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AP Psychology Finals Project: Bobby Joe Long
Transcript of AP Psychology Finals Project: Bobby Joe Long
shared bed with mom up unto teens
was teased (was born with extra x chromosome and had grown breast)
didn't have a good relationship with father
physical development influenced psychological development
head injuries at young age
Diagnoses: Antisocial personality disorder
pathology: his lack of secure attachment as a child help contribute to his later behavior and indifference towards women
(cluster B in DSM5-psychopathy :real profile mentioned manipulated and lack of empathy)
was just 17 and was abducted and rapped and kept in his apartment for over 24 hours, he then left her were he had found her. She helped lead to the arrest of Long.
Vol XCIII, No. 311
"The Classified Ad" Rapist
10 murders and more than 50 rapes
Person: Bobby Joe Long ("The Classified Ad Rapist )
Type of Serial Killer: Serial Rapist (more on that later
Male. Born in Kenova, West Virginia in October 1953
The Crime: During the 1980s Bobby Joe Long rapped over 50 women and murdered 10 people.
Psychological Profile : Long had grown up in an unstable home in which his parents relationship was on and off, considering they got 2 divorces. This instability in family life could of resulted in Long' s instability to make healthy attachment. An insecure attachment, as Ainsworth coined, could have resulted in a cold and indifferent attitude towards other people (especially women because he hated women). This can also account for his divorce later on to Cindy Levy.
TAMPA BAY CHRONICLES
Stages of Childhood
Learning, Reinforcement, and Psychological Disorders
Events That Contributed to Behavior:
-lack of father in life
-mother bringing home strange men
-additional x-chromosome (he was XXY). Developed breast during puberty.
-hit by car, psychiatrist attributed this to his irrational way of thinking.
-accidents (like being hit by car) had caused disfigurement resulting in being teased by peers
-" Bobby Joe Long said a motorcycle accident made him hypersexual and eventually a serial lust killer."
Progression as a serial killer:
Crimes and Victimology
organized crime (would carry rape kit and would plan out who would be victim by scanning classified ads in the newspaper
red carpet threads found on victims
held one victim as a sex slave at his home for over 24 hours (McVey, as previously mentioned)
signature: strangled victims
would strangle victims. Some victims were found naked with there legs opened more than 5 feet apart.
not much information known on parents, but considering how his mother spent a lot of time outside the home, a
permissive parenting style
could have been presents. Also the lack of attention could have caused his deep rooted resentment of his mother
mother was bipolor
"Intellectualization is the overemphasis on thinking when confronted with an unacceptable impulse, situation or behavior without employing any emotions whatsoever to help mediate and place the thoughts into an emotional, human context. "
displacement (for example kills dog and says that his mother was feeding the dog the good food).
He takes his resentment and anger and hurts the innocent dog
acts out resentment and anger for his mother on others.
-kills his own dog (shot dog in vagina)
- x ray technician. Would trick women into taking off clothing.
-would discuss homicidal fantasies with co-workers ("jokingly")
-developed sadistic pleasure as his crime spree continues
Identity v. role confusion (Erikson Psychosocial Theory)
felt "emasculated" because of his chromosome disorder. Was teased during puberty. Felt that he had to continuously reassert his masculinity.
shows signs of never having left egocentric stage ?
anal retentive v. anal expulsive
(Long showed a bit of both for ex:)
was obsessed with being in control v. rebelliousness
If Long's behavior analyzed from a Freudian perspective, one might say that he underwent fixation in
(during puberty) caused by peer isolation.
As an adult had 2 children and got a divorce. This may have caused a the conflict of
intimacy v. isolation
Eventually unhealthy relationship could have had a great influence in Long's detached and low esteem view of women.
Before killing spree, mother said he was very depressed and would sit at home doing nothing.
He was a victim of a home invasion (when living with mom). It is theorized that the methods in which the invaders attempted to get in, later influenced his methods of going about his crime (using a "rouse" and weapons and rope.
Used same techniques and admitted that he thought to himself "I can do that"
Seeing mother bound up could have cause him to think that his mom was getting what she deserved (because he hated her) which further glorifies the crime
The success of the robbery served as a reinforcement and caused him to learn that behavior in which a person in rendered vulnerable and he is in control (his past further highlights his desire for superiority(power hungry)).
robbery showed him people having the same power over his mother he wanted.
His behavior was reinforced by the sadistic pleasure he received and the success of his evil plots.
discussed in detail in next slide. General applicable terms include egocentrism, anal stage, and genital stage.
Trust v. Mistrust (Erikson Psychosocial Theory)
Didn't trust caretaker. Didn't have a good relationship with mother
Some Relevant Info to Keep in Mind:
Serial killers tend to be insecure, and irrationally scared of rejection.
He will try to avoid developing a painful relationship with his object of desire and is terrified of being abandoned, humiliated, or exposed. Many killers often have sex – the ultimate form of intimacy – with their victims, and often with the corpse. That way, the possibility of rejection is null. Serial killers also enjoy prolonging the suffering of their victims as
it gives them a sense of power over the victim.
They get to decide whether, and how, the victim will live or die."
Bobby Joe Long was power hungry
"Serial killers must continuously kill simply because they are addicted to the feelings they get when they do. They also rationalize every aspect and detail of their behavior so there is no reason in their head as to why they should stop. They know what they’re doing, the consequences of their actions, and how to avoid getting caught. Most serial killers, and psychopaths in general, are “consummate chameleons” who are able to hide their rage and true intentions behind a charismatic, civilized façade called the “
mask of sanity
” (Newton). Psychopaths are amoral and though they knowing the difference between right and wrong, they do not care and lack feelings of remorse or guilt. They tend to objectify other people and treat them as if they were objects. They don’t know how to have sympathy for others because of their psychopathic nature, but they do know how to simulate it by observing others."
Bobby Joe Long Interview Clip
What Type of Serial Killer was Bobby Joe Long?
Bobby Joe Long shows characteristic of "mission-orientated" serial killer in that he targeted prostitutes predominately , but this cannot be exactly proven with the available evidence. Most sources help point to Bobby Joe Long as power/control serial killer because of his upbringing and behavior (described/explained earlier).
Inference: psychopath because of how he pre-planned attacks and showed manipulative nature
"Psychopaths, in general, have a
hard time forming real emotional attachments with others
. Instead, they form artificial, shallow relationships designed to be manipulated in a way that most benefits the psychopath.
People are seen as pawns to be used to forward the psychopath’s goals. Psychopaths rarely feel guilt regarding any of their behaviors, no matter how much they hurt others.
But psychopaths can often be seen by others as being charming and trustworthy, holding steady, normal jobs. Some even have families and seemingly-loving relationships with a partner. While they tend to be well-educated, they may also have learned a great deal on their own. When a psychopath engages in criminal behavior, they tend to do so in a way that minimizes risk to themselves. They will carefully plan criminal activity to ensure they don’t get caught, having contingency plans in place for every possibility."
"The DSM-5 defines antisocial personality as someone have 3 or more of the following traits:
Regularly breaks or flaunts the law
Constantly lies and deceives others
Is impulsive and doesn’t plan ahead
Can be prone to fighting and aggressiveness
Has little regard for the safety of others
Irresponsible, can’t meet financial obligations
Doesn’t feel remorse or guilt
Symptoms start before age 15, so by the time a person is an adult, they are well on their way to becoming a psychopath or sociopath
Symptoms long showed in blue:
Ultimately all the events impacted his ability to form attachment and think rationally. This would later fuel all the crimes he committed
A Stable home is crucial in the development of a stable child
The facts of the case as detailed by the FBI profile of the murder scenes read;
The victims had to depend on others for transportation
The victims were essentially nude when found
The victims had been similarly bound, while one was posed
They had been picked up in Tampa
They had been left near interstate highways in rural areas
There were tire tread impressions at both scenes
They were found at quite a distance from where they were last seen
Carpet fibers confirmed the relationship of the crimes
The FBI profile of the killer listed the following attributes;
White male - probably mid 20's
Extroverted, and manipulative.
Organized - he would operate normally in society
Narcissistic - need to be the center of attention.
Macho self image - may have tattoos to reinstate that, or carry weapons.
In keeping with macho self image he most likely has had masculine jobs - i.e. construction.
No more than a high school education, though intelligent most likely had problems with the structure and discipline required for higher education.
Due to his lack of discipline he would also most likely have difficulty maintaining employment - he would have had multiple short-term jobs.
Probably delinquent as a child exhibiting rebelliousness, discipline problems.
May have a history of bed-wetting, arson, or animal cruelty.
His choice of car would be flashy, like a sports car.
Most likely already had a criminal record.
Would most likely be a police enthusiast and attempt to immerse himself in the investigation, both to deflect investigators from believing him a suspect, and to relive the crime.
He would kill again if not captured."