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American Nationalism

Nationhood and Independence
by

Audrey Plante

on 21 October 2012

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Transcript of American Nationalism

of the United States Political Development John Marshall Supreme Court Decisions War of 1812 The War of 1812 brought a sense of nationalism to the United states because it solidified America's independence from Europe and helped the nation gain the respect of European countries. It created a greater sense of independence because at the time, more factories were build and caused the nation to take a step towards self-sufficiency, proving that trade was not the main source of assisting the economy. Literature Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature Louisiana Purchase The Supreme Court decision of McCulloch v. Maryland determined that federal laws are supreme over state laws. The conclusion that state laws could not override federal laws contributed to a sense of nationhood because it created a system of rule that strengthened the structure of the nation and the government, proving the country's ability to independently handle cases and decisions. McCulloch v. Maryland Audrey Plante American Nationalism Through the Louisiana Purchase, the size of the United States doubled, creating a sense of nationhood as the people were enthusiastic to inhabit the land and extend the nation. It also removed foreign presence from the nation's borders and the States wouldn't become involved in European affairs, as well as giving it control over the river at New Orleans, which assured its independence in trade. The Embargo Act of 1807 prohibited American merchant ships from sailing to foreign ports. This brought independence and nationalism to the nation because it made the people feel as though they did not have to rely on trade for the American economy to do well. The production and consumption of American-made products increased and this contributed to the independence of the nation because it was not reliant upon other countries. Embargo In this case, the state of New Hampshire changed Dartmouth College from a private college into a public institution, but the court argued that a contract for a private corporation could not be altered by the state. This contributed to a sense of nationhood because it protected the charter of Dartmouth College as if it were a contract, and ceased state interference in other charters related to commerce and business. Dartmouth College v. Woodward As this case established the federal government's broad control of interstate commerce, it contributed to the nation's sense of independence because it showed that there was domestic commerce flowing throughout the country, and that the federal government had control over this without any influence from other countries. Gibbons v. Ogden The treaty that defined the southwestern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase and set the southern border of Oregon contributed to a sense of nationhood because expansion was achieved without great costs and without war, which shows that America held the ability to act as an independent nation. Adams-Onis Treaty Monroe Doctrine The Monroe doctrine, which called for the noncolonization of the Western Hemisphere by European nations and nonintervention by Europe in U.S. affairs (and vice versa), contributed to a sense of independence because it assured that Europe would not be part of the development of the New World and it was capable of growing as a nation without any European affiliation. Henry Clay's American System Unifying the Nation Economic Development Cultural
Hudson River School: Thomas Pritchard Rossiter "The Signing of the Constitution of the United States" by Thomas Pritchard Rossiter illustrates the theme of nationalism because it depicts the act that made the United States an independent nation while the founders take pride in the new country as they sign the constitution. Thomas Pritchard Rossiter's "America Triumphant" depicts the theme of nationalism because it shows the pride of the nation through the large American flag as it billows in the wind, the goodness of the people as the woman frees a slave, the abundance of the country as the cornucopia by the feet of the people overflows with crops, and the gentility the citizens are treated with as the woman offers the young lady with a child a drink. Rocky Mountain School:
Thomas Hill Thomas Hill's painting of the Napa Valley illustrates the theme of nationalism as it shows the promise of the area for expansion and new development. The beauty of the area depicted in the scene shows a sense of pride that the people feel towards the United States. Thomas Hill's "The Last Spike" illustrates American nationalism as it depicts a proud scene of a railroad as it is finished. The railroad system was a means that connected the east and the west, creating a sense unity throughout the nation. This brought pride and patriotism to the people as it strengthened the feeling of nationhood. Genre Artists:
William Sydney Mount William Sydney Mount's image of an American farmer husking corn illustrates the theme of nationalism because it depicts a sense of pride in the farmer as he inspects his crop. His agricultural aspirations for the nation can be seen through this pride. This image, "Rustic Dance After a Sleigh Ride", illustrates nationalism by its depiction of the people coming together to celebrate as Americans. It shows that they are happy to be in America and feel no animosity towards the nation. Development Architecture Thomas Jefferson believed that Classical Revival was a more appropriate style for public buildings in the U.S. than modeling them after the Georgian style because it reflected the style of the Romans. Republican government was established by the Romans, and it was therefore appropriate for Jefferson to use the same architectural style in addition to a similar governmental style. Georgian was modeled after King George, who was the leader of a monarchy; the exact rule that America was breaking away from. Monticello University of Virginia Virginia Capitol Building The theme of Emerson's work, titled Nature, is that divinity diffuses all nature, and reality can only be understood through studying nature. Emerson's theme was so individual and uniquely American that he was acclaimed to be one of the first writers to develop his own unique writing style, which was a contrast to other writers heavily influenced by British culture. Sixty years after America declared independence, its culture was still influenced by Europe. Through his work, Emerson provided a philosophical framework for building a new cultural identity that was specifically all-American. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow:
Paul Revere's Ride The theme of Longfellow's work was that Paul Revere was a hero for his assistance during the Revolutionary War. This illustrates American nationalism because it created a sense of pride in the people for what others had done to protect the nation, and made them proud to live in the United States. John Greenleaf Whittier: Justice and Expediency The theme of Whittier's work was antislavery, and after it was published he became a founding member of the American Anti-Slavery Society. This contributed to a sense of nationalism because it was an important act against slavery and made the enslaved people feel as though there was hope for them in the New World after all.
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