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Fact vs Opinion: Substantiated or Unsubstantiated

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by

Jessica Salinas

on 20 January 2016

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Transcript of Fact vs Opinion: Substantiated or Unsubstantiated

Fact vs Opinion: Substantiated or Unsubstantiated

In this lesson, you will learn to differentiate fact from opinion and decide whether an opinion is
substantiated
or not

Differentiate = to perceive the
difference
in or between.
Which of the following statements is a fact that may be verified as accurate? Which is an opinion?


• Austin is the capital of Texas.

• Austin is the best place to live in Texas.

Which of the following statements may be debated or argued (an opinion)?
A. Wednesday is the fourth day of the week.
B. Wednesday feels like the longest day of the week.

Opinions:
Are they substantiated or NOT?
The first step to becoming a good twenty-first century reader is to acquire the ability to distinguish between fact and opinion. Then, you can examine the difference between opinions that are substantiated and those that are not.

What type of substantiation is used to
support this opinion?

Opinion:
Austin is the best place to live in Texas.
Evidence to substantiate the opinion:
It has a lower crime rate and lower unemployment rate than any other major city in the state.

Opinion:
Americans need to get more exercise.

Evidence to substantiate opinion:
Thirty percent of American adults do not exercise regularly despite proven health benefits such as weight loss and prevention of diabetes and other diseases. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends 30 minutes of moderate exercise daily to improve health.
Opinion:
I feel that as a result of 9/11, we are now safer.

Evidence to substantiate the opinion:
A Department of Homeland Security has been created, and airline passengers are more carefully screened before boarding flights.


How do writers substantiate their opinions?
They cite
VERIFIABLE FACTS

(lower crime and unemployment rates),
EXAMPLES

(the creation of the Dept. of Homeland security),
STATISTICS

(30% of Americans are not exercising regularly) and
EXPERT OPINIONS
(the recommendation of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention) and
ANECDOTES
(short story-personal or observation).
Why Green?

How do writers substantiate their opinions?
They cite

VERIFIABLE FACTS
- Newspapers, credible websites, encyclopedias, etc.
EXAMPLES-
Actual organizations or groups
STATISTICS-
facts, numbers, percentages

EXPERT OPINIONS-
Doctors, lawyers, professors, teachers, scientists,
ANECDOTES- really
short stories or observations
Austin in the best city
in the world.

Full transcript