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The Effect of Relaxation music listening on Sleep Quality in

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Kimberly Burton

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of The Effect of Relaxation music listening on Sleep Quality in

The Effect of Relaxation music listening on Sleep Quality in Refugees: A Pilot Study
Kira Vibe Jespersen & Peter Vuust
Main Purposes of the Study
1. Listening to relaxation music can improve quality of sleep in traumatized refugees with sleep problems.

2. Improvement of sleep quality will reduce trauma symptoms and improve well-being.
Dependent Variables
1. Sleep Quality
2. Trauma symptoms
3. Well-being
Tests used
Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)
Sleep Quality
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD-8)
Trauma Symptoms
"How do you feel?" Questionnaire (HDYF)
Independent Variable
Music Composed for Relaxation
Study Population
Refugees- 15 participants

From mostly middle eastern countries that moved to Denmark

All of them are suffering from PTSD causing less than adequate sleep
Therapy Aspects
Each participant in the Intervention group was given a pillow that had speakers above and on both sides of the participants head. Music was played through the speakers that was meant to be relaxing.

Each participant in the Control group was given a normal pillow.
Important results
1. Global sleep quality from pre to post-intervention showed improvement in the music group.

2. Sleep quality improved and so then well-being improved in the music group.

3. Sleep latency and sleep disturbances improved as well in music group.

4. No change in trauma symptoms.
Why is this important?
This study was the first of its kind to use refugees in a sleep related study.

This was a pilot study so they laid out how the hypothesis could be looked at in different ways to improve upon the results from this article.
Jespersen, K., & Vuust, P. (2012). The Effect of Relaxation Music Listening on Sleep Quality in Traumatized Refugees: A Pilot Study. Journal of Music Therapy, 205-229.

Buysse,D.J., Reynolds,C.F., Monk,T.H., Berman,S.R., & Kupfer,D.J. (1989). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI): A new instrument for psychiatric research and practice. Psychiatry Research, 28(2), 193-213.

Sleep Medicine Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2014, from http://www.sleep.pitt.edu/content.asp?id=1484&subid=2316

MUSICURE MUSIC AS MEDICINE. (n.d.). Retrieved December 3, 2014, from http://www.musicure.com/
Population Charts
Test Schedule
Full transcript