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Federalists vs. Anti Federalists
Transcript of Federalists vs. Anti Federalists
AP English III Federalists Supported the Constitution and strong federal government Anti-Federalists Supported weak federal government and bill of rights Federalists Leaders George Washington
Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalists Leaders From Virgina: George Mason and Patrick Henry
From Massachusetts: James Winthrop and John Hancock
From New York: George Clinton Argued that stronger central government was needed to maintain order and preserve the union Federalists Argument & Strategy Strategy: Emphasized the weakness of the Articles of Confederation and showed their opponents as merely negative opponents with no solutions Argued that stronger central government would destroy the work of the Revolution, limit democracy and restrict states' rights Anti-Federalists Argument & Strategy Strategy: Argued that the proposed Constitution contained no protection of individual rights, it gave central government more power than the British ever had Advantages: strong leaders and well organized
Disadvantages: Constitution was new and untried, lacked bill of rights Federalists Advantages and Disadvantages Advantags: Appealed to popular distrust of government based on colonial experience
Disadvantages: Poorly organized, slow to respond to Federalist challege Anti-Federalists Advantages
and Disadvantages George Washington Alexander Hamilton George Mason Anti Federalists argued that the Bill of Rights was the only thing that would protect them from tyranny Bill of Rights? Federalists argued that putting in the Bill of Rights would only give them certain rights and take away others What is the Whiskey Rebellion? The Whiskey Rebellion was a citizen revolt against a 1791 tax on whiskey. Many farmers felt as if the tax was unfair because they were making the whiskey with their grain. Several groups were formed to protest the tax and refused to pay it. President George Washington (federalist) called 15,000 militamen under the command of Alexander Hamilton. They crushed the rebellion and returned order back to normal.
Even though the rebellion was stopped he was shaken by the experience of it.
The federalists supported Washingtons actions in stopping the rebellion.
Marked the supremecy of the federal government Whiskey Rebellion: Federalists Protested against the whiskey tax
They supported states powers and said the tax gave the federal government too much power
Argued that the government had used excessive and unnecessary force in stopping the rebellion Whiskey Rebellion: Anti-Federalists Public anger against France stregthened the Federalists in congressional elections of 1789
Winning a majority of seats in both houses they adopted the Alien and Sedition Acts
Alien Acts: authorized the president to deport any aliens considered dangerous
Sedition Acts: limited freedom of speech and made it illegal to say anything bad about the government Alien and Sedition Acts:
Anti-Federalists Argued that it violated rights guaranteed by the First Amendment of the Constitution
Challenged the legislation of the Federalist Congress by making laws of their own in the state legislature Both declared that the states had entered into a "compact" in forming the national government and if any act of the federal government broke that then they could void it. Kentucky and Virgina Resolutions Federalists: Lost their majority in Congress
Anti-Federalists: Repealed the Alien and Sedition acts, set forth an argument that would be widely used in the nullification controversy of 1830's