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Diego Medeiros

on 4 July 2014

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Waterway Pollution
Evaluate one case of waterway pollution in a location of your choice and efforts to address this issue (perhaps focus on the efforts of 1-2 organizations)
Case 1: Mining- SC/Brazil

- Mining is an important activity

-Growing since the last industrial revolution

- Coal was the most accessible font of energy

- Large production / subsidies (cheap) (SATC 2011)

- Santa Catarina has suffered by waterway pollution, which is the contamination of rivers, from the coal mining activities (Glauser, McAllister & Milioli 2005, pp. 1-2).
Case 2: Industrial waste in China
。 Establishing the effective industrial management

。 Closing some of the high polluted industries

。 Creating constructed wetland system
Diego and Arwen
Source: Google images
- What is waterway pollution

- Specific location:
- Brazil
- Mining
- China
- Industries
- Explain (background)
- Define the problem (s)
- Solution (s)

- Conclusion
淤 Industries without management

喔 Untreated of waste water

痾 Eutrophication
Nitrogen(NH3-N) and Phosphorus (P)

(Algae growing)
Water pollution is the contamination of waterways (e.g. lakes, rivers, ocean, groundwater...) (Wikipedia 2014)
How can we pollute waterways?
The problem in SC
- Pyrite Oxidation

- Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)
Piryte oxidation
Oxidised piryte
Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)
- Lower pH = Acidification

- Abandoned mines (main source of AMD)

ㄟ The environment and economy
- Mining
- Industry

ㄟ The new laws of the government

ㄟ The efforts of companies
- Water = 7
- Acidified water in the rivers = 2 - 4
Personal collection
- Companies and government

- Decreeing mines as NEA (environmental care)

- Companies
- Working in the source of pollution
- Terra Verde (green earth)
- Promoting dialogue and integrating sustainable visions

Source: Google images
Reference list
Akcil, A & Koldas, S 2006, ‘Acid Mine Drainage (AMD): causes, treatment and case studies’, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1139-45, viewed 13 June 2014, ELSEVIER.

Freitas, APP, Schneider, IAH & Schwartzbold, A 2011, ‘Biosorption of heavy metals by algal communities in water streams affected by the acid mine drainage in the coal-mining region of Santa Catarina state, Brazil’, Minerals Engineering, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1215-18, viewed 13 June 2014, ELSEVIER.

Glauser, S, McAllister, ML & Milioli, G 2005, ‘The challenges of sustainability in mining regions: The coal mining region of Santa Catarina, Brazil’, Natural resources forum, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1-11, viewed 15 June 2014, Wiley Online Library.

Gomes, CJB, Mendes, CAB & Costa, JFCL 2011, ‘The Environmental Impact of Coal Mining: A Case Study in Brazil’s Sangão Watershed’, Mine Water and the Environment, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 159-68, viewed 14 June 2014, Springer.

Milioli, G 2005, ‘Mining, Environment, and Development in Southern Santa Catarina, Brazil: Non-Governmental Organization,“Terra Verde” and Its Ideas for Sustainability’, Environments: a journal of interdisciplinary studies, vol. 33, no.1, pp. 25-40, viewed 13 June 2014, Expanded Academic ASAP.

Olive, WW 1978, ‘Coal deposits of Latin America. Coal resources of the Americas’, Geological Society of America Special Paper, vol. 179, pp. 57-64, viewed 16 June 2014, Geological Society of America Publications.

Santa Catarina Philanthropic Association 2011, ‘Profile of coal mining in Santa Catarina state (Brazil) and its environmental impacts’, SIECESC, viewed 14 June 2014, <http://www.satc.edu.br/siecesc/pdf/linguas/coop_alemanha.pdf>.

SATC—see Santa Catarina Philanthropic Association 2011.

Silva, LFO, Oliveira, MLS, Da Boit, KM & Finkelman, RB 2009, ‘Characterization of Santa Catarina (Brazil) coal with respect to human health and environmental concerns’, Environmental geochemistry and health, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 475-85, viewed 15 June 2014, Springer.

Silva, LF, Izquierdo, M, Querol X, Finkelman, RB, Oliveira, ML, Wollenschlager, M & Macias, F 2011, ‘Leaching of potential hazardous elements of coal cleaning rejects’, Environmental monitoring and assessment, vol. 175, no. 1-4, pp. 109-26, viewed 15 June 2014, Springer.

Reference list
Personal collection
Do you think the waterway pollution will be controlled or will worsen in the future?

Did you find any case of waterway pollution in your country? Did it impact or change your life?

How can we control river pollution?

"Environmental pollution is a necessary stage of economic development"
says the man with a paper labeled "scientific development concept" in his pocket.
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Source: Google images
Chen, ZM, Chen, B, Zhou, JB, Li, Z, Zhou, Y, Xi, XR, Lin, C & Chen, GQ 2008, 'A vertical subsurface-flow constructed wetland in Beijing', Communications in nonlinear science and numerical simulation, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1986-1997, viewed 17 June 2014, ScienceDirect,

Cheng, S, Grosse, W, Karrenbrock, F & Thoennessen, M 2002, ' Efficiency of constructed wetlands in decontamination of water polluted by heavy metals', Ecological engineering, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 317-325, viewed 10 June 2014, ScienceDirect,

Dictionary.com Unabridged 2014, eutrophication, Dictionary.com Unabridged, viewed 10 June 2014,

Le, C, Zha, Y, Li, Y, Sun, D, Lu, H & Yin, B 2010, 'Eutrophication of lake waters in China: cost, causes and control', Environmental management, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 662-668, viewed 10 June, Springer Link,

Li, L, Li, Y, Biswas, DK, Nian, Y & Jiang, G 2008, 'Potential of constructed wetlands in treating the eutrophic water: Evidence from Taihu Lake of China', Bioresource technology, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 1656-1633, viewed 13 June 2014, ScienceDirect,

Shang, G & Shang, J 2005, 'Causes and control countermeasures of eutrophication in Chaohu lake, China', Chinese geographical science, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 348-354, viewed 10 June 2014, Springer Link,

Vrhovesk, D, Kukanja, V & Bulc, T 1996, 'Constructed wetland (CW) for industrial waste water treatment', Water research, vol. 30, no. 10, pp. 2287-2292, viewed 10 June 2014, ScienceDirect,

Wang, M, Webber, M, Finlayson, B, & Barnett, J 2008, 'Rural industries and water pollution in China', Journal of environmental management, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 648-659, viewed 10 June 2014, ScienceDirect,

Wu, C, Maurer, C, Wang, Y, Xue, S & Davis, DL 1999, 'Water pollution and human health in China', Environmental health perspectives, vol. 107, no. 4, pp. 251-256, viewed 10 June 2014, NCBI,

Zhang, D, Gersberg, MR & Keat, TS 2009, ' Constructed wetlands in China', Ecological engineering, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1367-1378, viewed 10 June 2014, ScienceDirect,
Chen et al. (2008, p. 1995)
Source: Google images
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