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Your Journey Through Type 2 Diabetes
Transcript of Your Journey Through Type 2 Diabetes
* Do not skip any meals. This could throw off your blood sugar predictions. Eat 3 balanced meals a day and snacks if desired (low-carbs)
* Limit your intake of saturated fat.
* Limit the amount of alcohol if you drink it.
* Reduce your sodium intake.
Diet Recommendations The A1C Test: this test is taken at a minimum twice a year and determines your blood glucose for the past couple of months. I shows overall glucose levels.
Blood Glucose Meters: Day-to-Day test for blood glucose.
Check for Keytones in the Urine: High and Low amount of glucose can also be detected by large amount of keytones in the urine.
Monitoring and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes "I've learned that small changes do count when it comes to living healthy."
- Carlos on the Lilly youtube channel A Story from a Teen Diabetic You have now learned about Type 2 diabetes and what you can do to manage it! Now go do it in the real world! Q: Who Can Get Diabetes? Diabetes can affect any person of any age, gender, or race. Q: What is Insulin and Glucose, and why do I need them? Glucose is a simple sugar that your body needs to use as a source of energy. It is absorbed from foods we eat and goes directly into our bloodstream. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose in your blood by letting it go into your body cells. Without insulin, your body cannot get glucose into your cells. Q: So, what is Diabetes? Diabetes is the lack of insulin function in the body. This means that glucose cannot get into your cells, causing you to not get the energy you need. This can cause problems if you cannot manage your lifestyle or get the treatment you need. Q: What types of Diabetes are there? There are two main types, Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. The one we are focusing on is Type 2. Q: What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes is when your body becomes resistant to insulin. Therefore, very little or no glucose is able to enter your cells. Some risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes may include: * Obesity or being overweight
* Impaired glucose tolerance (prediabetes)
* High Blood Pressure
* History of Gestational Diabetes
* Sedentary Lifestyle
* Family History
* Old Age Q: How many Carbs should I consume? The number of carbohydrates really depends on many different factors: how active you are, gender, age, and weight. Generally however, women should have 30-45 carbs per meal, and men should have about 45-60. Snacks should be limited to no more than 15g of carbs. Example 1 Day Menu: Breakfast:
* 1 large fried egg
* 2 pieces of buttered whole wheat toast
* 1 cup of milk
* 1/2 small banana
* 1 cup chunky vegetable soup (canned, low sodium)
* 1 small apple
* 3/4 cup orange juice (no extra sugar added) Dinner:
* McDonald's McDouble
* 1 cup milk Snacks: 1 small apple These foods are appropriate for a diabetic because they are not high in calories, are lower in carbs, and do not have much sodium. Diabetes Education Specialist These Specialists can help you manage your diabetes if you need help changing your diet or lifestyle. They encourage you to manage your own health care. Podiatrist A podiatrist helps treat and does research about foot health. Sometimes, diabetes can affect the foot and damage nerves there. It is important to see a podiatrist if you have any sort of tingling or pain in the foot if you have diabetes or prediabetes. Ophthalmologist Theses doctors specialize in eye and vision care. Diabetes can affect your vision, and these doctors can help you to prevent any eye related problems you may get. Exercise Recommendations Light exercise is very healthy for people with type 2 diabetes. This is because exercise can stimulate the body to become unresistant to insulin, so energy can go into the body cells. An example could be a light jog around the neighborhood, or at the gym. Medical Innovations There are some medical innovations that could improve the life and make it easier for diabetics to live in happiness.
Inhaled Insulin: Taking the place of injections, this lets type 2 diabetics breath in their insulin. Not only is it a more desirable delivery method, but it’s also faster-acting and has less of a risk of low blood sugar levels. While previous attempts at inhaled insulin have failed, this drug is showing fewer potential risks.
Sensor Augmented Pump: This insulin pump combines with continuous monitoring so that patients and their physicians can get real-time information on blood glucose levels through Internet-based software. Carlos was a 14 year old overweight boy who was eating unhealthily. He started showing symptoms of diabetes, so his mom took him to the doctor. When Carlos was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, he made small changes to his lifestyle to help with his condition. Six months after he was diagnosed, the doctor told him that if he kept eating healthy and exercising, then he might not need to take medicine for his condition anymore. Carlos is a good example that shows that small changes can make a big difference in your life. Citations: Brady, M., & Whyte, J. (n.d.). Young voices: Life with diabetes. Retrieved from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/diabetes/pdf/Lesson4.pdf Justin, S. (2012, May 18). Webmd. Retrieved from http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/diabetes-causes (2009). Retrieved from http://www.cpmc.org/learning/documents/diabetes-diet-ws.html Gill, P. (n.d.). ehow health. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/about_5061367_many-should-diabetic-consume-day.html McDonalds. (2012, October 25). Mcdonalds. Retrieved from http://nutrition.mcdonalds.com/getnutrition/nutritionfacts.pdf Nazario, B. (2011, August 31). Webmd. Retrieved from http://diabetes.webmd.com/sample-meal-plan Innovative new diabetic breakthroughs. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.agingresearch.org/content/article/detail/2866