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Anatomy and Physiology of a Basketball Layup Shot
Transcript of Anatomy and Physiology of a Basketball Layup Shot
of a Basketball Layup Shot A presentation from:
Karoline Swiecicki Definition of a Basketball Layup Shot “A layup in basketball is a two-point shot attempt made by leaping from below, laying the ball up near the basket, and using one hand to bounce it off the backboard and into the basket. The motion and one-handed reach distinguish it from a jump shot. The layup is considered the most basic shot in basketball. When doing a layup, the player lifts the outside foot, or the foot away from the basket.” (www.wikipedia.com) “A layup in basketball is a two-point shot attempt made by leaping from below, laying the ball up near the basket, and using one hand to bounce it off the backboard and into the basket. The motion and one-handed reach distinguish it from a jump shot. The layup is considered the most basic shot in basketball. When doing a layup, the player lifts the outside foot, or the foot away from the basket.” (www.wikipedia.com) Course of Movement 1-2 Dribbling Phase 3-6 Three-Steps Phase 7-8 Jumping/Landing Phase Dribbling Phase (Wrist) Dribbling Phase (Elbow) Main Bones: Radius, Ulna, Carpals, Metacarpals Wrist Joint (Synovial): Responsible for flexion and extension of wrist Main Bones: Humerus, Radius, Ulna Elbow Joint (Synovial): Responsible for flexion, extension, pronation and supination Dribbling Phase Muscles Involved: Deltoid, Biceps, Triceps, Bracialis, Brachioradialis, Wrist Fexors/Extensors Jumping/Landing Phase (Vertical Jump) Main Bones: Tibia, Fibula, Talus, Metatarsals, Phalanges, Calcaneus Joints Involved: Hip, Knee, Ankle Jumping/Landing Phase (Vertical Jump) Movements: Athlete pulls up right knee and jumps with left leg (Right handed lay up)
Muscles involved: Knee movement: Hamstrings, Quadriceps, Gluteus Maximus, Left leg movement: Calf muscle, Gastrognemius, Quadriceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, lower back and abdomen. Movements: Athlete pulls up right knee and jumps with left leg (Right handed lay up)
Knee movement: Hamstrings, Quadriceps, Gluteus Maximus
Left leg movement: Gastrognemius, Soleus, Achilles Tendon, Quadriceps Femoris, Gluteus Maximus, Latissimus Dorsi and Abdominis Rectus. Jumping/Landing Phase
(Releasing the Ball) Movements: Athlete pulls up the hand and releases the ball.
Muscles involved: Biceps, Triceps, Deltoid and Pectoralis Major.
Joints involved: Elbow joint, shoulder joint, wrist joint. Jumping/Landing Phase (Landing) Core stability: Core muscles (Abdomen and lower back)
Muscles Involved: Abdomen, lower back, Gluteus Maximus, Hamstrings, Quadriceps, Gastrognemius, calf muscle Layup Shot and the Nervous System Layup Shot is executed consciously Cerebellum is the part of the brain responsible for movement As movement is required, cerebellum sends action potential to muscle fibres involved via spinal cord Through the action potential, calcium is released Myosin binds with actin, resulting in myofilaments sliding past each other
... therefore, muscles contract Exercise needs energy, which is provided by oxidizing glucose.
Glucose and oxygen are delivered by blood Layup Shot and the Cardiovascular System Blood comprises glucose and oxygen, which supplies individual tissues when necessary Heart rate, cardiac output and systolic blood pressure increases with work rate Layup Shot
and the Respiratory Sytem Through pulmonary diffusion oxygen is delivered to the blood Oxygen diffusion capacity increases as one moves from rest to exercise Conclusion Although the layup shot is one of the most basic Basketball moves, this presentation emphasises the complexity of both anatomical and phsiological components All systems are interacting with each other and enable the layup shot 多謝