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Climate

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by

Megan Luptowski

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Climate


Social Solutions
"Scientific evidence is necessary to ignite political will, but not sufficient to catalyze social change."
Mitigation
- proactive modification of current behavior to slow or reduce fewer environmental degradation
Adaptation
- the combination of local and global resources in response to inevitable climate change
There are still many other solutions that could be implemented in the United States and other countries.
Government Policies
Cap and Trade:
A policy that limits companies individual emissions through free market forces.
Taxes and Subsidies:
Eliminates externalities of production and consumption
Regulatory:
Government introduces laws to limit pollution
Supply side policies:
education, worker training


Climate Change



Social
Complexity of the Issue
scientific, economic, political, global, local,
social
...
rights and freedoms
Changing people's mindsets
the major problems
a long history of energy dependence
notions of progress tied to technology
cultural values
Anti-climate change propaganda
Climate Change as a myth?
bolstered by media extremists, partisan think tanks, special interest groups funded by the fossil fuel industry
Strategies
incentives and/or punishment
Megan Luptowski

Strategies for the government
and individuals to collectively
limit global climate change
- "average weather"
-reduce human effects
sean
Local Adaptations
Megan Luptowski
Climate Change: Now
Laws and restrictions that were set
-Clean Air Act
-Federal Water Pollution Control Act
(Clean Water Act)

Information verses Education
-Awareness
-Advocating of viewpoints
Economics and Climate Change
1)
Distributive Justice:
Burdens, duties and entitlements associated with managing climate change need to be dealt equally between countries. (Page, 231)

2)
Incompatible goals:
for rapidly developing countries, the "cap" may not fit. (OECD, 17)

3)
Singular approach:
Economics limits climate change, not a solution.



Limitations of using Economic Policies
Why Local Adaptations?
- serves as grassroots for larger climate change efforts through 'mainstreaming'
- cumulative action on local levels is significant in lowering a country's environmental footprint
sean
Kyoto Protocol (1997)
- goes hand-in-hand with 'big picture' policies
- Mainstreaming

-
Policy makers
must align our current
consumption patterns with our future needs.

-
Environmental Economics:
Green GDP

-
Target
: 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels
Ambiguous
Self-awareness and environmental consciousness
Efficient Cities
Public Transportation
City Bike Program
Public-participation based strategies
- Local knowledge
- Local political leadership
BUT
traditional policy mechanism are said to be incapable of effecting social behavior ) :
www.ourinfiniteworld.com
www.tcdailyplanet.net
www.bized.co.uk
(OECD, 12)
(cap and trade, EPA)
(OECD, 2)
Food for thought:
Can we implement all these solutions at once or should we focus on one solution at a time?
Making development sustainable development the norm
Leaders are important in encouraging sustainability
More effort is needed to increase the acceptance and proliferation of climate change knowledge.
Key Elements
Full transcript