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The Abuse of ADHD Medications

English Writing as Inquiry Final Project
by

hannah tutera

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of The Abuse of ADHD Medications

The Abuse of ADHD Medications:
Addictions and health effects

Illegal trading among students

Unfair academic advantages
MAIN FACTORS:
1
|
2
|
3
|
3%-7% of school-aged children have ADHD
That is 5.4 million people as of 2007.
22% increase from 2003-2007
statistics on the rise...
Among 11,422 respondents from ten countries worldwide, the prevalence of
adult ADHD was 3.4% in 2007.
A Survey Regarding to the Prevalence of Adult ADHD (made by WHM in 2007):
5% of the population have ADHD in childhood; 60% of those individuals continue into adulthood with ADHD.

In the 70s, there were very few stimulants prescribed to people with “minimal brain dysfunction”.

The trend has increased over the decades and more stimulants like Ritalin, Vyvanse, and Adderall are issued to those with “ADHD; IA, HI, combined subtypes.
| Works Cited |
1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth edition: DSM-5. Washington: American Psychiatric Association, 2013.

2. McCarthy, Alice A. "Misuse and Abuse of ADHD Medication." Misuse and Abuse of ADHD Medication (2010): n. pag. Clinical Advisor. 01 Nov. 2010. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.

3. "Many Parents Unaware of Teens' Abuse of ADHD Drugs." US News. U.S.News & World Report, 31 May 2013. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.

4. Bright, George M. "Abuse of Medications Employed for the Treatment of ADHD: Results From a Large-Scale Community Survey." NCBI. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2008. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.

5. Schwarz, Alan, and Sarah Cohen. "A.D.H.D. Seen in 11% of U.S. Children as Diagnoses Rise." New York Times. N.p., 31 Mar. 2013. Web.

6. "ADHD Alternative Treatments: Feingold Diets, Supplement, and More." WebMD. WebMD, 2008. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.

7. Colb, Sherry F. "What's Wrong With "Doping" to Get A's In High School?" Verdict. N.p., 27 June 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.

IMAGES:

http://www.behance.net/gallery/Adderall-Case-Study/5505397

http://www.behance.net/gallery/Photojournalism-Final-Finals-Week/916531


it's important to recognize the
however...
positives.
ADHD stimulants increase dopamine levels in the brain.

> dopamine is a brain chemical (or neurotransmitter) associated with pleasure, movement, and attention.

There is a slow and steady increase in the amount of dopamine realized into the brain until the effect is reached .
(most common stimulants: Ritalin, Vyvanse, Adderall)
focus
pay attention
learn
retain information
the medications work
(pediatric psychpharmacologist with the Child Mind Institutive in Manhattan)

“the benefits far outweigh the risks and when this [medication] works, it should be dramatically effective and not cause problems” (3).
- Dr. Steven Dickstein
and they work well.
Hannah Tutera
H E A L T H
|
E F F E C T S

repeated use at high doses:
feelings of hostility
paranoia
cardiovascular complications
stroke
increased:
blood pressure
heart rate
body temperature
decrease sleep
appetite

A D D

"it's
worth
it"
add
icts...
In most cases, an addict will not see the downside of their abuse until they suffer from dangerously high BP, irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing, seizures and tremors, and mood disorders (2).
prominent among
college students

|
increased sharpness
|
weight loss
|
ability to focus longer
I C T I O N S
factor two:
unfair
ad
vantages
WHY?
the real reason for the abuse

fortify their capacity to concentrate hard on their academics, achieve personal goals, and please authority figures.
without their parents and/or doctors’ discretion
to drown their sorrows?


to achieve euphoria?


to ease their comfort level in social situations?

University of Michigan Mott Children's Hospital survey:

700 randomly selected households with teens, conducted...

found that only 1 percent of parents of teens between 13 and 17 years old believe their child has taken a stimulant as a study aid.

Yet in a 2012 University of Michigan study sponsored by the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, 10 percent of high school sophomores and 12 percent of seniors admitted to using a "study drug" that was not prescribed by a doctor.



"What we found in this poll is a clear mismatch between what parents believe and what their kids are reporting,"
Dr. Matthew Davis
Director of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health
factor 3
factor 2
T A K E
|
A
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S T A N C E
nonconventional methods
|
dietary interventions
|
proactive behavioral interventions
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interactive metronome training
PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS ARE NOT THE ONLY CURE
Full transcript