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Velds - Grasslands

Social project
by

Roshni Sadanand

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Velds - Grasslands

Credits..... * Various types of open country used for pasturage and farmland. What are Velds? Veld - Location Vegetation Flora and Fauna People and economy Of the velds.... A MASSIVE thank you to my group (including me)

Thank you for paying attention (I hope you did)

The end..... Social Project Velds - Grasslands Velds are made up of
*Highveld
*Middleveld
*Lowveld Highveld Middleveld Lowveld Highveld - Comprises of most of the high plateau country of south africa.
Kopjes - steep-sided hills
Pans - shallow lakes with salty crusts
Soils are thin poor and powdery ; easily eroded. Highveld comprises mainly of the high plateau country of south africa.
Thin, poor and powdery soils easily eroded.
Kopjes : Steep sided hills
Pans : Shallow lakes with salty crusts Middleveld is similar to highveld : dry, scattered with kopjes and pans. Lowveld is different from the others
They are deep, leached, acidic, porous and well drained. Velds are located in Africa..... Located in south africa.... Near the Kalahari Basin
and the Great escarpment . Velds have hot - very hot summers and mild winters


They have light rainfall. *Veld supports a large variety of natural vegetation which are highly localized.
*The vegetation in Highveld is commonly refered to as Grassveld as the grasses are much sweeter there. It is often used as fodder for animals.
*Towards the north, as the dryness increases, the grass gradually decreases to thornveld. It consists of acacias, aloes and other drought-resistent bushes. *Some parts of Highveld and Middleveld have popen woodland savannahs with palnts like Brachystegia genus (miomba) *Some parts of Highveld and Midleveld have open woodland savannahs with plants like brachystegia genus and perennial grasses.
*In Lowveld the plant life is laid in a park-like structure and supports tufted finger grass, euphorbia, tall fan tree, mopane tree, acacias and the boabab.
*In higher areas, it consists of acacias and marula. *Animals that live here are usually well adapted to these conditions.
*They are trained to run, dig or fly extremely fast so as to escape from their prey.
*Each species have their own ways to escape from enemies; usually camouflage. *The earliest inhabitants were supposedely the Australopithecus humans.
*The generally open character, easy gradients, abundant supply of food, and—in the valleys—water of the Highveld have long attracted migrants as well as settlers.
*In 1830 the Voortrekkers also made the Highveld thier home, as they were escaping the British. *The San lived by hunting and gathering.
*The animal herding and crop raising was done by the Bantu-speaking people.
*In the modern era, much of the natural cover of veld has been ploughed and bought under human management. *Human life has brought many changes to these areas.
*One of the major focuses of investigation has been determining the nutritional potential of various natural vegetation forms in terms of their use in raising livestock and wildlife management.
*The discovery of australopithecine fossils on the South African Highveld has sparked great interest for paleontologists. *Mass slaughter, trophy hunting, and the encroachments of farmers and pastoralists have thinned out every major species of mammal and reptile and several species of birds in the veld.
*Wildlife conservation efforts in Southern Africa have further been aided by the creation of transfrontier parks, which link nature reserves and parks in neighboring countries to create large, international conservation areas that protect biodiversity and allow a wider range of movement for migratory animal populations.
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