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Velocity and Acceleration

Section 3.2: Velocity and Acceleration >Science Words: Velocity, Speed >Objectives: (1) Compare and contrast speed, velocity, and acceleration. (2) Calculate acceleration.
by

Chris Hamilton

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of Velocity and Acceleration

Finally
Example Problem:

A car's velocity changes from 0 m/s to 30 m/s 10 seconds later. Calculate the car's average acceleration.
Velocity and Speed
Velocity and Acceleration
Speed only describes how fast something is moving.

Velocity describes both the speed and direction of an object.
Picture a motorcycle racing down the highway at 100 miles per hour. It meets another motorcycle going 100 miles per hour heading in the opposite direction.
The SPEED of the motorcycles are the same.

The VELOCITY of the motorcycles are different because the motorcycles are not moving in the same direction.
Acceleration...
Drag racers idle their engines, the starting signal flashes and the cars leap forward, moving faster and faster until the cars cross the finish line. The drivers release their drag chutes and the cars rapidly slow down and come to a stop.
Speed is not always constant. Like speed, velocity may also change!

Unlike speed, the velocity of an object can change even if the speed of the object remains constant.
Positive Acceleration
Velocity
EXAMPLE:
if a car goes around a curve in the road, its direction changes. Even if the speed remains constant, the velocity changes because the direction of the car changes.
While the car is gaining speed, it is accelerating.
The car is also accelerating while it is slowing down.
What is acceleration?
Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity.
Because velocity includes both speed and direction, if either one changes, velocity will change.
Acceleration can occur through a change in speed or a change in direction.
Acceleration
Negative Acceleration
Velocity
Acceleration
Time Interval
The amount of time that passed while the change in velocity was taking place.
α
Calculating Acceleration
to calculate average acceleration, divide the change in velocity by the time interval.
Change in velocity = final velocity - initial velocity
Be careful when identifying the initial and final velocity. (negative signs indicate negative acceleration) (positive signs indicate positive acceleration)
Remember?
1. What is known?

2. Which equation?

3. Solution?
initial velocity = 0 m/s

final velocity = 30 m/s

time = 10 secs
a = ( 30 m/s - 0 m/s ) / 10 s

a = 30 m/s / 10 s

a = 3 meters / second squared
Whatcha Know Now??
1. One jet plane is flying east at 880 km/h, and another plane is traveling north at 880 km/h. Do they have the same velocities? The same speeds? Explain.

2. A swimmer speeds up from 1.1 m/s to 1.3 m/s during the last 20 secs of the workout. What is the acceleration during this interval?

3. Describe 3 different ways to change your vvelocity when you are riding a bicycle.
Section 3.2: Velocity and Acceleration
DATE!
BE PROFESSIONAL!

Write your notes so that you can read them! If you cannot read them, neither can I... = BAD GRADE! :(
NOTES!!
SECTION REVIEW PROBLEMS!

Professionalism goes a long way but, ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS!! OR I will not grade them. ;P
:D
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