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History of AAFCS
Transcript of History of AAFCS
Family & Consumer Sciences
The Beginning of the Movement
Treatise on Domestic Economy for Use of Young Ladies at Home
was published, written by Catharine Beecher.
The Morrill Act passes.
This will result in grant colleges in each state for the practical areas of endeavor with the primary focus on agriculture.
Farmers’ wives will be able to receive scientific training of “domestic science,” described as managing a household.
Cooking schools offer instruction in preparing healthful low cost meals first for professional cooks and later for the general public.
Ellen Swallow Richards receives funds to establish a women’s laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Ellen Swallow Richards, expert in food and nutrition, works with the Boston School Committee to prepare school lunches.
Ellen Swallow Richards with Melvil Dewey organize the first Lake Placid Conference, gathering other educators and activists. Here they agreed on the term “home economics” for their movement.
Participants at the Lake Placid Conference form the American Home Economics Association (AHEA) with Ellen Swallow Richards leading as the President.
The Betty Lamp
The Betty Lamp is adopted as a symbol for the AHEA.
The Betty Lamp is derived from the German words “besser” or “bete” meaning “to make better,” and was used in colonial days to provide light for household industries.
AHEA changed its name to the American Association of Family & Consumer Sciences (AAFCS).
AAFCS’s mission is to provide leadership and support for professionals whose work assists individuals, families, and communities in making informed decisions about their well being, relationships, and resources to achieve optimal quality of life.
Names to Remember
Treatise on Domestic Economy for the Use of Young Ladies at Home
Sought to apply scientific principles to childrearing, cooking, and housekeeping
Ellen Swallow Richards
Received a bachelor’s and later master’s degree from Vassar College
First woman to earn a degree at MIT
Taught at MIT as an instructor of sanitary education
The Smith-Lever Act passes, funding home economics in an effort to improve rural life.
The Smith-Hughes Act passes, funding home economics at the college level for teachers.
Home economists help to stretch the nation’s food resources. #WWI
Home economist advise to “make over and make do.” #GreatDepression