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The Struggle over Ratification: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

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Brennah Fulton

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of The Struggle over Ratification: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

Struggle Over Ratification: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists Federalist Beliefs 1. Articles of Confederation were weak and ineffective so constitution was needed
2. National Government needed to be stronger, so it could function correctly
3. The national government should be able to control uncooperative states
4. Men of experience and talent should govern the nation
5. National Government under the constitution would still protect the rights of the people
6. Believed that the Constitution and state governments protected individual freedoms without bill of rights Federalist Papers Created by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
Created to convince people of why they needed to approve the constitution
Most influential political writings of the time
Argued that the national government wouldn't be too strong because of the creation of checks and balances
Explained the need for a centralized government so the United States could earn respect from other countries
85 essays created
1-14 why we must form a union
15-22 Problems with the Articles of Confederation
23-36 The types of government in the constitution
37-51 On the Republican form of government
52-66 On the Legislative Branch - House and Senate
67-77 On the executive Branch - the President
78-82 On the Judicial Branch
83-85 Observations and closing remarks Ratification of The Constitution -needed 9 out of 13 states to approve it
-Some states highly favored the Constitution and ratified it quickly like Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey were the first to accept
-Georgia and Connecticut quickly followed
-There were debates in Massachusetts, but they ended up ratifying it
-Within a few months after Massachusetts Maryland, South Carolina, and New Hampshire approved it
-Even though they had the nine states that they needed, they wanted all states to ratify it because they believed that without New York and Virginia who had huge populations that the new Constitution wouldn't survive The Federalists -Most Federalists were wealthy, well-educated people
-They were unified by the desire for a powerful, centralized government
-Favored an orderly, efficient government that could improve and protect their economic status
-Well organized
-leaders Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison Anti-Federalists -Generally farmers, debtors, and other lower class people
-loyal to state governments
-Anti-federalist leaders include Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry
-feared too strong of a central government
-State's rights advocates Anti-Federalist Beliefs -Believed that the constitution gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments and the rights of the common people
-Thought the Articles of Confederation were a good plan Anti-Federalist Beliefs cont. - Believed that the Constitution favored the wealthy and preserved their power
- Disagreed with the 2/3 ratification vote, they agreed with the unanimous vote the Articles of Confederation required.
- Feared the power of taxation Congress would be granted.
- Didn't believe a republican government could rule such a large nation. Problems With the Constitution? 1. Anti-federalists did not feel that a republican form of government would work on the national scale.
2. Anti-federalists were concerned that the rights of an individual were not sufficiently protected by the Constitution Federal v. Anti-Federal Ideas ~ New York: George Clinton (Anti-Federalist) was a political opponent of John Jay
~ Virginia: Patrick Henry (Anti-Federalist) was often disagreeing with James Madison. "The Anti-Federalist Papers" Several speeches were given and many letters were written to newspapers under:
- "The Federal Farmer"
- "Cato"
- "Brutus"
- "Cincinnatus" Modernizing the Anti-Federalists * Anti-Federalists gravitated toward the views of Thomas Jefferson
*Jefferson and his followers later formed the political organization known as the Republican Party
*The Republican Party was later called the Democratic Republicans.
*Today, the Democratic Party is based off of Jefferson's views. Bill of Rights -Several of the states were hesitant to ratify the Constitution- an example is New York which feared that ratification of the Constitution as it was would transfer many civil liberties away from the people and into a large, dictatorial government
- The Federalists promised that a Bill of Rights would be the first priority of the new Congress which then encouraged many states to ratify it
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