounds. Their attitude towards Westerners started around the time of the Opium War between Britain and China (1839-1842). They were one of the first ones to feel nationalism towards China. Where the Boxer Rebellion began. Yi-Ho Tuan was the name of the movement the Boxers created. Anti-foreign forces in China convinced the Boxers to stop moving against the Qing dynasty and focus on expelling outside powers. Empress Cixi(last of Qing/Manchu dynasty) eventually started to support the Boxers because the foreigners were taking over. Boxers didn't like how the Christian and Catholic church was changing Chinese ways, so they were the number one target. Over 32,000 were killed.
Empress Cixi supported the Boxers by helping them with troops and supplies. French, German, British, Japanese, and Russian people all had a share of China, after Japan defeated China in 1895. America was concerned that the influence spheres in China would cut them off from trading. US Secretary of State John Hay proposed the Open Door Policy to Japan and most European nations. The policy stated that all countries would have equal access to trade with China. Japan and the European powers neither accepted or denied the idea, but Hay announced that it was accepted. Foreign Influences: