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Copy of U.S. Becomes a World Leader: Imperialism

American Expansionism starting in 1890s

Laurie Smith

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of Copy of U.S. Becomes a World Leader: Imperialism

How the United States
expanded and set itself
on a path to becoming a
world power
is here
(cc) image by jantik on Flickr
when a strong country takes over a weaker country politically in order to control raw materials.
A person who favors taking over land outside of the United States
When one country becomes a "body guard", but the local power governs itself.
July 1898:
Treaty ends war
Cuba independent
Spain pays U.S. $20 mil
Spain cedes the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the U.S.

The U.S.S. Maine explodes in Havana Harbor
(...most likely an accident, but media calls it 'the work of an enemy!!!'
U.S. declares war!
Spanish-American War begins and ends in 1898.
Monroe Doctrine in 1820 says that Europe needs to stay out of the Americas.
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Reasons for american expansionism...
"sea to shining sea has been accomplished"
No more land...
No more new resources...

Naval Expert ALFRED T. MAHAN believes that a country is only as good as its NAVY
European Powers were going after colonies in Africa & the Pacific
Industrial supremacy requires overseas markets
"White Man's Burden": spreading Christinanity and civilization to "weaker races"
so... why?
now... where to start?
U.S. interested in CUBA after an anti-Spanish rebellion breaks out in 1895
"Sensationalized" reports of Spanish mistreatment of Cuban citizens in media.

Called "Yellow Journalism"- creates support for Imperialism from American public

Teddy Roosevelt and the "Rough Riders" charge Cuba's San Juan Hill in the only significant land battle

Notable Events
(cc) photo by medhead on Flickr

Hawaii - A case study of American Imperalism.
Hawaii had its own queen and its own society
Queen Liliuokalani
The queen did not want to become part of the United States.
Sanford Dole
Sanford Dole was an American businessman who brought the American ideas of capitalism and democracy to the Island in the 1800's. Americans got rich off the sugar and fruits on the island.
Hawaii was founded in the 8th century by Polynesian sailors. They had their
own unique culture with surfing.
However, Sanford Dole overthrew the queen and Hawaii became part of the United States.Even today some Hawaiians are unhappy about this.
Full transcript