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What is Geography?

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Ashley Mays

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of What is Geography?

What is Geography?
It is basically the study of the the Earth's surface.
Two common ways to study to Earth's surface are by using:
What is a globe?
A globe is a sphere with a map on it.
What is unique about a globe?
Since a globe is round, it is the most accurate way to view the size, position, and distance between the various water and land features on earth.
Maps are projections
Projection is the process of putting the features of the Earth onto a flat surface
There are 3 types of projections:
Things to remember about projections:
is least, where the paper comes into contact with the globe.
Most well-known
Cylindrical Projection
Mercator Projection
Conical Projections
are mainly used to map temporal regions, or middle latitudes
Flat-Plane Projection
Most widely used is the
Gnomonic Projection
Commonly used to map the poles
What is a great-circle route?
A great-circle is any circle that cuts a sphere, such as the globe, into two equal parts.

Shortest line connecting any two points on a globe, extended in reality taking into consideration the globe’s curvature, would form a great-circle.

Since the Meridians are straight on a Gnomic projection, any straight line drawn between two points form a Great Circle Route.
What is a Map?
A map is a flat image of the Earth
5 Common Map Symbols:
Compass Rose
identifies cardinal directions
N,S,E, & W
may identify ordinal directions
NE, SE, SW, & NW
4 Properties of a Map
Size of the areas shown on the map
The shapes of the areas
Consistent Scales
Straight Line directions

Maps can be correct in one or more of the properties. No map can be correct in all of them.
5 Types of Maps:
Equal Area Maps
correct proportions
Conformal Map
correct shape
Consistent Scales
correct distances
Relief Maps
correct shape of land: flat, rugged or steep
Thematic Map
gives specific information; centered on a theme or topic
How do we locate places on a globe?
called Parallels
run east to west
begin at the Equator
called Meridians
run north to south
begin at the Prime Meridian
4 Major parts of the globe:
The globe is divided into 4 main parts called
. They are the:
Northern and Southern hemispheres
divided by the lines of latitudes
Eastern and Western hemispheres
divided by the lines of longitude
7 Major landforms:
4 Major bodies of water:
They are called
and take up 70% of the earth's surface:
Well that covers GACE prep, but what about Kindergarten?
What do they need to know?
Why yes,
I'm glad you asked.
Kindergarteners need to be able to do 5 things:

Explain that a globe is a model of the Earth
Explain that a map is a drawing of a place
Identify the difference in water and land on both a map and a globe
Explain that maps and globes show a view from above
Explain that maps and globes show features in a smaller size
1. Let them explore in
2. Sing a song like
The Wheels on the Bus
A map is a picture of a place
of a place
of a place
A map is a picture of a place
Showing features very small
A map is flat and shows a place
shows a place
shows a place
A map is flat and shows a place
As it looks from above
A globe is a model of the Earth
of the earth
of the earth
A globe is a model of the Earth
On a very tiny scale
A globe like the Earth goes round and round
round and round
round and round
A globe like the Earth goes round and round
It's shaped just like a ball
Most maps and globes show water is blue
water is blue
water is blue
Most maps a globes show water is blue
There's more of it than land
When you look for land on a map or a globe
a map or a globe
a map or a globe
When you look for land on a map or a globe
Any colors may be used
Maps and globes are helpful tools
helpful tools
helpful tools
Maps and globes are helpful tools
They help us find our way
What is the difference between
a map and a globe?
Presentation by:
Ashley Mays
Kindergarten Standard
SSKG1: The students will explain that a map is a drawing of a place and a globe is a model of the Earth.
Differentiate land and water features on simple maps and globes.
Explain that maps and globes show a view from above
Explain that maps and globes show features in a smaller size.
Learning Objective:
Students will explain that a map is a drawing of a place and a globe is a model of the Earth.
First, lets start with a
little GACE prep!
You tell me!

They are called continents and take up 30% of the Earth's surface:
North America
South America
World's Largest Globe
World's second largest rotating globe
Side-effects of a Cylindrical projection:
Vocabulary Word Sorts
Make a map of their heart, using cut outs from magazines, describing what is important to them
Location game
Draw a card, find the location on the map, and tell how you would get there using positional words
Create or complete a map based on a story, and complete the accompanying key.
Puzzle Map
Cut a map into pieces, laminate it, and let the students recreate it.
What are some ways I can teach these map skills to kindergarteners? Do you have any suggestions?
Brixius, K. (2013). Maps and globes hands-on stations for kindergarten. [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Maps-and-Globes-Hands-on-Stations-for-Kindergarten-977381

Col, J. (2010). Illustrated glossary: Landforms and bodies of water. Retrieved from http://www.enchantedlearning.com/geography/landforms/glossary.shtml

Taylor, D. (2013). Sing about maps and globes. [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Maps-and-Globes-Song-210039

Wynne, S. (2010). GACE: Early childhood education 001,002. Boston, MA: XAMonline, Inc.
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