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Intonation

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Foundation Skills Training Prezi

on 30 November 2018

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Transcript of Intonation

INTONATION
dictates liaisons and pronunciation

indicates mood and meaning
American Accent Training:
Do not speak word by word
Connect words to form sound groups
What exactly is staircase intonation?
lengthen your vowel sounds
double sounds that should be single
THREE WAYS TO MAKE INTONATION
STAIRCASE INTONATION
To
get louder or raise
the volume
To
streeeeetch
the word out or lengthen the word that you want to draw attention to
to
change pitch
(the most refined)
Use Staircase Intonation
DOs
DON'Ts
Statement Versus Question Intonation
Emotional
Question Intonation
SPELLINGS AND NUMBERS

IBM [Eye Bee
Em
]
MIT [Em Eye
Tee
]

Ph.D. [Pee Aitch
Dee
]
LA [Eh
Lay
]
IQ [Eye
Kyu
]
RSVP [Are Ess Vee
Pee
]
SOS [Ess Oh
Ess
]
X,Y, Z [Ex, Why,
Zee
]
Acronyms Pronunciation
Spellings Pronunciation

Box Bee Oh
Ex
Cook See Oh Oh
Kay
Wilson Dubba You Eye
El
,
Ess Oh
En
Numbers Pronunciation

Area Code 21
3
Zip Code 94
7
0
8
Date 9/6/6
2
Phone Number 55
5
-913
2
Regular Transitions of Nouns and Verbs
Nouns Verbs
an accent [æks'nt] to accent [æksĕnt]
a concert [känsert] to concert [k'nsert]
a conflict [känflikt] to conflict [k'nflikt]
a contest [käntest] to contest [k'ntest]
a contract [käntræct] to contract [k'ntrækt]
a contrast [käntræst] to contrast [k'ntræst]
a convert [känvert] to convert [k'nvert]
a convict [känvikt] to convict [k'nvict]
a default [deefält] to default [d'fält]
a desert* [dĕz'rt] to desert [d'z'rt]
Nouns Verbs
perfect [prf'ct] to perfect [prfekt]
produce [produce] to produce [pr'duce]
progress [prägr's] to progress [pr'grĕss]
a project [präject] to project [pr'jĕct]
a protest [protest] to protest [pr'test]
a rebel [rĕb'l] to rebel [r'bĕl]
a recall [reekäll] to recall [r'käll]
a record [rĕk'rd] to record [r'cord]
a reject [reject] to reject [r'jĕct]
research [res'rch] to research [r'srch]
a subject [s'bjekt] to subject [s'bjekt]
a suspect [s'spekt] to suspect [s'spekt]
Regular Transitions of Adjectives and Verbs
Nouns/Adjectives Verbs
advocate [ædv'k't]
animate [æn'm't]
alternate [ältern't]
appropriate [əpropre(y)'t]
approximate [əpräks'm't]
articulate [ärticyul't]
associate [əssosey't]
deliberate [d'libr't]
1. You need
to
insert
a paragraph here on this newspaper
insert
.
2. How can you
object
to this
object
?
3. I'd like
to
present
you with this
present
.
4. Would you care
to
elaborate
on his
elaborate
explanation?
5. The manufacturer couldn't
recall
if there'd been a
recall
.
Exercise
6. The religious
convert

wanted
to
convert

the world.
7. The political
rebels
wanted
to
rebel
against the world.
8. The mogul wanted
to
record
a new
record

for his latest artist.
9. If you
perfect
your intonation, your accent will be
perfect
.
10. Due to the drought, the fields didn't
produce
much
produce
this year.
11. Unfortunately, City Hall wouldn't
permit

them to get a
permit
.

12. Have you heard that your
associate
is known
to
associate

with gangsters?

13. How much do you
estimate
that the
estimate
will be?

14. The facilitator wanted
to separate
the general topic into
separate
categories.
duplicate [dupl'k't]
elaborate [elæbr't]
an estimate [ĕst'm't]
graduate [græjyu(w)'t]
intimate [int'm't]
moderate [mäder't]
predicate [prĕd'k't]
separate [sĕpr't]
STRESS
Nouns/Adjectives Verbs
Intonation
www.americanaccent.com
TBanderlipe
Syllabic
Compound Word
Phrase
Descriptive vs. Set Phrase
TYPES OF STRESS
Also known as word stress
Syllabic
Putting emphasis on a particular syllable in a word
Rule for 2-syllable words
NOUN VERB
an accent [
AK
-sent]
a concert [
KON
-surt]
a conflict [
KON
-flikt]
a contest [
KON
-test]
a contract [
KON
-trakt]
progress [
PROG
-res]
a project [
PROJ
-ekt]
a protest [
PROH
-test]
a rebel [
REB
-uhl]
a recall [
REE
-kawl]
a record [
REK
-erd]
1.
You need to
insert
a paragraph here on this newspaper
insert
.

2.
How can you
object
to this
object
?

3.
I'd like to
present
you with this
present.

4.
Don't desert me here in the desert!

5.
The manufacturer couldn't
recall
if there'd been a
recall
.
Practice
6.
The religious
convert
wanted to
convert
the world.

7.
The political
rebels
wanted to
rebel
against the world.

8.
The mogul wanted to
record
a new
record
for his latest artist.

9.
If you
perfect
your intonation, your accent will be
perfect
.

10
. Due to the drought, the fields didn't
produce
much
produce
this year.

Compound nouns
MO
-bile phone
TEA
-spoon
VOICE
-mail
Compound adjectives
Compound verbs
ill-
FIT
-ting
well-
KNOWN
long
STAND
ing
under
STAND
turn
OFF
break
THROUGH
Phrase
Putting emphasis on a series of words
Provides English its rhythm or beat
Content Words
often emphasized in phrases
usually unstressed in phrases
bring meaning to the listener
linked to other words in a phrase
composed of nouns, main verbs, adjectives, adverbs, negative auxiliaries, and question words
composed of pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, auxiliary verbs, and articles
makes grammatical sentences
Practice
1.
Good morning. This is Sarah.
2.
I would like to speak with Ms. Smith, please.
3.
How are you feeling today?
4.
I'm glad to hear you are doing fine.
5.
John, you need to finish all the laboratory tests
tomorrow, so you can see a doctor on the weekend.
1.
Good
morning.
This is
Sarah
.


2.
I would like to
speak
with Ms.
Smith
, please.

3.

How
are you
feeling today
?

4.
I’m
glad
to
hear
you are
do
ing
fine
.

5.
John, you
need
to
finish all
the laboratory
tests tomorrow,
so you can
see
a
doctor
on the
week
end.

Function Words
Contrastive Stress
Emphatic Stress
New Information Stress
It is used when you want to oppose an idea.
The patient wants to speak to
his
case manage. (not you)
It is given to a word to intensify its meaning.
You
cannot
bend your left wrist, right?
It is used for new information that answers a Wh- questions.
Once Dr. Fuller
completes
the
recommendation
form, you can
immediately
file for your STD benefit.
Types of Stress
When can I file my STD form?
Descriptive Phrase
Set Phrase
an adjective + a noun

stress is on the noun in a phrase
a noun adjective + a noun

stress is on the adjective in the phrase
a sharp knife
a steak knife
Practice
1.
The hitchhikers took a long walk in Long Beach.

2.
My best friend plays football every weekend in New York.

3.
Herbert is behind that locked door because he doesn’t want anyone to enter his darkroom.

4.
The visitors passed through the back gate to see his orange trees.

5.
Lisa bought a one-way ticket to the United States.

1.
The
hitch
hikers
took a
long
walk
in
Long
Beach
.

2.
My
best
friend

plays

foot
ball
every
week
end
in

New
York
.

3.
Herbert is behind that
locked
door

because he doesn’t want anyone to enter his

dark
room
.

4.
The visitors passed through the
back
gate

to see his
orange
trees
.

5.
Lisa bought a
one-way
ticket

to the
United
States
.

to accent [ak-
SENT
]
to concert [kuhn-
SURT
]
to conflict [kuhn-
FLIKT
]
to contest [kuhn-
TEST
]
to contract [kuhn-
TRAKT
]
to progress [pruh-
GRES
]
to project [pruh-
JEKT
]
to protest [pruh-
TEST
]
to rebel [ri-
BEL
]
to recall [ri-
KAWL
]
to record [ri-
KAWRD]
to advocate [ædv'kεit]
to animate [æn'mεit]
to alternate [älternεit]
to appropriate [əpropre(y)εit]
to approximate [əpräks' mεit]
to articulate [ärticyəlεit]
to associate [əssoseyεit]
to deliberate [d'liberεit]
to duplicate [dupl'kεit]
to elaborate [əlæberεit]
to estimate [εst' mεit]
to graduate [græjyu(w)εit]
to intimate [int' mεit]
to moderate [mäderεit]
to predicate [prεd'kεit]
to separate [sεperεit]
Full transcript