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Ethiopia

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by

elisha amar

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of Ethiopia

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Ethiopia Population Policies Around The World ETHIOPIA Economic motivations:
- Budgetary constraints prevent a higher standard of education.
- Things that have suffered are teachers to student ratio, number of students per classroom and number of textbooks per student. Education Social Influences:
-Often families will send their male children to school.
Economic Motivations:
•Budgetary constraints also prevent education in health, personal and environmental hygiene, nutrition, immunization and planning standard components for families.
•Health care services are limited due to costs.
•46% or less of Ethiopians lived within a reasonable distance (radius of 10 kilometers) for health care access in 1990.
•Access to safe water supply is low. (18% of people in rural areas and 78% in urban populations). Health Environment Introducing Ethiopia Population: 84, 320, 987 (2012 Estimate)
Area: 1, 104, 300 km
Capital: Addis Ababa
Location: North-west Africa Political Pressures:
•Ethiopia is a parliamentary republic that contributes to the lack of decision making for the greater cause of health care because there’s no delineation of power. Political Pressures:
•Nomadic pastoralists who inhabit large areas of Ethiopia are having troubles herding their livestock due to the degradation of the environment. Also the environment is affecting non-pastoralist groups, which is creating conflicts between the varying social groups and their needs. Economic Motivations:
•The constant growth of population is making it hard to keep up with the supply and demand especially since they are using older methods.•These old technology methods are economically counterproductive The Situation of Women Social Influences:
•Women carry the roles of household management and matrimonial duties.
•They are expected to replenish the race by having large families and maintaining the children by themselves.
•It is known that not all children born will survive therefore they try to compensate by having more children.
•Greater importance placed on males. Economic Motivations:
•Women are economically dependent of men.
•Decisions to have or not to have children placed on the husband and his relatives.
•Due to the insufficient amount of resources at school, male children are in preference to be sent over females. (Education)
•The participation of women in the labour force is low and does not have a high importance this does not positively impact the economy. This creates a better judgment and taste of the population as a whole. Continued... Political Pressures:
•There are no government rules or policies that restrict females from formal education.
•Women are restricted from the right to regulate their fertility and discourage the various methods of modern birth control. •Existing laws permit marriage at 15 therefore entering their reproductive careers at an early age. Cultural Beliefs:
•Cultural requirement to have children at a young age.
•Certain cultural groups practice reproductive careers and marriage at an even younger age than the legal marriage age of 15.•In 2003, marriage by abduction took up 69% of the countries marriages according to a survey by the National Committee on Traditional Practices in Ethiopia. Population Economic Motivations:
•As the population grows, the unemployment and underemployment rates increase.
•Creates low accessibility of basic such as education, health and housing. Social Influences & Cultural Beliefs & Political Pressures:

• Socially it is acceptable for women to get married at the age of 15 which results in more children since they are uneducated, do not use birth control methods and do not make their own decision which then leads to larger families. However culturally it is acceptable to get married at an even earlier age. This as a whole contributes to high maternal, infant and child morbidity (illness) and mortality (death). Compared To Canada -Education is paid through provincial taxes, legislated by provincial governments
-Must attend school until grade 10 in Ontario
-Both boys and girls are given equal scholarly opportunities Health care is paid for in provincial taxes, so even people who smoke pipes in our powerpoint are provided with state of the art medical care. Different
perspectives -Environmental initiatives are created to help improve our wildlife and nature such as recycling and green energy
Population of Canada is 34,929,00 people The End
By: Jenna & Elisha James Brown later on talks about how we need women and therefore this is NOT to insult him :) Political Pressures:
The Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) pays $100 per month per child until the age of 6 years old. 2 Specific Objectives In Ethiopia's Population Policy continued.... ... another example "a) Reducing the current total fertility rate of 7.7 children per women to approximately 4.0 by the year 2015;" Ethiopia's Fertility Rate -April, 1993 Over 7 in 1993 Over 4 in 2012 Year # of children "b) Increasing the prevalence of contraceptive use from the current 4.0% to 44.0% by the year 2015;" "c) Reducing maternal, infant and child morbidity and mortality rates as well as promoting the level of general welfare of the population"
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