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Copy of Copy of Mexican-American War
Transcript of Copy of Copy of Mexican-American War
After the U.S. admitted Texas into the Union Mexico broke off diplomatic relations with the U.S.
The recently elected Polk campaigned on
Polk wished to extend the U.S. boarder to El Rio Grande (150 miles south) and to later buy the northern half of Mexico.
Polk was open and willing to destroy Mexico for this land.
Polk saw the Mexicans as inferior.
The War Begins
Mexico receives an American Delegattion but when they learn of Polk's intentions they send them off and the U.S. moves troops into Mexico.
Polk sets the troops in a earth fort with guns pointing into a Mexican town
The Mexicans open fire on a scouting party. This causes Polk to get congress to declare war on Mexico.
The Americans invade Mexico at this point.
Thousands of Americans volunteer for the war.
General Taylor engages at the battle of Palo Alto soundly defeating the Mexicans.
An 8 week armistice is agreed upon and Polk is furious about this.
General Scott takes command from General Taylor taking his best troops towards Mexico city. Polk orders General Taylor to halt, General Taylor ignores this.
Polk orders General Kearny to take New Mexico and California.
The Americans advance towards California after telling the Mexicans that they would take care of the Indians and the Indians that they would take care of the Mexicans.
The Americans experience disease and death as they advance and lose moral.
The Americans land at Veracruz after decimating the civilian population.
The Mexicans ask General Santa Ana to command Mexico's army after being exiled to Cuba.
The Mexicans go into civil war in the capital just as Santa Ana was about to defeat General Taylor
The Mexicans experience defeat after defeat.
The Americans take Mexico city and to insure peace they sign the treaty of Guadalupe which gives 55% of Mexico in the U.S.
The total deaths 13,271 Americans and over 50,000 Mexicans
The Mexicans outnumber the Americans in almost every battle.
The Mexicans are fighting on home soil
The Americans are plagued by various diseases
The Americans used new and emerging strategy i.e. flying cannons
The Mexicans used old archaic equipment
Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude common during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico.