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The Pentagon Papers & Daniel Ellsberg

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Florian Burkhardt

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of The Pentagon Papers & Daniel Ellsberg

The Pentagon Papers & Daniel Ellsberg
Florian Burkhardt, Hannes Hofer, Raphael Heim
Gliederung
Die Pentagon-Papers-Affäre - Chronologie der Ereignisse
New York Times Co. vs. United States
"Let’s get the son-of-a-bitch in jail!" - Der Fall Ellsberg
13.-15.06.1971
16.-24.06.1971
Nachspiel
24.-30.06.1971
März-Juni 1971
Hintergrund
13. - 15. Juni 1971
NYT veröffentlicht Auszüge aus den Papieren
Sofortige Reaktion: Telegramm des Attorney General: " ...further publication [...] will cause irreparable injury to the defense interests of the US."
Nixon-Administration stoppt per einstweiliger Verfügung die Veröffentlichung


16. - 24. Juni 1971
Einstweilige Verfügung gegen die NYT
Pentagon Papers werden an weitere Medien gestreut
Veröffentlichung durch die Washington Post, Boston Globe, etc.
Regierung scheitert beim Versuch die Story zu unterdrücken
24. - 30. Juni 1971
Der Fall wird vor den Supreme Court gebracht
Ellsberg wird am 28. Juni nach einem öffentlichen Geständnis verhaftet
Senator Gravel liest aus den Papieren im Senat öffentlich vor
Der Supreme Court entscheidet mit 6 zu 3 zugunsten der Medien und gestattet die weitere Veröffentlichung
Nachspiel
Veröffentlichung wird sofort fortgesetzt
Verfahren gegen Ellsberg wird später eingestellt
Freedom of Information Act
"Watergate-Taktiken" der Nixon-Administration
Hintergrund
Krieg in Vietnam
Anti-Kriegs-Bewegung in den USA
Informationslücke über den Vietnam-Krieg
History United States-Vietnam Relations oder Pentagon Papers
"Verschlechterung" der Beziehung zwischen Medien und Regierung
Neue Riege junger investigativer Journalisten in den US-Medien
März - Juni 1971
Ellsberg gibt Pentagon Papers an die NYT weiter
NYT-Redakteuere sichten Material
Redaktionsinterne Diskussion über Veröffentlichung
NYT kümmert sich um Rechtsbeistand
"Pentagon Papers"-Affäre
New York Times Co. vs. United States
Dissenting Opinions
Concurring Opinions
"I believe that every moment's continuance of the injunctions against these newspapers amounts to a flagrant, indefensible, and continuing violation of the First Amendment."

"And paramount among the responsibilities of a free press is the duty to prevent any part of the government from deceiving the people and sending them off to distant lands to die of foreign fevers and foreign shot and shell."

"The word "security" is a broad, vague generality whose contours should not be invoked to abrogate the fundamental law embodied in the First Amendment."
-Richter Hugo Black

"In absence of governmental checks and balances the only effective restraint upon executive policy and power in may lie in an enlightened citizenry - in an informed and critical public opinion which alone can here protect the values of democratic government"
-Richter Potter Stewart
"The decision was a great one. The story today is what the constitution of this country means to us. I've never appreciated what the meaning and importance of separation of powers is so much as in the last week."

- Daniel Ellsberg
Reaktionen auf das Urteil
Telefonat zwischen Nixon und FBI-Direktor Hoover
"In these cases, the imperative of a free and unfettered press comes into collision with another imperative, the effective functioning of a complex modern government, and, specifically, the effective exercise of certain constitutional powers of the Executive."

-Oberster Richter Warren Burger

"The First Amendment, after all, is only one part of an entire Constitution. Article II of the great document vests in the Executive Branch primary power over the conduct of foreign affairs, and places in that branch the responsibility for the Nation's safety. Each provision of the Constitution is important, and I cannot subscribe to a doctrine of unlimited absolutism for the First Amendment at the cost of downgrading other provisions. [...] What is needed here is a weighing, upon properly developed standards, of the broad right of the press to print and of the very narrow right of the Government to prevent. [...] The parties here are in disagreement as to what those standards should be. But even the newspapers concede that there are situations where restraint is in order and is constitutional. "

-Richter Harry Blackmun


Oberster Richter Warren Burger (K)
Richter John Harlan (K)
Richter Harry Blackmun (L)
Richter Hugo Black (L)
Richter William Douglas (L)
Richter William Brennan (L)
Richter Potter Stewart (N)
Richter Byron White (N)
Richter Thurgood Marshall (L)
Daniel Ellsberg - Heldenhafter Verräter?
Edward Snowden
Daniel Ellsberg
Chelsea Manning
„Snowden did what he did because he recognised the NSA’s surveillance programs for what they are: dangerous, unconstitutional activity. This wholesale invasion of Americans' and foreign citizens' privacy does not contribute to our security; it puts in danger the very liberties we're trying to protect.”
„Wenn Bradley (Chelsea) Manning getan hat, was man ihm vorwirft, ist er mein Held.“
Der Prozess und die Reaktion der Nixon-Administration
Full transcript