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ABC's of U.S HIstory
Transcript of ABC's of U.S HIstory
By: Jacky Cisneros
Jim Crow Laws
September 11, 2001
Treaty of Versailles
The American Revolution was known as the war of independence, which lasted from 1775 to 1783. The revolution consisted of war between USA and the British. During the time George Washington was the commander. The problem started rising when tensions with the 13 colonies, which were the colonies in North America that represented as the British Crown. The main idea of the battle was to get the 13 colonies their own independence.
The bus boycott started out with a women, named Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat, in a bus that was segregated, to a white man. This was happening during the Civil Rights movement, where African Americans were fighting for equal rights. During the movement, there were many known leaders, including a man named Martin Luther King Jr. He took action by motivating other man and women to stop riding the bus. Eventually, the Supreme Court ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus systems.
The United States and the Soviet Union had a tense relationship, even though they fought together against the axis powers.Even though it is named the Cold War, there was no physical violence. The War was also mainly about who was better, between the two. This had led the Space race, and the Arms race.
The Dust Bowl was a devastated drought in the Great Plains region, that happened in the 1930s depression. The drought covered the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles, also the neighboring sections of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas. The drought consisted of light soil, little rainfall, and high winds. Close to 2.5 million people had fled from the affected area by 1940. Close to 10% of the people moved to California.
On March 1,1917, Germany had sent a message to Mexico, proposing an alliance against United States in case a war would begin. The Zimmerman message was one of the triggers that let U.S into the war. Germany had promised to give Mexico's land back, from the U.S, if they joined. When it began. U.S did not go in, in the beginning, because of the neutrality between the countries. All that ended with the Zimmerman telegram.
The yellow journalism was a style of newspaper during the 19th century. The Yellow Journalism started becoming important when the battleship, Main, sunk in Havana Harbor. Yellow Journalism started reporting everything that was happening in Cuba. Cuba was important because, the U.S invested millions of dollars in businesses and traded goods with Cuba. Without the help of Yellow Journalism, they wouldn't gotten help towards their independence.
Malcolm was known as a human right activist, and an African-American muslim minister. He was born as Malcolm Little but, changed to Malcolm X to signify his rejection of his "slave" name.
The emancipation proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863, by President Abraham Lincoln. This document declared to all people that are held as slaves, to be free. But this was only applied only to states designated as being in rebellion. The effects of the emancipation led to a great positive impact of the Union efforts and redefined the purpose of the war.
Flappers were described as a new, independent women of the 1920s. The women had finally won the right to vote. Voting was not the only thing that change for the women. They held many steady jobs, they changed the way they looked, and would go to frequent jazz clubs and vaudeville shows.
The Great Depression began in 1929 and ended in the early 1940s. It started out with a stock market crash. People tried to sell their stock to earn money, but no one could buy anything. Banks were forced to close because of the crash. The dust bowl had also happened during the Great Depression. Finally Franklin D. Roosevelt came up with the New Deal, which helped the people get out of the Great Depression.
The holocaust was known for the millions of deaths of the Jewish people. This also includes mass murder of Roman gypsies, homosexuals, etc. Concentration camps also played a big part in the Holocaust. People were either killed in gas chambers, starvation, exhaustion, or by diseases. The killings were also known as the "Final Solution.
The history of immigrants first started out
in the 17th century, when the first European settlements moved to the United Stated. Later on the years, more and more people came to the United States. One of the biggest reason of why the people to come is, to have a chance to a better life. With more people coming, immigration rules began to become stricter.
The Jim Crow Laws was made in 1876. The purpose was to segregate black people from the white population. President Lyndon Johnson abolished the laws when he signed the Civil rights act, in 1964. It caused outlawing discrimination in public accommodations. But, later black people were given the right to vote in 1965.
The war began on June 25, 1950. Korea was divided into two parts, making North Korea a communist. By July, America entered in the war, joining South Korea. The war was a war against the forces of international communism itself. In July 1953, the Korean war ended. Even though the war is over, the Korean peninsula is still divided.
A surprise attack happened on the U.S Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. This happened on December 7, 1941. Pearl Harbor held a 22,000 acre naval base. Around 360 Japanese planes attacked 33 American ships from the orders of Vice-Admiral Chuichi Nagumo. America lost 170 aircraft's as well as 18 ships. 3700 Americans died on that day.
Lynching is known as a hanging , burning at the stake, or shooting by a mob. Lynching was more used for the times of social and economic tension. It had also resulted from long-held prejudices and practices of discrimination. Lynching was known to be more in the United States, but also had happened somewhere around the world.
He was known as the man who assassinated President John F. Kennedy. He was a former U.S Marine who defected to the Soviet Union in 1959.
He was first arrested for murder of a police officer, and then charged with the death of the president. Two days later, after being transferred from police quarters, he was shot and wounded by nightclub owner, Jack Ruby.
Vietnamization was known as a policy, Richard Nixon administrated, during the Vietnam War to end U.S involvement in war. This also wanted to end "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam forces and assign them to increasing combat role. This policy referred to U.S combat troops specifically in ground combat role. U.S citizens' did not trust their government when they began the news about U.S soldiers massacring civilians at the invasion of Cambodia.
President Roosevelt started the New Deal program to give food and shelter to the needy. The different programs, in the New Deal, gave jobs that conserved, or protected, the natural environment. The New Deal also made regulations to try to prevent another depression. Ever since Roosevelt's presidency, American lives started to become better again.
The Emergency Quota Act, restricted Immigration in the United States. The act imposed a quota that limited a certain amount of immigrants who would be admitted from any country. The act has been proposed several time before. It did not become successful until 1921.
Mass production means a manufacture of a product. The mass production is usually done in an assembly line.
Ever since the assembly line became prominent, in the 1900s, the mass production became production. The mass production was also a way to make products in an efficient time.
Ragtime was a type of music, that was popular in the 20th century. One of the most famous ragtime composers was Scott Joplin. The introduction of ragtime music changed the society in a whole. People see it as a new way of life, and celebrate anything, even when things are going to wrong.
On this day, several invents had happened. First, an Islamic group hijacked four airplanes and carried suicide attacks. Two planes were flown into the towers of World Trade. The third plane crashed in the Pentagon just outside Washington D.C. Finally the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.Over 3,000 people killed in New York City and Washington,D.C, including more than 400 firefighters and police officers.
Germany and the Allies signed the Treaty of Versailles, in World War I. The Allies gathered together to talk about the treaty, but left out Germany and Austria-Hungary.
The treaty had ended world war I. The treaty was not helpful once after Germany broke the rules, from the treaty.
Urbanization consists of urban growth, and new change to the world. With urbanization, the world would not look like what it is today.
This also consisted of number of factories increasing, which helped give out more work to people who need it. The U.S transformed from agrarian to an urban nation.
The war began in September 1939, when Germany invaded Poland.
Britain and France declared war, but Germany took little action over it. In 1940, Germany launched an attack to Denmark and Norway, then later attacked Belgium, France and the Netherlands. During all the war, the Holocaust was also happening. Later on, America joined in when the Japanese attacked Perl Harbor.