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The World After Rome

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Andrew C.

on 30 April 2010

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Transcript of The World After Rome

Byzantine Empire Islam Western Europe Founder: Constantine Capital: Constantinople Religion: Greek Orthodox Differences between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholicism In the Greek Orthodox church, there was no specific language used,although all sermons where read in Greek. The worship of icons where allowed, and there was no religious connection to the pope. Priests were also allowed to marry. In contrast, the Roman catholic Church prohibitted the worship of Icons, and specifically used latin as the official language. The Pope was the head of the church, and was the figure closest to God. Preists where celebate; they could not marry. The capital of the Byzantine empire had a great strategic location, in the middle of the world's crossroads. Justinian tried to re-conquer the west, and recover the ancient empire's lost land. He had partial success, because the land recovered was soon lost once again. Justinian established the "Justinian Code" a collection of the best Roman laws. He also constructed the Hagia Sophia, the greatest Greek Orthodox Church, inside Constantinople. Language: Greek (No Official Language for Religion) Patriarch: Leader of Greek Orthodox Church Baltic and black sea trade lead to spread of cyrillic alphabet and Greek Orthodox religion to Russia, Starting the Russian Orthodox Church. Cyrillic alphabet was a variation of Greek. Western Europe had little unification Post-Western Rome, and had only one thing in common throughtout its land; Roman Catholicisim. Charlemagne was the Emperor in 800AD
The church and state were together Charlemagne wanted to make his court at Aochen so he set out to revive latin learning. Franks took control of part of Europe. The pope was a spirtual leader of the Roman church; there language was Latin and the priest were celibate. Roman Catholic Church Feudalism - Fiefs give land to gain loyalty Castle were self sufficent manors, they farmed and knights protected them from invasions. The next great power to arise in the eastern world was Islam, a unifing religion arising from Medina and Mecca, founded by Muhammad, a man living in the city of mecca who has a vision involving his God. After leaving his home city, and converting the population of Medina, he returned to Mecca and took the city by force. The Religion quickly spread west from current day Saudi Arabia, and remains as one of the most important religions of today. The five Pillars of Islam
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