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Expository Text

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on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of Expository Text

Chronological Order
Cause & Effect
2013
2009
2010
2011
2012
Problem & Solution
0
+
-
=
9
8
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
c
Compare = Similarities
Used when the author wants
to explain the similarities and
differences between two or
more items.
Contrast = Differences
Indicators:
Both, Either, But, Neither,
Alike, Different, etc.
The 'How'
What is Expository Text?
Expository text is a type of non-fiction writing where the purpose is to inform, describe, explain, or define the author's subject to the reader.
Used when the
author wants
to present a
problem and
varying solutions.
-Problem & Solution
-Cause & Effect
-Chronological Order
-Compare & Contrast
-Descriptive
-Sequential
Indicators:
Question,
Dilemma,
Resolution,
Problem,
Answer,
Etc.
Used to explain the order in which things occur.
Used whenever the author wants
to explain how something happens.
When information is listed in
step-by-step instructions.
Indicators:
Step 1, Step 2, First, Second, Lastly, etc.
Descriptive
When the author makes
a statement and then
backs it up with
several details.
Expository Text
Used when the author wants to explain how one event leads to another.
Indicators:
cause, effect, as a result,
consequently, so, etc.
Indicators:

First, Next, Later, Then, Finally, etc.
Compare &
Contrast
The Art of Information
Expository text is written using different types of
text structure.
Text Structure is how the author organizes the
information that they are presenting in the text.
Types of Organization
Indicators:
One reason, Another reason,
For example, Such as, etc.
Sequential Order
Problem/
Solution
Question, Dilemma, Resolution, Problem, Answer
Cause/
Effect
Cause, Effect,
As a result,
Consequently, So

Chronological Order
First, Next, Later, Then, Finally
Compare/Contrast
Both, Either, But, Neither,
Alike, Different
Descriptive
One reason, Another reason,
For example, Such as
Sequential
Step 1, Step 2, First, Second, Lastly, etc.
Kesha was born in Los Angeles, California on March 1, 1987. Her mother, Pebe Sebert, a single mother, struggled financially while supporting herself, Kesha, and her older brother Lagan; they relied on welfare payments and food stamps to get by. Later, Pebe moved the family to Nashville, Tennessee, in 1991 after securing a new publishing deal for her own songwriting. Pebe frequently brought Kesha and her brothers along to recording studios and encouraged Kesha to sing when she noticed her vocal talent. Later, Kesha began taking songwriting classes. She was also taught how to write songs by Pebe, and they would often write together when she returned home from high school. Eventually, Kesha began recording demos which Pebe would give to people she knew. Kesha dropped out of school at 17, after being convinced to return to Los Angeles to pursue a music career, and earned her GED after.

"Kesha." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 08 Nov. 2013. Web. 14 Aug. 2013.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that I struggled with for the majority of my middle school years and a portion of my high school years. My classmates at Riverview High School were aware of my disorder, and it greatly affected the way they treated me. At the start of my junior year, I transferred to Madison High School. I decided not to tell anyone at that school about my eating disorder since I was mostly recovered by that time. Even though my friends at Riverview and Madison all showed concern for my well-being, their approaches differed greatly, especially in lunchroom behavior, conversation, and individual opinions about my personality and character.

"If Only They Knew." Write Source. Write Source, n.d. Web. 14 Aug. 2013.
What should be done with a herd of marauding elephants? This was the problem recently confronting officials at Pilanesberg National Park in South Africa. A number of orphaned male elephants had been transported to the park in order to provide them with a safe and nurturing environment. However, this step to protect the elephant population soon threatened another endangered species.

"If Only They Knew." Write Source. Write Source, n.d. Web. 14 Aug. 2013.
Beeps and blinking lights are the constant chatter of a hospital intensive care unit, but at the I.C.U.’s in North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y., the conversation has some unusual contributors. Two L.E.D. displays adorn the wall across from each nurses’ station. They show the hand hygiene rate achieved: last Friday in the surgical I.C.U., the weekly rate was 85 percent and the current shift had a rate of 91 percent. “Great Shift!!” the sign said. At the medical I.C.U. next door, the weekly rate was 81 percent, and the current shift 82 percent.

That’s too low for a “Great Shift!!” message. But by most standards, both I.C.U.’s are doing well. Those L.E.D. displays are very demanding — health care workers must clean their hands within 10 seconds of entering and exiting a patient’s room, or it doesn’t count. Three years ago, using the same criteria, the medical I.C.U.’s hand hygiene rate was appalling — it averaged 6.5 percent. But a video monitoring system that provides instant feedback on success has raised rates of hand-washing or use of alcohol rubs to over 80 percent, and kept them there.

Rosenberg, Tina. "An Electronic Eye on Hospital Hand-Washing." Opinionator. The New York Times, 24 Nov. 2011. Web. 14 Aug. 2013.
Expository writing is intended to convey the writer's knowledge about a topic. While different patterns may be employed to create the essay, every essay contains the same features: the introduction, the thesis, the body paragraphs, and the conclusion. The introduction is the first paragraph in the essay. The introduction contains the thesis statement, one sentence that summarizes the main idea of the essay. The body paragraphs follow the introduction and explain the main topics. Lastly, the conclusion is the final paragraph that restates the main topics and and the thesis. Every expository essay contains these features, in this order.

"Expository Writing." Expository Writing. Glendale Community College, n.d. Web. 14 Aug. 2013.
People experiment with drugs for many different reasons. One reason why people first try drugs is out of curiosity or because friends are doing it. This can be extremely dangerous because these people usually are uneducated about the substances, often leading to tragic accidental overdoses. Another reason why people do drugs is to ease a problem, such as stress, anxiety, or depression. This can also lead to extreme consequences. For example, the uncontrollable craving to use grows more important than anything else, including family, friends, career, and even a person's own health and happiness.

Robinson, Lawrence. "Drug Abuse & Addiction." Drug Abuse and Addiction: Signs, Symptoms, and Help for Drug Problems and Substance Abuse. Helpguide.org, June 2013. Web. 14 Aug. 2013.
Check for Understanding
What form of expository writing would best fit a paper on...
1. How animal life is being impacted by the recent oil spills in the ocean?

2. Potential cures for cancer?

3. Telling the events of 9/11?

4. Which of these essays would you prefer to write? Why would it be easier for you?
Check for Understanding
Which form of expository writing would best fit a paper on...
1. How to change your oil in your car.

2. Which type of career is best.

3. The effects of child abuse.

4. Which of these essays would you prefer to write? Why would it be easier for you?
Problem/Solution
Cause/Effect
Chronological Order
Compare/Contrast
Descriptive
Sequential Order
Full transcript