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Parts of Speech

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Arah Pinson

on 27 August 2015

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Transcript of Parts of Speech

Learn the basics:
Eight Parts of Speech
A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea
Verbs show action or state of being--that something is or exists...

collective nouns--refer a group
concrete noun--is tangible; can be experienced with one of the five senses
Different types of nouns
abstract--a concept or idea--cannot be touched
count--something that can be enumerated
non-count--cannot be enumerated
proper noun-- names a specific person, place, thing
like fluids
Katy Perry, a specific person
common- does not name a specific person, place or thing
fried chicken
Different types of verbs:
Action Verbs --indicate movement--the movement may be physical or mental
Helping Verbs or Auxiliary Verbs usually precede the main verb of the sentence, which they "assist".
Common helping verbs include but are not limited to will, shall, may, might, can, could, must, ought to, should, would, used to, need
Linking Verbs: "link" or connect the subject to words that rename or describe the subjects.
Words that decribe
the subject
Linking verb
This blanket
To Be Verbs show that something exists....
They often act as helping/linking verbs...
"Be" verbs include
be, being, been, is, was, were, am, are
become, became
Pronouns take the place of or rename other nouns and pronouns
Types of Pronouns
Personal Pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns--point to or indicate
Use "this" and "these" for things that are close
"Use "that" and "those" for things that are far away.
Relative Pronouns--begin dependent clauses
Most common: who, whoever, which, whichever, whom, whomever, that
Interrogative Pronouns-- ask questions:
who, what, when, where, how, why
Indefinite Pronouns--refer to things that are not specific
Examples include someone, something, everyone, everything,
no one, nothing, both, few, several, many, much, others
Reflexive Pronouns--show that someone did something to himself or herself, itself, etc.
Intensive Pronouns--emphasize
These pronouns end in -self or -selves
myself, ourselves, himself (no such word as hisself), herself, itself, yourselves, themselves (no such word as theirselves)
Prepositions show relationship between nouns/pronouns/phrases in a sentence
Where is the cat in relationship to the chair?
examples: in, under, below, beside, beneath, by,
in, outside, off, near, upon
Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses
Types of conjunctions:
Coordinating conjunctions
(also known as fanboys -for, and, but, or, yet, so
subordinating conjunctions
--begin dependent clauses (ex: as. before, if, when, until,while, because, even, even though, since)
correlative conjunctions
--are always used in pairs: not only...but also; both...and...; either...or..; neither...nor...; whether... or....
Modify or describe nouns or pronouns
Articles are considered adjectives: A, An, The
The big
bulldog sat in the
modify or describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs
Adverbs tell when, where, why, or to what extent and often end in -ly.
Examples of adverbs: never, now, then, soon, somewhere, everywhere, not, very
Interjections show emotions/emotions or commands.
Strong emotions are followed by an EXCLAMATION POINT!
Yes, mild emotions can be punctuated with a comma.
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