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The Gupta Empire

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by

Holly Pelton

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of The Gupta Empire

The Gupta Empire Concept Map
The Gupta Empire
Trade
Cities Famous for their temples and prosperity rose along trade routes throughout India
Expansion
The Growth of Trade strengthen the economy so that the Gupta Empire could expand
Challenges
The Fall Of the Gupta Empire
Encouraged domestic trade
Most important industries in the Gupta period was the textile industry
The Gupta Empire traded with China, Southeast Asia and the Mediterranean
Cloth, salt, Iron, Food grains, as well as prescious stones
It had a significant internal demand
Other important industries were ivory, stone cutting and metal work
Processing precious stones
Pottery and also fisheries were important industries
Much of the trade in the Gupta Empire was managed by Gupta rulers
Much of their wealth came from religious trade as pilgrims
They made large profits from their dealings
they owned silver, gold, and vast lands
Also lived in luxury
Sea travel developed so they could transport goods around seas
Goods were able to move easily throughout the country
Pack animals and ox were used to transport goods by roads
Candra Gupta the founder and ruler of the Gupta Empire located his capital at Pataliputa
Then his son Samudra Gupta took over and expanded the Empire into the surrounding areas
The Gupta Empire also established loose control over Central India thus becoming the greatest empire in India since the Mauryan Empire
Eventually the Gupta Kingdom became the dominant political force in Northern India
The Hindu epic writings of the Ramayana and the Mahabbarata were completed and spread to all in the Empire, expanding the Gupat's religion and writings.
Hindu temples and shrines were built throughout the lands ruled by the Guptas expanding their territory.
The decimal system of numerals, which included the concept of zero, was developed.
Later, Arab traders adopted this revolutionary concept and passed this mathematical system to the Europeans expanding the Gupta's ideas to other parts of the world.
After long peace the Gupta's had downsized their military.
So when the Hunas attacked the Gupta Empire they pushed them out forcing the empire to decrease their size and eventually they disappeared.
In the late fifth century A.D. invasions by nomadic Huns from the north west began invading India
This was the major cause of the collapse of the Gupta Empire.
The Gupta's did not have a strong or big Military to fight other forces
Gupta Forces were not as strong and equip as the Hun forces
Good Fortune of the Guptas would not last long
Nomadic Huns from the Northwest gradually reduced the power of the empire
A military commander briefly revived the empire in the middle of the 7th century but after his death the empire collapsed
The Huns excelled in horsemanship to take out the Gupta Empire
As a result North India would not be reunited for years
By: Holly Pelton and Felisha Lohr

Overland routes like the silk Roads linked India to other Markets
Gupta rule was less centralized
His rule divided the main parts of the Empire into units
The Royal officials governed each unit
Writing/ Culture
The Empire began to weeken in the Late 400's
The Gupta military efforts to defend their empire drained their treasury
diffrent types of yrade that gupta rulers managed.
list of goods that where easily moved
easily moved goods
to those places
considered form of trade
connected because decimal system
of numerals considered a
writing part of expansion.
Full transcript