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Copy of Geography and the Early Settlement of China
Transcript of Copy of Geography and the Early Settlement of China
CHINA- Think LARGEST, HIGHEST, LONGEST
Outer China & Inner China
The Geography of Outer China
Outer China includes western & northern parts of present day China.
Area of Great Extreme Climate and Physical Features.
Overview of China's Geography
3rd Largest Country in the World
Population: 1.2 Billion people, More People live in China than any other country.
Divide China into 2 main areas to better understand China's history: Outer China & Inner China
Ancient China was smaller, only includes Inner China.
The two areas did not become one country until 1600s CE.
How did geography affect life in ancient China?
The Himalayas, World's Highest Mountain
Taklimakan Desert, World's largest Desert
Tibet Qinghai Plateau, World's largest plateau
China also has some of the longest rivers in the world- Yellow River & Yangtze River.
The Tibet Qinghai Plateau
Key geographic region in Outer China, often called "Roof of the World." Cover 25% of China
World's largest Plateau.
Elevation is 2 miles above sea level
Located in the Southwest, bounded by the Himalayas.
Bitterly Cold Place to live.
Only 50 days/ yr without frost.
The Northwestern Deserts
Located in Northwest.
Known for its deserts, including the Taklimakan and the Gobi.
Very harsh places to live & difficult to cross.
Climate: sizzling hot in summer & below freezing in the winter.
Includes the Turfan Depression, the second lowest place in China- 505ft below sea level.
It’s so hot that raindrops evaporate before reaching the ground.
The Northeastern Plain
Located East of present-day Mongolia.
A Land of low hills and plains.
Climate: short, hot summers and long, dry winters.
The Geography of Inner China
Inner China includes the southeastern part of present day China. This part of China is closer to sea level than the western areas.
Attractive Features for Early Settlers:
Inner China is a Land of rolling hills, river valleys, and plains. Rivers flow through this area from the west. Rivers provide water for irrigation. Floods from the rivers also enrich the soil.
North China Plain
Chang Jiang Basins
Flat region of grassland.
Drier and often cooler than Chang Jiang.
Temp range from very warm in summer to quite cold in winter.
Located in the South along the Chang Jiang river, meaning "Long River."
People use the river to move goods between the eastern and western areas of the region.
Areas of low, wet coastal plains.
Climate: wet and warm
Northwestern Deserts (Taklimakan and Gobi)
North China Plain
Chang Jiang Basin
Extreme elevations and temperatures
It's high mountains, rocky plateau, and large deserts isolated Inner China.
Hills, valleys, plains
Near the Sea
Best conditions for farming