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Muslim Culture and Healthcare
Transcript of Muslim Culture and Healthcare
and Lauren Muslim Culture and Healthcare Nation of Origin Because Muslim's are believers
in Islam, their origins are rooted
in Mecca. There are Muslim's of all races. Race is not a factor as long as one devotes him/herself to God. Race and Ethnicity "The family unit is regarded as the cornerstone of a healthy and balanced society"-Dhami and Sheikh Family Life Extended families offer many advantages:
Physical and Psychological Support
Respect increases with age. Elderly are sought upon for their life experiences and wisdom. Family is extended Communication Believe in the oneness of God
Muhammad as the last Prophet of God Religious Beliefs Muslims see pain as a test of their faith
Must have patience and endure the pain to show how strong their faith is to God.
If needed, they can seek medical care for pain and take pain medication.
"...needless pain and suffering are frowned upon." -Cultural Diversity and Cancer Pain Attitudes Toward Pain Mental Health: Healthcare and Illness Death Transplants: There is a split belief between
whether organ donation or
transplant should be permitted
for Muslims. Some believe it is
okay, some do not. Contraception: Muslims may use TEMPORARY contraception under certain conditions. However, PERMANENT contraception is only allowed if there is a health risk to the woman. Muslim people believe that God is the ultimate healer. However, some spiritual healing as part of their treatment. This involves:
Reciting the Qur'an over the site of pain
Exorcism of evil jinn. (supernatural creatures mentioned in the Qur'an)
Offering petitions Traditional Healing Believe death is predetermined by God. Therefore, they are very accepting. Life support is not condoned if it is merely prolonging the death of the individual. For these reasons, Muslims allow life support machines to be disconnected, even if some organs are still functioning. Suicide and euthanasia are strictly prohibited. Muslim's believe human lives are sacred. It is okay, however, to stop medical care if the individual has a terminal illness. Public grief is only allowed 3 days in Islam. During this time, non-family may visit. After, however, the family is to be left alone. Dress: Both men and women are expected to dress conservatively in public, around non-family, and members of the opposite sex. Men have to cover navel to knees and women only face, hands and feet may be exposed.
NOT all Muslim's follow this standard. The "Evil Eye": "A jealous look or comment upon the good fortune of another." -Boston Healing Project Evil Eye Jinn Qur'an Herbs and Food "Prophetic Medicine" Prohibits Alcohol and Pork Regular Consumption of Fruit, Vegetables, dates, yogurt, and milk. Honey and Black Seed widely used for GI relief and Derm issues. Food Beliefs It is a religious custom for an elder to say the Islamic prayer in a child's right ear shortly after birth. Halal (Approved Food)
Haram (Prohibited Food): Pork and it's by products, alcohol, animal fat, and meat not slaughtered according to Islam rule. Muslims must be careful that halal foods do not contain haram ingredients. Example: Nothing with Vanilla Essence because it contains alcohol. For some Islamic women, it is prohibited to speak to them and questions must be directed to a male.
However, this does not apply to ALL Muslims.
For those who wear the veil, facial expressions cannot be seen and it is crucial to listen to emotional cues in their voice.
It is an insult to shake with the left hand. That hand is only used for toileting functions. If you are male, do not initiate a hand shake with a veiled Islamic woman.
Generally touching between genders is frowned upon. Same sex touching is accepted, however. Sources Al-Atiyyat, N. M. H. (2009). Cultural diversity and cancer pain. Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, 11(3), 154-164.
Tanguay, M. (2012, March 01). Non verbal communication for islamic women.. Retrieved from http://prezi.com/dhlx82wbdy27/non-verbal-communication-for-islamic-women/
Queensland Health and Islamic Council of Queensland. Health Care Providers’ Handbook on Muslim Patients. Second Edition 2010. Division of the Chief Health Officer, Queensland Health, Brisbane 2010.
Boston University School of Medicine. (2012). Traditional healing beliefs and practices. Retrieved from http://www.bu.edu/bhlp/resources/islam/health/practices.htm Handbook on Muslim Healthcare Beliefs Individuals diagnosed with mental
illness or cognitive disability are
pardoned from prayers, fasting,
and other required duties of the
Islam. Dhami, S., & Sheikh, A. (2000). The muslim family: Predicament and promise. Western journal of medicine, 173, 352-355. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1071164
The Metropolitan Chicago Healthcare Council. (1999, December 08). Guidelines for health care providers interacting with muslim patients and their families. Retrieved from http://www.ispi-usa.org/guidelines.htm