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Plot Elements with Video Examples

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on 18 October 2017

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Transcript of Plot Elements with Video Examples

Inciting Incident
Rising Action
Falling Action
The inciting incident: Prim, Katniss's younger sister, is randomly chosen as tribute for the Games, but Katniss volunteers to take her place. "'I volunteer!' I gasp. 'I volunteer as tribute!'"(22). The protagonist NOW has a probelm to solve or a goal to reach.

Katniss's values are apparent at this point- she loves her sister and must protect her, despite the consequences for her own personal safety. Her motivation, her reason for action, is the desire to keep her family safe.
Exposition- Character Introductions
- Setting
- Conflict
Rising Action
The rising action comprises the majority of a story/novel/play. It showcases the protagonist's struggle to solve their problem or reach their goal.

One event leads to the next and each event builds suspense to the climax of the story.

Every major rising event action must showcase the protagonists attempts to solve their problem/reach their goal.
Typically, the closer to the climax, the faster the action.

This is the event which reveals the conflict.

The protagonist, who has been just fine and dandy up until this point, is confronted with a problem that challenges one of their core values.

As a result, the protagonist is forced to take some kind of action to try and solve the problem which sets the plot in motion.
If the character is not placed in a situation where their value system is challenged, they have no motivation (reason for action) to resolve the conflict--

In short, no reason for action, no story!

Character Vs. Character
This type of conflict features the main character opposed by another character.
The struggle between a character and an opposing character or force.

e protagonist's (Simba) goal is to take his rightful place as King over the pride. This goal is challenged by his nemesis, Scar. While Simba would like to see Scar leave peacefully, Scar makes a clear choice to challenge Simba to a fight. Fortunately, Simba wins the battle.

- In this clip, Scar is seen as the antagonist- the character or force against the protagonist. Scar wants to keep control of the pride, but he does not win the fight.
Character VS. Society
This type of conflict has the main character in conflict with a larger group: the larger group can be a whole community or the set beliefs of a culture.
These set cultural beliefs are also known as norms- unwritten rules which are generally accepted as rules to live by within a culture.
A Disney example: In the movie Aladdin Jasmine's father's believed that her husband would be chosen for her. She disagreed with this cultural norm.

Character Vs Nature
The protagonist is in
conflict with nature.
Examples of nature as an antagonist:
freezing temperatures
the ocean
wild animals
extreme heat
a blizzard
Character VS. Self
This is the only internal conflict (all others are external). In character vs self, the protagonist struggles with making a choice or coming to a decision.
The moment in a play, novel,short story, or narrative poem, when the protagonist FINALLY makes the decision to confront their problem or take the last step to achieve their goal.
The audience is at the edge of their seat. We wonder, will they make it? Will they survive? OHHHH NOOOO!
The crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity
This is also the moment when TV shows end their seasons- CLIFF HANGER!
The viewer is left to wonder for an entire summer the fate of the protagonist... how annoying!
It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader
It is the turning point in the action.

The part of the plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and we learn the outcome of the climax. The conflict has been resolved-
Usually the protagonist is successful BUT not always!
All loose ends of the story are tied up. The resolution should leave a single strong impression of finality on the reader.

In this trailer, we can see the clear conflict- Percy must return the bolt to save his mother, but he does not know where it is and there a forces sabotaging his retrieval of the bolt. We see some of the major events along his journey to retrieve the bolt.
And here is the climax from Star Wars! Will Luke Skywalker be able to destroy the Death Star or will Vader defeat him and the Rebel force? The tension builds as he flies closer and closer and closer to his target. Will he make it?

He shoots! Did he make the shot? Did he destroy the Death Star?

If the clip stopped before you found out the outcome, that would have been the true climax... and a cliff hanger.
Because you find out whether he was successful in his attempt, you also know a major event in the falling action.
The magical world is safe- Voldemort has been defeated once and for all. Years later, we learn that Harry marries Ginny Weasly, Hermione marries Ron. All characters have families and their children are set to start at Hogwarts.
And Gru has found what makes him truly happy- his villainous ways are done and his daddy dearest days have begun.We ca rest assured that he will be a fine upstanding father.
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