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GCSE English Language Mock Exam Prep (Higher)

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Mrs Scudder

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of GCSE English Language Mock Exam Prep (Higher)

Higher Tier GCSE English Language Unit 1 READING SKILLS READING STRATEGIES Section A

Close reading: You pay close attention to the sentences, taking time to understand the meaning.

Skimming: Your eyes dart around a text searching for specific words or phrases.

Reading backwards and forwards: When you have to read back in a text or read forward in order to make connections or clarify your ideas.

Inferring: When someone makes a point that isn’t obvious and you have to read “between the lines” to find the meaning. question 1 This will always test your ability to FIND INFORMATION IN A TEXT.

Work in groups to write an answer to question 1.

These will be peer assessed. question 1 answers must include:


1. Integrated/embedded, precise and specific quotations.

2. Evidence of engagement with the text (this suggests, perhaps this means, this reveals).

3. Appropriate connectives to link the answers you identify.

4. Evidence of some proof reading to ensure the question has been answered correctly. individual task Read the text using the appropriate strategies identified at the start. Answer question 1, aiming to gain the full 8 marks.

Check your answer against this A/A* response: Revision Practise reading different types of texts then use reading strategies to identify the main points.

Try to read as many:
articles
leaflets
adverts
posters
and biographies (find extracts online)
as you can. questions 2 and 3 Question 2: Analysing presentation and linking to text.

Question 3: The 'inference' question. This advert depicts toddlers in roller skates and this is the denotation of it. However, what are the connotations of it? On the following page, you will see another advert.
This time, you will read the images to look at the denotation and the connotations of it. Putting it all together: what do we associate with it? (connotation) What is it? (denotation) what do we associate with it? (connotation) What is it? (denotation) CONNOTATION is the extra, linked meaning that goes with any sign.

The connotations of a sign will be much more personal than the straight forward denotation because they are to do with personal ideas and feelings about it.

The connotations will not be the same for everybody.
DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION

Words and images in media texts can work on more than one level.

You will come across the terms denotation and connotation throughout your lessons.

They are important terms for you to understand. Producers use colour for a certain reason;
Based on everything that you have just learnt, I would like you to analyse the use of colour in the following text and attempt to write about it using PEA PEA 10
If I was advertising anything that I wanted to seem mysterious, what colour should I use? 9
Which particular shade of which colour promotes the idea of wealth to come in the future? 8
If I wanted to create an advert that warned people against something, what colour should I use most? 7
If I was advertising a natural and tranquil product, what colours should I use?
5
What colour do people associate with stability, reliability, and approachability? 4
What colour would make people feel happy and optimistic? 1
What colour is seen as trustworthy and dependable? List 1-10 in your books:
1) What colour is seen as trustworthy and dependable?
2) What colour is seen as authoritative and powerful ?
3) What colour is associated with purity, cleanliness, and neutrality?
4) What colour would make people feel happy and optimistic?
5) What colour do people associate with stability, reliability, and approachability? The Colour Quiz: Projects purity, cleanliness, and neutrality.

The physical and mental effects: * Aids mental clarity * Encourages us to clear clutter or obstacles * Evokes purification of thoughts or actions * Enables fresh beginnings To recognise that producers use colour to convey meaning;
To understand the terms denotation and connotation

The term denotation means:

The term connotation means: Colour Use, Denotation and Connotation
Today’s Lesson Objectives were: And the lamb…
For some a lamb has linked or extra meanings to do with Wales..
For others it has religious meaning.
It can even stand for a season- Spring . For romantics a red rose can be a symbol of love.
In Lancashire it is a symbol for the county.
It has even been a symbol for a political party.
These are all connotations or extra layers of meaning that the image carries with it. It’s a flower (denotation)
But, the connotation is everything that we associate with it.
What so you associate with roses, record it on your boards! What is it? 6
What colour would is seen as fun and flamboyant and radiates warmth and energy? 3
What colour is associated with purity, cleanliness, and neutrality? 2
What colour is seen as authoritative and powerful ? 6) What colour would is seen as fun and flamboyant and radiates warmth and energy?
7) If I was advertising a natural and tranquil product, what colours should I use?
8) If I wanted to create an advert that warned people against something, what colour should I use most?
9) Which particular shade of which colour promotes the idea of wealth to come in the future?
10) If I was advertising anything that I wanted to seem mysterious, what colour should I use? The Colour Quiz: Is authoritative and powerful

Evokes strong emotions

The physical and mental effects: * feeling inconspicuous * a restful emptiness * mysterious evoking a sense of potential and possibility stability, reliability, and approachability

The physical and mental effects: * Feeling of wholesomeness * Stability * Connection with the earth * Offers a sense orderliness Provokes a sense of mystic and royal qualities

The physical and mental effects: * Uplifting * Calming to mind and nerves * Offers a sense of spirituality * Encourages creativity Fun and flamboyant orange radiates warmth and energy

The physical and mental effects: * Stimulates activity * Stimulates appetite * Encourages socialising Is about optimism, enlightenment, and happiness

Shades of golden yellow carry the promise of a positive future

The physical and mental effects: * Mentally stimulating * Stimulates the nervous system * Activates memory * Encourages communication Is seen as trustworthy, dependable and committed

Invokes rest and can cause the body to produce chemicals that are calming

The physical and mental effects: * Calming and sedate * Cooling * Aids intuition Colour science is real! It is proven that certain colours have certain effects on human beings and, in order to study non fiction texts, we need to know what these effects are.
On the following slides, you will see just a block of colour.
Your task is to literally write down, on your whiteboard, what feelings and emotions…or messages that colour conveys to you.
Listen carefully to all that you are about to learn, as there will be a detailed test on the colours that The Psychology of Colour: To recognise that producers use colour to convey meaning;
To understand the terms denotation and connotation


Today’s Challenge word:
Denotation – how many words can you make out of the letters. Words must be 3 letters or more! Colour Use, Denotation and Connotation
DATE:
Today’s Lesson Objectives: 2:- Beach. Seaside. Holiday. Family holiday. Traditional British holiday. 1 :- Sky. Sand. Girl. Boy. Donkey. Denotation. Straightforward reading of what is in the picture.

Connotation. The extra, linked meanings that go with the picture. A two step content analysis of pictures. Think about the apple…
It can be a symbol of health.
It can have associated meanings of New York -“The Big Apple”.
It can even have stand for sin.
These are all connotations or extra layers of meaning that the image carries with it. DENOTATION is the straight forward or common- sense meaning of a sign.
Literally what is actually shown in an image.
A red rose is a flower – that is its straight forward meaning or denotation

An apple is a fruit we eat-

A lamb is a young sheep- P The colours used in this advert are important because….

E The Producer has used blue in…

A This suggests…


Extension:
The producer has also used white, to give an impression of… PEA Connotations of danger (STOP)
Connotations of sex and passion
Love, blood and the heart

The physical and mental effects: * Increases enthusiasm * Stimulates energy * Encourages action and confidence * A sense of protection from fears and anxiety The connotations for all of these pictures is the same as the previous one- traditional,family holidays.
The bright colours, blue skies and smiling faces have connotations of happiness. Notice how other pictures can have different denotational suggestions but the same connotational suggestions. Which colour you choose, will say a lot about you as a person… what type of person you are.
From the colours below, on your whiteboard, choose the one that most appeals to you and hold it up for us all to see: What colour are you? The physical and mental effects
* Soothing * Relaxing mentally as well as physically * Helps alleviate depression, nervousness and anxiety * Offers a sense of renewal, self-control and harmony The natural greens are seen as tranquil and refreshing
Green is considered the color of peace and ecology This advert depicts toddlers in roller skates and this is the denotation of it. However, what are the connotations of it? what do we associate with it? (connotation) What is it? (denotation) CONNOTATION is the extra, linked meaning that goes with any sign.

The connotations of a sign will be much more personal than the straight forward denotation because they are to do with personal ideas and feelings about it.

The connotations will not be the same for everybody.
DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION

Words and images in media texts can work on more than one level.

You will come across the terms denotation and connotation throughout your lessons.

They are important terms for you to understand. Producers use colour for a certain reason;
Based on everything that you have just learnt, I would like you to analyse the use of colour in the following text and attempt to write about it using PEA PEA 9
Which particular shade of which colour promotes the idea of wealth to come in the future? 8
If I wanted to create an advert that warned people against something, what colour should I use most? 7
If I was advertising a natural and tranquil product, what colours should I use? 6
What colour would is seen as fun and flamboyant and radiates warmth and energy?
5
What colour do people associate with stability, reliability, and approachability? 4
What colour would make people feel happy and optimistic? 3
What colour is associated with purity, cleanliness, and neutrality? 1
What colour is seen as trustworthy and dependable? List 1-10 in your books:
1) What colour is seen as trustworthy and dependable?
2) What colour is seen as authoritative and powerful ?
3) What colour is associated with purity, cleanliness, and neutrality?
4) What colour would make people feel happy and optimistic?
5) What colour do people associate with stability, reliability, and approachability? The Colour Quiz: Projects purity, cleanliness, and neutrality.

The physical and mental effects: * Aids mental clarity * Encourages us to clear clutter or obstacles * Evokes purification of thoughts or actions * Enables fresh beginnings Colour science is real! It is proven that certain colours have certain effects on human beings and, in order to study non fiction texts, we need to know what these effects are.
On the following slides, you will see just a block of colour.
Your task is to literally write down, on your whiteboard, what feelings and emotions…or messages that colour conveys to you.
Listen carefully to all that you are about to learn, as there will be a detailed test on the colours that The Psychology of Colour: To recognise that producers use colour to convey meaning;
To understand the terms denotation and connotation

The term denotation means:

The term connotation means: Colour Use, Denotation and Connotation
Today’s Lesson Objectives were: On the following page, you will see another advert.
This time, you will read the images to look at the denotation and the connotations of it. Putting it all together: 2:- Beach. Seaside. Holiday. Family holiday. Traditional British holiday. 1 :- Sky. Sand. Girl. Boy. Donkey. Denotation. Straightforward reading of what is in the picture.

Connotation. The extra, linked meanings that go with the picture. A two step content analysis of pictures. what do we associate with it? (connotation) What is it? (denotation) For romantics a red rose can be a symbol of love.
In Lancashire it is a symbol for the county.
It has even been a symbol for a political party.
These are all connotations or extra layers of meaning that the image carries with it. It’s a flower (denotation)
But, the connotation is everything that we associate with it.
What so you associate with roses, record it on your boards! What is it? P The colours used in this advert are important because….

E The Producer has used blue in…

A This suggests…


Extension:
The producer has also used white, to give an impression of… PEA 10
If I was advertising anything that I wanted to seem mysterious, what colour should I use? 2
What colour is seen as authoritative and powerful ? Is authoritative and powerful

Evokes strong emotions

The physical and mental effects: * feeling inconspicuous * a restful emptiness * mysterious evoking a sense of potential and possibility stability, reliability, and approachability

The physical and mental effects: * Feeling of wholesomeness * Stability * Connection with the earth * Offers a sense orderliness Provokes a sense of mystic and royal qualities

The physical and mental effects: * Uplifting * Calming to mind and nerves * Offers a sense of spirituality * Encourages creativity Fun and flamboyant orange radiates warmth and energy

The physical and mental effects: * Stimulates activity * Stimulates appetite * Encourages socialising Connotations of danger (STOP)
Connotations of sex and passion
Love, blood and the heart

The physical and mental effects: * Increases enthusiasm * Stimulates energy * Encourages action and confidence * A sense of protection from fears and anxiety Is seen as trustworthy, dependable and committed

Invokes rest and can cause the body to produce chemicals that are calming

The physical and mental effects: * Calming and sedate * Cooling * Aids intuition To recognise that producers use colour to convey meaning;
To understand the terms denotation and connotation


Today’s Challenge word:
Denotation – how many words can you make out of the letters. Words must be 3 letters or more! Colour Use, Denotation and Connotation
DATE:
Today’s Lesson Objectives: Think about the apple…
It can be a symbol of health.
It can have associated meanings of New York -“The Big Apple”.
It can even have stand for sin.
These are all connotations or extra layers of meaning that the image carries with it. 6) What colour would is seen as fun and flamboyant and radiates warmth and energy?
7) If I was advertising a natural and tranquil product, what colours should I use?
8) If I wanted to create an advert that warned people against something, what colour should I use most?
9) Which particular shade of which colour promotes the idea of wealth to come in the future?
10) If I was advertising anything that I wanted to seem mysterious, what colour should I use? The Colour Quiz: Which colour you choose, will say a lot about you as a person… what type of person you are.
From the colours below, on your whiteboard, choose the one that most appeals to you and hold it up for us all to see: What colour are you? Is about optimism, enlightenment, and happiness

Shades of golden yellow carry the promise of a positive future

The physical and mental effects: * Mentally stimulating * Stimulates the nervous system * Activates memory * Encourages communication The physical and mental effects
* Soothing * Relaxing mentally as well as physically * Helps alleviate depression, nervousness and anxiety * Offers a sense of renewal, self-control and harmony The natural greens are seen as tranquil and refreshing
Green is considered the color of peace and ecology The connotations for all of these pictures is the same as the previous one- traditional,family holidays.
The bright colours, blue skies and smiling faces have connotations of happiness. Notice how other pictures can have different denotational suggestions but the same connotational suggestions. And the lamb…
For some a lamb has linked or extra meanings to do with Wales..
For others it has religious meaning.
It can even stand for a season- Spring . DENOTATION is the straight forward or common- sense meaning of a sign.
Literally what is actually shown in an image.
A red rose is a flower – that is its straight forward meaning or denotation

An apple is a fruit we eat-

A lamb is a young sheep- On the following page, you will see another advert.
This time, you will read the images to look at the denotation and the connotations of it. Putting it all together:
DENOTATION AND CONNOTATION

Words and images in media texts can work on more than one level.


They are important terms for you to understand. 9
Which particular shade of which colour promotes the idea of wealth to come in the future? 7
If I was advertising a natural and tranquil product, what colours should I use? 6
What colour would is seen as fun and flamboyant and radiates warmth and energy? 4
What colour would make people feel happy and optimistic? 1
What colour is seen as trustworthy and dependable? 6) What colour would is seen as fun and flamboyant and radiates warmth and energy?
7) If I was advertising a natural and tranquil product, what colours should I use?
8) If I wanted to create an advert that warned people against something, what colour should I use most?
9) Which particular shade of which colour promotes the idea of wealth to come in the future?
10) If I was advertising anything that I wanted to seem mysterious, what colour should I use? The Colour Quiz: Projects purity, cleanliness, and neutrality.

The physical and mental effects: * Aids mental clarity * Encourages us to clear clutter or obstacles * Evokes purification of thoughts or actions * Enables fresh beginnings. Brown suggests stability, reliability, and approachability.

The physical and mental effects: * Feeling of wholesomeness * Stability * Connection with the earth * Offers a sense orderliness. Colour science is real! It is proven that certain colours have certain effects on human beings and, in order to study non fiction texts, we need to know what these effects are.
On the following slides, you will see just a block of colour.
Your task is to literally write down, on your whiteboard, what feelings and emotions…or messages that colour conveys to you. Question 2:
Analysing presentational features and linking to text. To recognise that producers use colour to convey meaning;
To understand the terms denotation and connotation

The term denotation means:

The term connotation means: Colour Use, Denotation and Connotation
Today’s Lesson Objectives were: This advert depicts toddlers in roller skates and this is the denotation of it. However, what are the connotations of it? what do we associate with it? (connotation) What is it? (denotation) It’s a flower (denotation)
But the connotation is everything that we associate with it.
What do you associate with roses? What is it? CONNOTATION is the extra, linked meaning that goes with any sign.

The connotations of a sign will be much more personal than the straight forward denotation because they are to do with personal ideas and feelings about it.

The connotations will not be the same for everybody. Producers use colour for a certain reasons.
Based on everything that you have just learnt, I would like you to analyse the use of colour in the following text and attempt to write about it using PEA. 10
If I was advertising anything that I wanted to seem mysterious, what colour should I use? 8
If I wanted to create an advert that warned people against something, what colour should I use most?
5
What colour do people associate with stability, reliability, and approachability? 3
What colour is associated with purity, cleanliness, and neutrality? 2
What colour is seen as authoritative and powerful ? List 1-10 in your books:
1) What colour is seen as trustworthy and dependable?
2) What colour is seen as authoritative and powerful ?
3) What colour is associated with purity, cleanliness, and neutrality?
4) What colour would make people feel happy and optimistic?
5) What colour do people associate with stability, reliability, and approachability? The Colour Quiz: Provokes a sense of mystic and royal qualities.

The physical and mental effects: * Uplifting * Calming to mind and nerves * Offers a sense of spirituality * Encourages creativity. Fun and flamboyant orange radiates warmth and energy.

The physical and mental effects: * Stimulates activity * Stimulates appetite * Encourages socialising. Connotations of danger (STOP).
Connotations of sex and passion.
Love, blood and the heart.

The physical and mental effects: * Increases enthusiasm * Stimulates energy * Encourages action and confidence * A sense of protection from fears and anxiety Is about optimism, enlightenment, and happiness

Shades of golden yellow carry the promise of a positive future

The physical and mental effects: * Mentally stimulating * Stimulates the nervous system * Activates memory * Encourages communication Is seen as trustworthy, dependable and committed.

Invokes rest and can cause the body to produce chemicals that are calming.

The physical and mental effects: * Calming and sedate * Cooling * Aids intuition. To recognise that producers use colour to convey meaning;
To understand the terms denotation and connotation


Today’s Challenge word:
Denotation – how many words can you make out of the letters. Words must be 3 letters or more! Colour Use, Denotation and Connotation
DATE:
Today’s Lesson Objectives: And the lamb…
For some a lamb has linked or extra meanings to do with Wales..
For others it has religious meaning.
It can even stand for a season- Spring . Think about the apple…
It can be a symbol of health.
It can have associated meanings of New York -“The Big Apple”.
It can even have stand for sin.
These are all connotations or extra layers of meaning that the image carries with it. what do we associate with it? (connotation) What is it? (denotation) For romantics a red rose can be a symbol of love.
In Lancashire it is a symbol for the county.
It has even been a symbol for a political party.
These are all connotations or extra layers of meaning that the image carries with it. DENOTATION is the straight forward or common- sense meaning of a sign.
Literally what is actually shown in an image.
A red rose is a flower – that is its straight forward meaning or denotation

An apple is a fruit we eat-

A lamb is a young sheep- PEA P The colours used in this advert are important because….

E The producer has used blue in…

A This suggests…


Extension:
The producer has also used white, to give an impression of… PEA Is authoritative and powerful.

Evokes strong emotions.

The physical and mental effects: * feeling inconspicuous * a restful emptiness * mysterious evoking a sense of potential and possibility. The colour you choose will say a lot about you.

From the colours below choose the one that most appeals to you write it down on your whiteboard, What colour are you? The physical and mental effects
* Soothing * Relaxing mentally as well as physically * Helps alleviate depression, nervousness and anxiety * Offers a sense of renewal, self-control and harmony The natural greens are seen as tranquil and refreshing.
Green is considered the colour of peace and ecology. 2:- Beach. Seaside. Holiday. Family holiday. Traditional British holiday. 1 :- Sky. Sand. Girl. Boy. Donkey. Denotation. Straightforward reading of what is in the picture.

Connotation. The extra, linked meanings that go with the picture. A two step content analysis of pictures. The connotations for all of these pictures is the same as the previous one- traditional,family holidays.
The bright colours, blue skies and smiling faces have connotations of happiness. Notice how other pictures can have different denotational suggestions but the same connotational suggestions. The Psychology of Colour: White brown black blue putting it all together Read Text 2 from the January 2011 Insert Booklet.

Consider what we have covered today and use the 'Putting it Precisely' handout to help you answer the question.

Do you achieve at least five marks? QUESTION 3 Analysing Language Work in pairs to match the examples to the techniques.

Now annotate the mini-texts, identifying techniques.

What is the FATP of each text? b/c grade response Use the highlighters to identify:

POINTS and TECHNIQUES (in one colour)
INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS (in a different colour) A*/A response Use the highlighters to identify:

POINTS and TECHNIQUES (in one colour)
INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS (in a different colour) QUESTION 3 TIPS 1. PEA is vital.
2. Close textual analysis (writing a lot about a little).
3. Explaining and analysing your interpretations precisely.
4. Remember that this question is always about language.
5. Keep referring to the question. make sure you revise or you could end up on the news... Question 4 Can you compare?

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/english/reading/questionsrev4.shtml

Now read texts 2 and 3 identifying examples you could use to answer question 4.

When you're ready, begin to answer the question in pairs in Word. your attempts at question 4 Source 3 is an extract from a book about a journey to Mount Everest and Source 1 is an article about travel through the Grand Canyon. In source 3 techniques such as rhetorical questions, short sentences and personal pronouns. The technique of short sentences builds tension and makes the text more interesting to read. The use of rhetorical questions involves the reader and makes them think about an answer that isn’t needed to be given. Personal pronouns create a close relationship with the reader and writer; the personal pronouns used in source3 are ‘I’ and ‘We’.

Band ? Source 2 “Fearsome Tyrannous Rex Sue may have died of a sore throat” and Source 3 “Everest the Hard Way” is very different in more ways than one. Some differences between them are that Source 2 uses a lot of technical vocabulary such as “humble” and “parasite” which suggest that the text is directed towards a narrower audience. However it also uses direct speech as Steve Salisbury says “It’s ironic to think that an animal as mighty as Sue probably died as a result of a parasitic infection” having an expert comment on this article makes it sound more believable and authentic. In Source 3 “Everest the Hard Way” it uses a varied amount of sentence types this is proven when the article opens up with the line “A decision was needed” which instantly makes you want to read on.

Band ? In source 3, the pronoun “we” suggest to you that the characters in the story have a personal close relationship and makes us feel that the characters in the story, are really good friends, this makes us think that they are experienced and that they are relying to each other. Comparing this to the pronouns in source 2, “fearsome tyrannosaurus rex Sue”. This is very effective because it makes this giant, monstrosity of a tyrannosaurus rex seem small and insignificant, mainly because “Sue” sounds like a mothers name or someone old and weak.

Band ? The different language effects in source 3 are simple and impact sentences which are used to engage the reader and show feelings (IE how they are worried, tense and sometimes scared) the writer does this by saying things like `there was a momentary lessening in the blizzard ‘this shows how they were fighting nature and how they felt tense as there was only a small time limit and a closing window of opportunity.
However in source two the language is more factual and humorous as opposed to being action pact and thrilling.
Source 2 is taken from a newspaper article and starts of by trying to catch the viewers’ attention, by having the picture dominant of the page to add to the humour and to help you picture what the article is about. The structure of the two sources differs as one is taken from a newspaper, it is factual, the other is taken from a book or novel so is more action pact and fast paced in order to keep the reader engaged and to make them want to read more. Source 2 has a big bold title which automatically is trying to get you to notice the article whereas source 3 has a smaller more simple title which is not as attention grabbing. The newspaper article consists of mainly compound and simple sentences to get straight to the point and get it across quickly, source 2 consists of complex sentences to keep the reader enthralled in the writing.

Band ? Sample responses Use the highlighters to identify similarities in one colour and differences in another colour.

How do each of these responses STRUCTURE their answer?

Now write a GUIDE to answering each of the questions on the handout.
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